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Official Gazette

Sunday, November 19, 2017
Tags: local administration system
Current local administration system in Vietnam Current local administration system in Vietnam
This article highlights the new, important provisions of the 2013 Constitution and the 2015 Law on Organization of Local Administration regarding the organization and operation of the current local administration system in Vietnam.
Vietnams local administrations during doi moi period (1986-now) Vietnam’s local administrations during “doi moi” period (1986-now)
Together with the economic reform in the cause of comprehensive national “doi moi” (renewal) initiated by the Communist Party of Vietnam in 1986, the reform of the political system embracing the local administrations has been carried out step by step.
Local administrations in Vietnam during anti-US war of resistance for national salvation (1954-1975) Local administrations in Vietnam during anti-US war of resistance for national salvation (1954-1975)
Following the victory of the anti-French colonialist war of resistance with the signing of the Geneva Agreements, northern Vietnam was completely liberated while the South fell under the US’s yoke. The entire Vietnamese nation again had to enter into a new war of resistance against the US imperialists, aiming to liberate the South and reunify the country. In such a particular historical context, the State of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam had to consolidate and perfect the system of local administrations in the North while having to organize the struggle against the US and their Vietnamese stooges in order to step by step build up and expand the system of local revolutionary administration in the South.
Local administration in Vietnam during the 1954-1975 period Local administration in Vietnam during the 1954-1975 period
Following the victory of the anti-French colonialist war of resistance with the signing of the Geneva Agreements, northern Vietnam was completely liberated while the South fell under the US’s yoke. The entire Vietnamese nation again had to enter into a new war of resistance against the US imperialists, aiming to liberate the South and reunify the country. In such a particular historical context, the State of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam had to consolidate and perfect the system of local administrations in the North while having to organize the struggle against the US and their Vietnamese stooges in order to step by step build up and expand the system of local revolutionary administration in the South.
Local administration in Vietnam during the 1945-1954 period Local administration in Vietnam during the 1945-1954 period
As from the late 19th century when Vietnam became a French colony, successive struggle movements for national liberation and the establishment of an independent and sovereign state continuously broke out, which culminated in the August 1945 Revolution to wrest back the national independence, then the 9 year-long war of resistance against the French colonialists to defend the newly- gained national independence.
Feudal state apparatus structures in Vietnam Feudal state apparatus structures in Vietnam
Unlike many other feudal states in the Orient, which  were characterized by  the absolute monarchy,  the feudal state in Vietnam was modeled after the centralist monarchy with concentrated power throughout the process of its development from the 10th to the 19th century.
The state structure and legislation of former Saigon regime The state structure and legislation of former Saigon regime
Throughout 21 years of their aggressive war against Vietnam, the US neo-colonialists resorted to all means, military, diplomatic, economic, political, to build up a strong and stable puppet regime whitewashed with fake democracy and independence in South Vietnam as an instrument to materialize their schemes. Such administration existed in various forms: civilian; military; civilian - military; civilian - military- political parties.
The Nguyen family of Dang Trong (1558-1786) – its state and law The Nguyen family of “Dang Trong” (1558-1786) – its state and law
Following the civil war that brought the House of Le back to power under the “Le Trung Hung” dynasty, the Trinh family tried to grasp all powers while the Nguyen family sought ways to consolidate their feud as a separate territory in Thuan-Quang region, comprising almost all areas of Quang Binh province, the provinces of Quang Tri, Thua Thien-Hue and Quang Nam, and part of the present-day Quang Ngai province.

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