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Official Gazette

Monday, December 16, 2019
Inmate labor under the 2019 Law on Execution of Criminal Judgments Inmate labor under the 2019 Law on Execution of Criminal Judgments
In Vietnam, since 1945 the law on execution of imprisonment sentences has always considered labor a fundamental element of the inmate education regime. According to the traditional theory of combined punishment and education, labor is always a duty of inmates. Under the 2015 Penal Code (revised in 2017) (the Penal Code), inmates must serve their imprisonment sentences and work and learn so as to become useful to the society[1]. Compared to other daily activities of inmates, their working activities are to be carried out throughout their sentence serving period and exert important effects on their education and reform results. Through these activities inmates can learn working skills and generate some incomes for their future community integration. That’s why the Law on Execution of Criminal Judgments (the Law) seeks to improve the inmate labor regime primarily for raising the effectiveness of inmate education and reform.
Corporate liability for offenses against the economic management order in Vietnam Corporate liability for offenses against the economic management order in Vietnam
The 2015 Penal Code (revised in 2017) (the Code) is Vietnam’s first and only code that holds commercial legal persons criminally liable for committing criminal acts. This is a breakthrough in the country’s criminal justice policy and leads to a substantial change in the general perception about crime and punishment. It also applies various penalties to commercial legal persons found liable for crimes[1], including three principal penalties (fine, suspension from operation, and termination of operation), three additional penalties (prohibition from doing business or operating in certain areas, prohibition from raising capital, and fine, when not imposed as a principal penalty), and five judicial measures (confiscation of objects and money directly related to the crime; return of property, redress of or compensation for damage; coerced public apology; coerced restoration to the original state; and coerced application of measures to redress and prevent further consequences).
Information technology and telecoms-related crimes under Vietnams Penal Code Information technology and telecoms-related crimes under Vietnam’s Penal Code
In order to have legal grounds to prevent and properly punish increasingly sophisticated crimes related to information technology and telecommunications (ITT) networks, which could cause very serious consequences to socio-economic activities, national defense and security, ITT-related criminal acts need to be prescribed in the Penal Code as well as specialized laws[1]. In the 2015 Penal Code (revised in 2017) (the Code), these acts are grouped into nine crimes in Section 2 of Chapter XXI[2].
Redefining criminal policies against the backdrop of the fourth industrial revolution Redefining criminal policies against the backdrop of the fourth industrial revolution
The fourth industrial revolution has brought about numerous opportunities and posed great challenges[1] to the society in general and criminal justice in particular as there are numerous important fields directly and deeply impacted by this revolution[2]. This requires a fresh perception of criminal policies, including criminalization and decriminalization policies, as well as a new approach in the prevention and combat of newly emerging crimes, which must be based on the Party’s viewpoints and guidelines, the State’s overall socio-economic and international integration policies and regulations[3], historical-traditional conditions and crime prevention and combat practice. The globalization of criminal jurisdiction also requires the State to develop new criminal policies and reorganize the criminal justice system in order to clearly identify, effectively prevent, respond to and combat newly emerging crimes, particularly those against the national security and sovereignty, social order and safety, human and citizens’ rights.
First-instance jurisdiction to try commercial legal persons in Vietnam First-instance jurisdiction to try commercial legal persons in Vietnam
First-instance jurisdiction to hear criminal cases where defendants are commercial legal persons is determined by the reason of the matter involved, the person concerned or the place. This article analyses the 2015 Criminal Procedure Code’s provisions on the penal liability examination procedures and first-instance jurisdiction to try commercial legal persons and propose revisions to Vietnam’s current criminal procedure law in this regard.
Legal aid in Vietnams criminal justice Legal aid in Vietnam’s criminal justice
Under the 2017 Law on Legal Aid, legal aid is defined as the provision of pro-bono legal services to legal aid beneficiaries in legal aid cases or matters, contributing to guaranteeing citizens’ right of access to justice and equality before law. As compared to the 2006 Law on Legal Aid, this provision no longer mentions objectives of legal aid activities such as improving legal knowledge and sense of law observance and contributing to law dissemination and popularization and violation prevention and control. This aims at shifting focus on helping beneficiaries in legal proceedings, securing justice and more effectively protecting their lawful rights and interests.
Control of judicial power in Vietnam Control of judicial power in Vietnam
The 2013 Constitution of Vietnam provides that the state power is unified and delegated to state agencies which coordinate with and control one another in the exercise of legislative, executive and judicial powers. It also provides, for the first time, that people’s courts are judicial bodies of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and exercise judicial power. On principle, to ensure the exercise of the state power in general and the legislative and executive powers in particular, it is necessary to build a law-ruled state with a strong judiciary system. However, since judicial power is the last one of the three powers which decides and judges the appropriateness of social relations, control of this power always requires special mechanisms and policies.
Penalties against corporate offenders under Vietnams penal law Penalties against corporate offenders under Vietnam’s penal law
When deciding penalties to be imposed on commercial legal persons (corporate offenders), the court will base itself on the 2015 Penal Code (revised in 2017) (the Code) to consider the nature and extent of social danger of their committed crimes as well as circumstances affecting their penal liability.
The core value of the judiciary is to deliver justice for all The core value of the judiciary is to deliver justice for all
Chief Justice of the Supreme People’s Court Nguyen Hoa Binh last month attended an international conference entitled “Judicial Excellence in Response to Today’s Challenges” in Bangkok, Thailand. Vietnam Law and Legal Forum would like to publish his speech delivered at this event, which highlights the recent endeavors of Vietnam’s court system to deliver court excellence as well as future policies for reform.
Evidence and sources of evidence under the Criminal Procedure Code Evidence and sources of evidence under the Criminal Procedure Code
In criminal procedure, evidence plays a particularly important role in all criminal proceedings, from investigation, prosecution to trial, serving as a tool to prove or identify facts and circumstances significant to the settlement of criminal cases. This article analyzes provisions on evidence and sources of evidence in Vietnam’s criminal procedure law.

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