The Vietnamese Government will spend VND 516 billion (USD 25 million) to implement a 2016-2020 national program on child labor prevention and elimination.
According to the program, Vietnam will meet international commitments on elimination of the worst forms of child labor by 2016 and minimization of child labor by 2020.
The program, drafted by the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs, comprises five component projects aiming to raise the public awareness about child labor; build a national database on child labor; improve laws and policies on child labor prevention and minimization; build capacity for functional agencies in charge of child labor; and implement models of supporting child labor victims.
Children in Sa Binh Commune, Kon Tum province work as gold partners__Photo: Phuong Hoa/VNA/VNS
The program will be implemented nationwide, focusing on areas with a high number of child workers, especially in informal sectors, agriculture, aquaculture, housework, household handicrafts and mining.
Funds for the program come from central and local budgets, international aid sources and community contributions.
However, Ngo Thi Minh, deputy chairwoman of the National Assembly’s Culture, Education and Youth Committee, there remains inconsistency between specialized laws on the age at which child labor ended and legal labor began. The Law on Child Protection, Care and Education identifies it as 16, while the Labor Code says 15.
According to the first National Child Labor Survey launched in Hanoi in March by the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs and the International Labor Organization, Vietnam had 1.75 million child laborers aged between 5 and 17, accounting for 9.6 percent of the country’s child population, of whom about one-third had to work more than 42 hours per week.-