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Official Gazette

Friday, November 22, 2019

A capital idea: planning Hanoi’s future

Updated: 10:49’ - 28/09/2010

The National Assembly Standing Committee commented on the draft Law on Hanoi at its 34th session held this month.

The 4-chapter and 36-article draft Law defines the position and role of the capital city and provides a series of specific policies for promoting the development, construction and management of the city.

While agreeing with the promulgation of the law, lawmakers said that careful consideration should be given to the consistency of these policies with the Constitution and other laws. They suggested that any specific regulations exclusively applicable to Hanoi must be rational, efficient and feasible. Stricter supervision of the implementation of these policies was also necessary.

Lawmakers also attributed existing problems in the construction, management and development of Hanoi to ineffective enforcement work, which thus should be improved.

Expected to be tabled to the National Assembly at its year-end session, the draft law spells out 20 specific policies aiming to create a more favorable environment for the city’s socio-economic development. These policies cover a wide range of issues from construction to environmental protection, from education and training to management of public order and safety in Hanoi.

In the area of planning, a notable policy is that construction of new industrial parks, industrial production establishments, professional secondary schools, colleges, universities and hospitals would not be allowed in the inner city while existing central hospitals would not be expanded. This aims to curb the current overload in traffic, environment and socio-technical infrastructure services. Remaining land areas in the inner city would be planned for public cultural services.

Regarding space, architecture, landscapes and construction, the draft law lays emphasis on preserving the landscapes in both urban areas (the inner city) and rural (suburban) areas in order to ensure the city’s environmental quality. Suburban areas should be managed and developed properly to form a green corridor for the entire city in the future.

Article 13 of the Ordinance generally provides that the Hanoi municipal administration may issue regulations for protecting and effectively tapping resources, land, rivers and lakes in the city. Perpetuating this provision, the draft law requires land in the city be efficiently used under the land law and the city’s master plan and land use plan.

To bring into full play Hanoi’s land-related strengths, the draft law empowers the Government to issue policies for efficient utilization of land resources to build and upgrade the city’s technical infrastructure. The People’s Council of Hanoi would be responsible for adopting measures to expedite land recovery and ground clearance for investment projects in the city.

The draft law sets requirements to limit the impacts of climate change on the capital’s environment. Its rivers, streams, lakes and forests must be protected, managed and used according to their ecological functions and landscapes with a view to conserving and developing a green and water surface space. Some environmental indicators applicable to the capital are higher than general ones. The draft law also requires resolute handling of polluting establishments in the Capital.

The draft law provides two important policies regarding housing development and management in Hanoi. First, it affirms the priority to the development of social houses in the city’s suburban areas by requiring commercial housing development projects to reserve larger areas for building social houses as compared to general regulations on housing. Second, it stipulates that the renovation and reconstruction of old condominiums and the formation of new urban areas must satisfy the requirements on reduction of construction density and increase of land use coefficients without resulting in a sudden increase in population. These aim to create technical barriers for limiting the unplanned increase in the city’s population, especially in the downtown area, and to increase its open-air space.

The draft law permits the municipal People’s Council to set circulation charges for some kinds of vehicles, including motorcycles and cars, operating in inner Hanoi with a view to encouraging the use of mass transit and reducing traffic congestion and air pollution. Charge revenues would be invested in building and upgrading the city’s transport infrastructure system.

In order to assure public order and safety in the capital, the draft law allows the imposition of higher fines to administrative violations committed in the inner city related to culture, land, environment, construction, transport and residence, which could be up to five times the levels applicable nationwide.-

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