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Official Gazette

Saturday, December 4, 2021
Fighting wildlife-related corruption through international cooperation: Analysis and recommendations to improve compatibility between Vietnams law and the UNCAC Fighting wildlife-related corruption through international cooperation: Analysis and recommendations to improve compatibility between Vietnam’s law and the UNCAC
International cooperation has been recognized as a key in the fight against corruption in general and corruption relating to wildlife crime in particular. In order to create a legal basis for international anti-corruption efforts, the United Nations adopted the Convention against Corruption on October 31, 2003. Vietnam became an official State Party to the Convention on August 19, 2009. This article analyzes the Convention’s provisions and Vietnam’s regulations on international cooperation in the fight against corruption, especially those concerning the wildlife, and puts forward some recommendations for making them more compatible with the United Nations Convention against Corruption.
EPR - Effective mechanism for environmental protection EPR - Effective mechanism for environmental protection
The 2020 Law on Environmental Protection and the draft decree detailing the Law both provide the producers’ and importers’ liability to recycle and treat their abandoned products and packages, aiming to apply the extended producer responsibility mechanism in Vietnam. This mechanism has been widely and successfully applied in many countries since the 1990s, to recover abandoned products and packages for recycling and most efficient treatment, thus achieving the dual objectives of environmental protection and economic development.
Central bank digital currency: economic and legal aspects - a vision for Vietnam Central bank digital currency: economic and legal aspects - a vision for Vietnam
Central bank digital currency (CBDC) is a new issue of interest of most central banks and economists and lawmakers in the world. In short, CBDC is a generic term for a version of currency that could use an electronic record or digital token to represent the digital form of a nation’s currency. CBDC is issued and managed directly by the central bank and could be circulated like a traditional currency. This article discusses CBDC’s economic and legal aspects, including CBDC technologies, its advantages and downsides and possible legal reforms for issuance of CBDC.
New points of the 2018 Competition Law with regard to cross-border Mamp;A transactions in Vietnam New points of the 2018 Competition Law with regard to cross-border M&A transactions in Vietnam
Cross-border M&A now has become an effective capital mobilization channel, contributing to the diversity of investment attraction of Vietnam economy, intensifying renovation of growth models, restructuring the economy and diversifying forms of business ownership. Nevertheless, approximately 90 percent of the value of cross-border M&A transactions in Vietnam comes from M&A deals in which foreign enterprises invest or purchase shares in Vietnamese companies.
Viability of the South China Sea Arbitration Award: an analysis Viability of the South China Sea Arbitration Award: an analysis
On July 12, 2016, an international tribunal in the Hague issued its final award in favor of the Philippines against China and addressed a number of legal questions in the South China Sea (known as East Sea in Vietnam). Five years have passed, given that the South China Sea situation remains unresolved and China still rejects the arbitration, this landmark decision has inspired numerous discussions on legal issues and has been considered providing a legal background for the maritime activities taken by various countries in the South China Sea.
Impacts of the law on asset and income surveillance on prevention and combat of illegal wildlife trade Impacts of the law on asset and income surveillance on prevention and combat of illegal wildlife trade
In Vietnam, surveillance of assets and income of office-holders is a measure taken by the State to monitor the quantity, origin of and changes to assets and income, thus detecting and preventing office-holders from taking advantages of their positions and powers to commit corrupt acts. However, the current law does not contain specific provisions on monitoring assets and income of officials and civil servants working in professions directly related to wildlife trade. This situation poses an urgent requirement for improvement of institutions on monitoring assets and income of officials and civil servants in general, and officials and civil servants performing the task of preventing and fighting illegal wildlife trade in particular.
Commentary on the 2020 Enterprise Laws new provisions on joint-stock companies Commentary on the 2020 Enterprise Law’s new provisions on joint-stock companies
Although there are no landmark or breakthrough changes in the 2020 Law on Enterprises, it still provides necessary and timely amendments and supplements, making it easier for businesses and investors as well as state management agencies to navigate. In this article, the author only discusses and clarifies the new basic provisions on joint-stock companies of the 2020 Enterprise Law in order to raise awareness about and help improve effectiveness of enforcement for this type of company.
Publicity and transparency in organization and operation of agencies organizations and units in preventing and combating corruption Publicity and transparency in organization and operation of agencies, organizations and units in preventing and combating corruption
Publicity and transparency in organization and operation of agencies, organizations and units constitute one of the most important anti-corruption measures to help citizens as well as the whole society participate in monitoring the exercise of public power.
Resolutions to disputes and claims about transactions on e-commerce platforms in Vietnam Resolutions to disputes and claims about transactions on e-commerce platforms in Vietnam
In the context of the extensive and pervasive integration of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 and the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic, e-commerce business models have successively surpassed traditional ones. According to the e-Conomy SEA 2020 by Google, Temasek, and Bain & Company, Vietnam’s e-commerce industry grew by 46 percent.
Vietnam adapts social security law to Industrial Revolution 4.0 Vietnam adapts social security law to Industrial Revolution 4.0
Dr. Le Thanh Binh Ho Chi Minh National Politics Academy Social security law constitutes a crucial factor contributing to the materialization of socio-political stability and sustainable development objectives. When manual labor is replaced by automation in the economy and robots replace men in various fields, millions of laborers in the world would find themselves unemployed, thus leading to a deeper social class division. Therefore, social security law should be reformed in conformity with such pillars as the Social Insurance Law, Health Insurance Law, Employment Law and Labor Code in order to assist laborers to be adaptable to Industrial Revolution 4.0.

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