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Official Gazette

Sunday, April 11, 2021
Vietnam adapts social security law to Industrial Revolution 4.0 Vietnam adapts social security law to Industrial Revolution 4.0
Dr. Le Thanh Binh Ho Chi Minh National Politics Academy Social security law constitutes a crucial factor contributing to the materialization of socio-political stability and sustainable development objectives. When manual labor is replaced by automation in the economy and robots replace men in various fields, millions of laborers in the world would find themselves unemployed, thus leading to a deeper social class division. Therefore, social security law should be reformed in conformity with such pillars as the Social Insurance Law, Health Insurance Law, Employment Law and Labor Code in order to assist laborers to be adaptable to Industrial Revolution 4.0.
Prevention and combat of corruption in management and protection of precious and rare wildlife Prevention and combat of corruption in management and protection of precious and rare wildlife
Vietnam is amongst countries with high biodiversity in the world where the livelihoods of many people depend on the nature. Unfortunately, the existence of many wildlife species in the country is in danger. There are numerous reasons behind this sad situation and corruption is believed to be one of main causes as it promotes illegal wildlife trade and, therefore, threatens the survival and sustainability of wildlife species.
Vietnams position in negotiating an instrument on biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction Vietnam’s position in negotiating an instrument on biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction
Nguyen Hong Thao and Le Thi Anh Dao The establishment of a legally binding instrument on biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction and Vietnam’s need for participation The access to, use and benefit sharing of biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ) have not been comprehensively governed by existing international law, whilst marine genetic resources are becoming the subject of competition due to substantial economic benefits those resources provide. Cognizant of growing threats to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ), the General Assembly of the United Nations has issued a resolution to establish an Ad Hoc Open-ended Informal Working Group to study BBNJ issues since 2004, followed by the convening of the Intergovernmental Conference with four sessions held between 2018 and 2020 to elaborate the text of the BBNJ instrument .
Foreign court judgments and arbitral awards in Vietnam Foreign court judgments and arbitral awards in Vietnam
On September 25, 2020, the Ministry of Justice published the Database on recognition and enforcement of foreign court judgments and decisions, and of foreign arbitral awards in Vietnam (the Database). Never before had Vietnamese courts been open about their views and opinions of foreign dispute resolution forums.
Online dispute resolution in Vietnam Online dispute resolution in Vietnam
To address the growing number of disputes arising from e-commerce transactions over the recent years while traditional methods of at-court dispute resolution become ineffective, the governments of many countries around the world have adopted online dispute resolution mechanisms, including alternative dispute resolution methods (negotiation, mediation and arbitration) and court proceedings using the Internet as a special tool in part or the whole of the dispute resolution process. This article provides an overview of this process in the country and proposes solutions for increasing the application of online dispute resolution methods.
Vietnam pioneers post-pandemic carbon pricing Vietnam pioneers post-pandemic carbon pricing
Thang Nam Do
Having contained the COVID-19 pandemic, Vietnam is becoming the first developing country to adopt carbon pricing in the post-pandemic period to help guide a cleaner recovery. On November 17, Vietnam’s National Assembly passed the revised Law on Environmental Protection legalizing an emission trading scheme. The law will take effect on January 1, 2022. This policy is expected to strengthen Vietnam’s commitment to greenhouse gas emission reduction under the Paris Agreement on climate change. It paves the way for the country to further tap its significant renewable energy potential, and switch to a low-carbon development model in the post-COVID-19 recovery era.
Tax-related investment arbitration: a critical view from a developing countrys perspective Tax-related investment arbitration: a critical view from a developing country’s perspective
Tax avoidance strategies using offshore indirect transfer have become popular among multinational companies and caused negative impacts on developing countries. This article discusses difficulties that developing countries have been facing in the fight against tax evasion by multinational companies and suggests the way forward to prevent the abuse of investor-state dispute settlement mechanism for tax avoidance in the globe.
Development of environmental industry in Vietnam in the context of Industry 4.0 Development of environmental industry in Vietnam in the context of Industry 4.0
The development of industries in general and of environmental industry in particular is strongly impacted by the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0). In this context, it is necessary to identify global trends and Vietnam’s reality so as to seize opportunities and point out challenges then put forth appropriate solutions to development of the environmental industry in Vietnam.
Overview of Vietnams law on wildlife conservation and protection Overview of Vietnam’s law on wildlife conservation and protection
The increase in human population and illegal wildlife hunting has led to a high risk of biodiversity loss and put many of the animals on the brink of extinction. Being fully aware of the seriousness of the situation, the Vietnamese Government has focused on improving the legal framework on wildlife conservation and protection. This article briefly introduces legal documents related to wildlife conservation and protection, analyzes shortcomings and limitations and puts forth some recommendations for improvement.
Platforms providing cross-border services and the adversity of reversed protection of foreign businesses in Vietnam Platforms providing cross-border services and the adversity of reversed protection of foreign businesses in Vietnam
In the era of Industry 4.0, the physical border gradually becomes invisible when all services are provided and people’s demands are satisfied in the cyberspace where there are no borderline that may prevent any organizations or individuals with adequate capacity, passion and creativity from providing their own services worldwide.

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