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Official Gazette

Thursday, October 28, 2021
Tags: feudal Vietnam
Legislative process under the Nguyen dynasty Legislative process under the Nguyen dynasty
Vietnam’s feudal state under the Nguyen dynasty (1802-1884) attached great importance to legislative work with a coherent and logical process from the drafting and transfer of legal documents, management and use of official seals, organization of archive work to the training and employment of paperwork staff. The Nguyen dynasty’s due attention to the drafting of legal documents contributed to the development of a strong public administration, serving as the basis for the attainment of significant achievements in various aspects of the country’s social life in this period. This also offered valuable lessons on the importance of the human factor, the clear definition of duties of each responsible individual, and the role of inspection and supervision in the process of formulating and promulgating legal documents, for today’s lawmaking work in Vietnam.
Measures to supervise six ministries under the Nguyen Dynasty Measures to supervise six ministries under the Nguyen Dynasty
During more than 1,000 years of domination by northern feudalists, the Vietnamese feudal state was established after the state model of feudal China, from state institutions, ruling method, organizational system to mandarin titles. Following the reform initiated by King Le Thanh Tong (1442-1497), the state apparatus of feudal Vietnam was further developed with “luc bo” (six ministries) being key state agencies and the backbone of the central administration.
The oversight system in the feudal period of Vietnam The oversight system in the feudal period of Vietnam
In order to guarantee the king’s unified power, Vietnamese feudal regimes created and operated consistently a state power-overseeing mechanism with two systems: intra-state and extra-state. This writing only dwells on the system overseeing the operation of the state management apparatus from inside.
King Le Thanh Tong and the building of the contingent of mandarins King Le Thanh Tong and the building of the contingent of mandarins
Le Thanh Tong ascended the throne in 1460 when he was 18 years old and died when he was 56. He was considered the most talented ruler in feudal Vietnam as assessed by “Dai Viet Su Ky toan thu” (the Complete Book of the Historical Record of Great Viet): “The King founded a strong state, expanded the territory and brought prosperity to the nation; he was truly a talented, heroic ruler who could be compared to Yu Ti of the Han dynasty and Taizong of the Tang dynasty.”
Administrative divisions in feudal Vietnam Administrative divisions in feudal Vietnam
In the historical process, the successive Vietnamese feudal states achieved steps of development in the way of organizing administrative divisions in the country to meet the requirements of social life and national defense. This writing dwells on the formation of administrative divisions in Vietnam from the Dinh dynasty onward and some lessons for the building of a law-ruled state at present.
King Le Thanh Tongs view on state-people relationship King Le Thanh Tong’s view on state-people relationship
History shows that during his 38 year-tenure, Le Thanh Tong tirelessly followed his deep aspiration for a centralized bureaucratic absolute monarchy that guarantees the power and interests of the feudal class represented by the Le dynasty. Immediately after ascending the throne, Le Thanh Tong sped up the introduction of Confucianism into the country on which he developed his conception of ruling the country.
King-plowed land and agricultural production under the Ly Dynasty King-plowed land and agricultural production under the Ly Dynasty
Different studies have revealed that the incipient states in Southeast Asia in general and Vietnam in particular emerged mainly from agricultural production activities, including dyke construction and water control. Hence, the agriculture-inclined thinking strongly influenced many feudal kings in the royal palace as well as peasants in the village.
Feudal Vietnams flexible policy for border stability Feudal Vietnam’s flexible policy for border stability
Feudal Vietnam under the Ly dynasty, which was then called Dai Viet (Great Viet) and ruled by nine Ly kings from 1009 to 1225.
Protection of peoples interests under Quoc Trieu Kham Tung Dieu Le Protection of people’s interests under Quoc Trieu Kham Tung Dieu Le
According to ancient books and documents, “Quoc Trieu Kham Tung Dieu Le” was promulgated in 1777 under King Le Hien Tong’s reign, containing 31 regulations, all on litigation.
Peculiarities of the justice system in feudal Vietnam Peculiarities of the justice system in feudal Vietnam
The laws of pre-capitalist countries in general and the Vietnamese feudal law in particular were all presented in the form of criminal legal norms. In ancient laws, there was no distinction between criminal and civil laws or between substantive and procedural laws.

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