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Official Gazette

Monday, December 5, 2022
Tags: Gia Long Code
Tonkin Civil Code - A combination between Asian and European laws Tonkin Civil Code - A combination between Asian and European laws
In the early 20th century, after decades of ruling, the French colonialists planned a political reform of Indochina, including Vietnam. In the legal area, they directed the compilation of many new codes in replacement of old feudal laws of the Nguyen dynasty. During this period they promulgated a dozen of new codes, including “Bo Dan Luat Bac Ky” (the Tonkin Civil Code), which was compiled from 1917 and enacted in the name of the Hue royal court in 1931.
Gia Long Code and a new step of feminism Gia Long Code and a new step of feminism
Gia Long Code, compiled by the Northern Citadel Governor Nguyen Van Thanh and promulgated by King Gia Long in 1815 - 13 years after the founding of the Nguyen Dynasty, was the official code of Vietnam in the early Nguyen Dynasty and continued to be applied in the Central Vietnam during the French colonial period.
Vietnams sovereignty over Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagos under Nguyen dynasty Vietnam’s sovereignty over Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagos under Nguyen dynasty
Under its reign, the Nguyen dynasty expanded its territory southward, managed the country in every village, developed a legal system, typically the Gia Long Code, and created some worldwide-recognized heritages such as Hue Imperial City, Hue Royal Court Music, and carved wood blocks. Particularly, it carried on the state management, protection and exercise of the national sovereignty over Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagoes.
Human rights in Vietnams ancient feudal law Human rights in Vietnam’s ancient feudal law
Under the feudal regimes in Vietnam, especially the Le and Nguyen dynasties, the principal basic human rights of people were clearly defined by law and protected by the states.
Ethos of the feudal mandarin regime in Vietnam Ethos of the feudal mandarin regime in Vietnam
Through thousands of years of existence of the feudal regime in Vietnam, many political and legal institutions were created and consolidated. The mandarin regime is one of such institutions. Besides its substantive weaknesses and limitations, the feudal mandarin regime in Vietnam is characterized by its ethos worth of study.
General legal provisions on inheritance from 1945 till now General legal provisions on inheritance from 1945 till now
Setting great store by family and ancestry has long been a Vietnamese tradition. As a result, inheritance has been one of the fundamental institutions of such codes as the Hong Duc Code (the 15th century) and the Gia Long Code (the 19th century) during the feudal time, the Tonkin Civil Code (1931) and the Central Vietnam Civil Code (1936) during the French rule.
Crimes prescribed in penal laws of French-ruled Vietnam Crimes prescribed in penal laws of French-ruled Vietnam
During nearly a century of French domination, there existed simultaneously in Vietnam two administrative systems: The administrative system of the French rulers and the administrative system of the local feudalists who were but the French’s stooges. Consequently, this gave rise to the co-existence of two law systems: the law system of the French rulers and the law system of the Hue Royal Court (the Nguyen dynasty).
Fornication under ancient laws of Vietnam Fornication under ancient laws of Vietnam
According to the Confucian conceptions in the Orient, the women’s virginity as well as the wives’ faithfulness to their husbands were considered among the foremost moral qualifications. Acts of infringing upon such virginity and faithfulness were considered not only immoral acts but also criminal offenses subject to severe punishment by law.
Judiciary offences under Vietnams ancient laws Judiciary offences under Vietnam's ancient laws
Judiciary offenses mean acts of breaching legal proceedings. They were specified in two chapters: “Bo Vong” (Arrest) and “Doan Nguc” (Trial and Imprisonment) of Hong Duc Code (the 15th century) and in two parts of “Bat Nguoi” (Arrest) and “Xu An” (Trial) of “Luat Hinh” (Penal Law) chapter of Gia Long Code (the 19th century).
Falsifies and dishonesties under ancient laws of Vietnam Falsifies and dishonesties under ancient laws of Vietnam
Falsities and dishonesties were arranged by Vietnamese ancient law-makers with full intention into different chapters: “Tra Nguy” (Falsity and Treachery) of Hong Duc Code with 37 Articles, and “Luat Hinh” (Penal Law) of Gia Long Code with 30 Articles. To them, these acts were classified into two types: falsities and dishonesties in public-service relations and falsities and dishonesties in civil relations.

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