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Official Gazette

Saturday, January 28, 2023
Multilevel marketing-related crime under Penal Code Multilevel marketing-related crime under Penal Code
In the present reality, it remains difficult for law enforcement agencies to distinguish the crime of violating regulations on multilevel marketing (MLM) activities (specified in Article 217a of the 2015 Penal Code (the Code)) from the crime of appropriating property through swindling or deceiving customers (specified in Article 174 or 198 of the Code) and even from similar civil disputes, due to lack of explicit grounds. In this Article, the authors analyze and clarify the Code’s provisions on MLM-related crimes as well as their inadequacies and make some recommendations for improving those provisions with regard to the crime constituents.
Shareholder litigation right under Vietnams enterprise law Shareholder litigation right under Vietnam’s enterprise law
By exercising their right to initiate lawsuits, shareholders of joint-stock companies become able to protect their own rights and interests against infringements of their companies and corporate managers. However, current relevant regulations still see limitations regarding the shareholder litigation right. This article analyzes such limitations and dwells upon how to better facilitate the proper exercise of this right.
Publication of court judgments and decisions under Vietnams law Publication of court judgments and decisions under Vietnam’s law
In this article, the author would like to provide legal grounds for the publication of court judgments and decisions in Vietnam and analyze benefits from the mandatory publication of court judgments and decisions.
Juvenile justice principles under criminal procedure and penal laws Juvenile justice principles under criminal procedure and penal laws
In this article, the author provides an insight view of fundamental statutory principles for adjudication of offenders aged under 18 years as per the 2015 Criminal Procedure Code and the 2015 Penal Code, with practical problems and limitations encountered by courts, and makes recommendations for better guaranteeing the juvenile justice in conformity with international legal practices.
Development of precedents in the context of judicial reform in Vietnam Development of precedents in the context of judicial reform in Vietnam
In the last two decades, the theoretical and practical issues of court precedents as “case law” have attracted interest of many legal researchers in Vietnam. The term “precedent” first appeared in the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV)’s Political Bureau’s Resolution 48-NQ/TW dated May 24, 2005, on the Strategy to build and improve the Vietnamese legal system by 2010, with a vision toward 2020.
Securing the right to freedom from arbitrary arrest and detention under Vietnamese criminal procedure law Securing the right to freedom from arbitrary arrest and detention under Vietnamese criminal procedure law
As recommended by the International Human Rights Committee, member states should clearly specify the time limit for temporary holding in custody or detention of persons arrested in criminal proceedings. At the same time, when exercising the right to detain or arrest people for custody or temporary detention as preventive measures, competent agencies must secure the rights of the accused and defendants in accordance with law, including the right to have access to legal aid; right to be informed; and right to obtain court rulings on whether the custody or temporary detention is lawful or unlawful.
Protection of female victims under criminal procedure law Protection of female victims under criminal procedure law
This article analyzes the provisions on guarantee of rights and interests of female victims under the 2015 Criminal Procedure Code and proposes solutions for intensifying the protection of women as a vulnerable group in conformity with international law and legal conditions of Vietnam.
Penal liability of legal persons for polluting acts under Vietnams penal code Penal liability of legal persons for polluting acts under Vietnam’s penal code
Environmental pollution has not only caused damage to property and human health and life but also exerted great adverse impacts on the national economy. Criminal laws of Vietnam contain provisions on handling on legal persons’ acts of polluting the environment, covering the examination of their penal liability.
Protection of women under the Penal Code1 Protection of women under the Penal Code[1]
At present, the 2015 Penal Code (revised in 2017) (the Code), as the only source of Vietnam’s penal law, clearly expresses the State’s policies to protect women and translates into domestic laws international standards on the protection of women.
Improving the execution of life imprisonment sentences in the context of judicial reform in Vietnam Improving the execution of life imprisonment sentences in the context of judicial reform in Vietnam
The Law on Execution of Criminal Judgments was passed in 2019 by the National Assembly[1], significantly contributing to the institutionalization of the Party’s guidelines and the State’s humanitarian policy toward convicts and inmates. Since then, the execution of criminal judgments has recorded notable progresses; security and safety of detention and custody facilities have been better guaranteed; and the correctional education of prisoners has become more effective, thus facilitating the exercise of their human rights.

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