Control and handling of corrupt acts in the private sector through accountability mechanism
Corruption in the non-state business sector happens when someone takes advantage of his/her position in his/her enterprise for the sake of his/her personal gains. In Vietnam, the 2015 Penal Code (revised in 2017) has broadened the scope of corrupt acts to include corruption occurred in the private sector. Specifically, persons with high positions and/or powers in a non-state enterprise or organization will be liable for the following criminal acts: embezzlement, receiving bribes, giving bribes and bribery brokerage. However, in order to effectively prevent and combat corruption in the private sector, holding persons committing corrupt acts liable is not sufficient enough.
Legal requirements for information disclosure and transparency in the equitization of SOEs
According to a government report, during 2011-15, 508 SOEs were equitized. The speed of equitizing big SOEs has been recognized to increase significantly over the past five years. As of October 2016, there remained 718 companies in which the State held 100% of charter capital. For the period from 2016 to 2020, the Government has identified enterprises where the State holds 100% of capital and dominant shares, including those operating in key industries, important geographical areas, and security and defense fields, applying high technologies, requiring large-scale investment and creating socio-economic impetus that lack investment from other sources.
Legal requirements for information disclosure and transparency in management of state-owned enterprises
SOEs are holding key industries and sectors of the economy, such as construction, transport, oil and gas, communication, telecommunications, and production of industrial and consumable goods. As of October 2016, there were in total 718 enterprises in which the State holds 100% of the charter capital. SOEs hold not only key industries and sectors but also large resources.