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Official Gazette

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Party resolves to fight corruption

Updated: 17:36’ - 29/06/2012

The Communist Party of Vietnam has reaffirmed its high determination to fight corruption, clearly stating that its inspectorate “must closely coordinate with state bodies functioning to prevent and combat corruption in inspecting, supervising, detecting and handling in time violators and publicize the handling results.”

In recently released Conclusion No. 21-KL/TW of the fifth plenum of the Party Central Committee (the XIth Congress) on enhancement of the Party leadership over corruption and wastefulness prevention and combat, the Communist Party of Vietnam reviewed anti-corruption and -wastefulness activities over the past five years in materializing the Resolution of the third plenum of the Party Central Committee, which were crowned with “positive improvements in perception and action and initial results, particularly in prevention of corruption, publicity, transparency and reform of administrative procedures and management of public property”. In some areas, it stated, corruption and wastefulness have been incrementally reined in; and the obtained results have testified to the correctness of the Party’s and the State’s undertakings and solutions defined in the third plenum’s Resolution.

However, the Party has clearly pointed to the weaknesses and limitations in corruption and wastefulness prevention and combat activities, which remain below the set requirements and objectives. Serious corruption and wastefulness still occur in various areas and sectors, particularly in the management and use of land, natural resources and minerals, capital construction investment, budget management, tax and charge collection, personnel work, etc, thus causing public concern and posing a big challenge to the Party leadership and the state management.

Such weaknesses and limitations, according to the Conclusion, are attributable to the fact that “not a few Party Committees, Party organizations, administrations at different levels and heads of agencies, organizations and units have improperly performed their tasks of leading and directing anti-corruption and -wastefulness activities”; that “a number of leaders and managers at different levels, including the central level, and in various sectors have not been exemplary in their morality and lifestyles, losing their combativeness and lacking determination to prevent and fight corruption and wastefulness”; that “socio-economic management mechanisms and policies in many sectors have revealed loopholes and constraints”; and that “the organization and operation of specialized anti-corruption bodies have proved not strong enough and irrational”.

In order to overcome these weaknesses and limitations, the Party has pinpointed key tasks and solutions to be performed.

The first set of solutions are to heighten the role and responsibility of the Party Committees, Party organizations and administrations at all levels, and heads of agencies, organizations or units in corruption and wastefulness prevention and combat.

Party leadership and state management constitute a factor decisive to the success of anti-corruption and -wastefulness activities. The Party Committees, Party organizations and administrations at all levels as well as heads of agencies, organizations or units must consider the fight against corruption and wastefulness a central and regular task requiring their leadership and direction.

The role, responsibility and combativeness of grassroots Party organizations must be heightened. The heads of Party Committees, Party organizations and administrations at all levels must commit to upholding integrity and resolutely fighting corruption and wastefulness. Party Committees must strictly manage Party cadres and members, conduct regular inspections to prevent and detect their violations and practice publicity and transparency in activities of agencies, units and Party members, particularly in sectors prone to corruption and wastefulness.

The Party’s inspectorate must closely coordinate with state bodies functioning to prevent and combat corruption and wastefulness in inspecting, supervising, detecting and handling in time violators and publicize the handling results.

The second set of solutions are to further perfect socio-economic management institutions for corruption and wastefulness prevention and combat.

The Land Law and relevant laws must be early revised to manage and use land, natural resources and minerals with greater publicity and transparency in land planning, recovery, compensation, allocation, lease, valuation and auction of the land use rights and mining rights. The powers and responsibilities of administrations at all levels in the performance of the task of representing land owners and in the unified management of land and natural resources must be more clearly and specifically defined.

Regulations must be perfected for strict management and control of budget revenues and expenditures; public expenditures, particularly public procurement and investment; regular expenditures; production and consumption quotas and norms; natural resource exploitation; expenses for conferences, festivals, guest reception and overseas working trips. Regulations on the establishment of centralized public procurement centers must be revised according to the requirement set in the Resolution of the third plenum.

Institutions on management of state-owned and state-invested enterprises must be finalized. The powers and responsibilities of the state-owners of state capital and property at enterprises must be properly performed; financial audit, publicity and transparency must be practiced; and the restructuring of state enterprises must be stepped up.

Mechanisms and policies must be perfected to strictly control credit and construction investment activities, particularly such activities prone to negative practices as lending, guarantee, financial leasing, financial investment, lending, public investment, real estate investment, etc.

Administrative procedures must be further reformed toward simplicity, publicity and transparency in the fields prone to corruption, especially investment, land and construction.

The third set of solutions are to further perfect and strictly implement organization and personnel mechanisms and policies in order to prevent and fight corruption and wastefulness.

Democracy, publicity and transparency must be practiced in personnel work, particularly the recruitment, planning, appointment, transfer, rotation, evaluation, commendation and discipline. Specific regulations must be issued to transfer or replace leading or managerial officials with manifestations of corruption and wastefulness and those who fail to meet the requirements of their tasks. Specific regulations on appointment of persons from other localities to hold a number of provincial- and district-level posts must be worked out and implemented.

Regulations on transparency of property and incomes of civil servants and public employees must be strictly implemented. Regulations on control of incomes of officials must be studied and issued. The Anti-Corruption Law and relevant documents must be revised to facilitate the publicization of property and income declarations at workplaces and places of residence as required by the Resolution of the fourth plenum of the Party Central Committee (the XIth Congress). Agencies must actively inspect and verify the property and income declarations of their cadres, civil servants and public employees. The salary regime must be step by step implemented to ensure that cadres, civil servants and public employees earn their incomes mainly from salaries, live on salaries and enjoy good living standards.

The fourth set of measures are to further improve institutions on and intensify examination, inspection, audit, investigation, prosecution and adjudication activities so as to raise the effectiveness of anti-corruption and -wastefulness efforts.

It is necessary to expeditiously finalize regulations on judicial assessment, particularly financial assessment and survey of construction quality, in order to timely and effectively serve the handling of acts of corruption and wastefulness. Necessary measures must be devised and applied to limit the negative reaction of persons committing corruption or wastefulness when they are inspected. The criminal law must be revised toward increasing fines, and exempting or reducing other penalties for those who commit corruption but voluntarily declare and address consequences.

In the immediate future, it is necessary to further step up the detection and handling of acts of corruption and wastefulness and to speed up the handling of serious and complicated cases of public concern.

Inspection and audit must be intensified in such key sectors as land management and use, mining, public investment and procurement, budget revenues and expenditures, management of public property, credit and banking as well as personnel work.

Inspection, institution of criminal cases, investigation, prosecution and adjudication of corruption cases must be more closely examined and supervised. Acts of corruption within anti-corruption bodies and persons who cover up acts of corruption or obstruct the corruption fight must be strictly handled in time.

The fifth set of measures are to enhance the supervisory role of people-elected organs and people in the corruption and wastefulness prevention and combat

Supervision over corruption and wastefulness prevention and combat by the National Assembly and the People’s Councils at all levels must be enhanced, first of all at agencies functioning to prevent and fight corruption and wastefulness.

The role of the Fatherland Front, socio-political organizations, socio-professional organizations, communities and people in detecting and combating corruption and wastefulness must be promoted. Regulations on people’s supervision of Party organizations, cadres and members must be issued. Measures must be taken to protect and praise members and persons who courageously denounce and detect acts of corruption or wastefulness. The role and responsibility of the press in corruption and wastefulness prevention and combat must be heightened.

The sixth set of measures are to renew, and raise the anti-corruption and -wastefulness capability of leading, directing, standing or advisory bodies.

At the central level, the Central Steering Committee for Corruption Prevention and Combat will be set up, which will be attached to the Political Bureau and headed by the Party General Secretary. The Central Internal Affairs Commission will be re-established to act as the advisory body for the Party Central Committee, directly and regularly for the Political Bureau and the Secretariat, on major policies on internal affairs, and concurrently as the standing body of the Central Steering Committee for Corruption Prevention and Combat.

At the local levels, no provincial-level steering committees for corruption prevention and fight will be established. This work will be directly led by the provincial-level Party Committees that will coordinate with the Central Steering Committee for Corruption Prevention and Combat in handling serious cases occurring in their localities.

Corruption and wastefulness prevention and combat is an uphill and complicated work and an important and regular task of the Party, the State and the people in the cause of national construction and defense, the Conclusion states.-
VNL_KH1 

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