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Official Gazette

Friday, July 10, 2020
Tags: law enforcement
Land conflicts in emerging suburban areas in Vietnam: causes and effects Land conflicts in emerging suburban areas in Vietnam: causes and effects
This article takes initial steps in understanding causes and effects of land conflicts in Vietnam after the effect of the 2003 Land Law and its subsequent amendments. It examines institutional arrangements that govern land rights security but may have created biases toward different land users upon conflicting land use purposes. The analysis also examines the values of the two available large sample surveys in Vietnam (the citizen perception-based Vietnam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) and the firm perception-based Provincial Competitiveness Index (PCI)) in informing potential different treatments toward citizens and firms as land users.
Protection of endangered precious and rare wildlife under the 2015 Penal Code Protection of endangered, precious, and rare wildlife under the 2015 Penal Code
Compared to the 1999 version, the 2015 Penal Code’s provisions on protection of wildlife have been significantly revised toward expanding the scope of application of the monetary penalty, increasing penalties and adding some aggravating circumstances. This article analyzes these regulations and proposes a number of recommendations for more effective protection of endangered, precious, and rare wildlife.
COVID-19: The right time for revising wildlife trade and consumption policy COVID-19: The right time for revising wildlife trade and consumption policy
The current coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is killing thousands of people globally and causing major impacts to livelihoods, society, and economies across the world. COVID-19 is understood to have originated in wildlife, most probably in a market selling live wildlife in China[1]. The conditions that lead to the emergence and transmission of these zoonotic pathogens to humans are also prevalent in Vietnam. It’s time to change the current approach to regulating the trading and use of live wildlife for the wellbeing and survival of all on this planet.
Legal framework for enforcement of criminal judgments against businesses Legal framework for enforcement of criminal judgments against businesses
On April 8, 2020, the Government issued Decree 44/2020/ND-CP (Decree 44), prescribing enforcement of judgments against commercial legal persons in a move to detail the 2019 Law on Execution of Criminal Judgments. With this Decree, set to take effect from July, the legal framework for execution of criminal judgments against commercial legal persons has been fundamentally completed, guaranteeing the enforcement of the 2015 Penal Code’s provisions concerning criminal handling of commercial legal persons.
South China Sea amid COVID-19 pandemic South China Sea amid COVID-19 pandemic
Facing the COVID-19 pandemic, the claimant States in the South China Sea (also known as the East Sea) confront with another virus on the maritime front. It’s the virus on expansion of claim and intimidation. After having successfully controlled the coronavirus, China has undertaken a series of actions to establish its administration over the whole East Sea. The actions are various from fisheries to maritime surveys, diplomatic notes, establishing new districts, naming shoals to coercion. Chinese victims are not limited to only one country but also Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and even Indonesia.
Society opposes Chinese fishing bans in East Sea Society opposes Chinese fishing bans in East Sea
The Vietnam Fisheries Society (VINAFIS) released a document on Monday opposing China’s issuance of regulations banning fishing in the East Sea (South China Sea).
Hanoi promises hefty fines for COVID-19 offenders Hanoi promises hefty fines for COVID-19 offenders
Failing to wear masks in public, reporting inaccurate health statuses or evading quarantine are just some actions that could result in heavy fines or even a criminal trial.
Constitutional provisions on human rights in criminal proceedings should be further concretized Constitutional provisions on human rights in criminal proceedings should be further concretized
Vietnam’s 2013 Constitution (the Constitution) provides for the first time human rights and citizens’ rights in Chapter II with significant progress in the recognition and exercise of these rights as well as specific cases where these rights may be limited.
Significant values of UNCLOS to Vietnams maritime strategy Significant values of UNCLOS to Vietnam’s maritime strategy
November 16, 2019, is the 25th anniversary of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The Convention is one of the most important achievements of international law and the United Nations in the 20th century and continues to assert its role as the “Constitution of the seas and oceans” in the 21st century.
UNCLOS - important legal instrument to solve maritime issues UNCLOS - important legal instrument to solve maritime issues
The 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is an important legal instrument to regulate maritime issues and ensure legitimate rights and interests of countries, heard the second ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) workshop on implementing UNCLOS in Hanoi on November 13.

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