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Official Gazette

Friday, October 7, 2022

Le Quang Dao and his contributions to the National Assembly

Updated: 10:57’ - 01/12/2011

Phuong Thao

Through over 60 years of his revolutionary activities in different fields and different leading positions, Le Quang Dao made tireless efforts for national independence and freedom as well as for the communist ideal.

In the capacity as National Assembly Chairman (1987-1992), he made important contributions to the comprehensive and profound renewal of the organization and operation of the National Assembly, expanding democracy and building a socialist state ruled by law.

A bright example of dedication to the revolution and people

Born under the name of Nguyen Duc Nguyen on August 8, 1921, in Dinh Bang commune, Tien Son district, Bac Ninh province (now Dinh Bang ward, Tu Son town, Bac Ninh province), Le Quang Dao, inheriting the patriotic tradition of his native place and family, was early awakened to the revolutionary ideas. At the age of 17, he joined the Democratic Youth Union, then the Anti-Imperialist Youth Union led by the Communist Party. Two years later, he was admitted to the Indochinese Communist Party.

With the assistance and fostering by senior revolutionaries, Le Quang Dao became a talented young cadre working as provincial Party committee secretary in many important localities such as Bac Ninh, Phuc Yen, Hai Phong and Hanoi.

Serving in the army for 28 years (1950-1978), he fought at various battlefronts: the border campaign, Dien Bien Phu, Khe Sanh, Quang Tri, Road 9- southern Laos…, and, together with army officers and men, achieved glorious exploits and splendidly accomplished tasks, thus contributing to the Vietnamese people’s great victories in the wars of resistance against the French colonialists and the US imperialists for national reunification. With his great contributions, Le Quang Dao was awarded the rank of major general in 1958 and lieutenant general in 1974.

Holding the position of chairman of the National Assembly, then vice-chairman of the State Council for six years (1987-1993), he made numerous important contributions to the renewal of the organization and operation of the National Assembly, enhancing its constitutional and legislative role to institutionalize the Party’s resolutions into laws, meeting the national management requirements and serving the cause of comprehensive national renewal.

In addition, with 17 years’ participation in the Presidium of the Vietnam Fatherland Front Central Committee (1982-1999), in his capacity as Secretary of the Party delegation to the Front for 12 years (1987-1999) and President of the Presidium of the Vietnam Fatherland Front Central Committee for five years (1994-1999), he creatively contributed to building the Front and consolidating the national unity bloc.

Through over 60 years of his revolutionary activities, he always displayed his loyalty and dedication to the revolution and people. He was a talented, virtuous and knowledgeable leader, living an honest, modest and simple life, always respecting and listening to ideas of others.

He was conferred many noble titles and awards by the Party and the State: the 50 years membership in the Communist Party badge, Golden Star Order, Ho Chi Minh Order, first-class Military Exploit Order, first-class Victory Order, first-class Itsala Order awarded by the Lao State, etc.

He passed away on July 24, 1999.

His important contributions to the National Assembly

In 1987, at the fist session of the VIIIth National Assembly, Le Quang Dao was elected Chairman of the National Assembly.

In this capacity, he made important contributions to the comprehensive and profound renewal of the organization and operation of the National Assembly, the country’s highest state-power organ.

He actively stepped up constitutional and legislative activities of the National Assembly for institutionalization of the Party’s resolutions, meeting the requirements of running the country by law. He devoted his might and main to the drafting of the 1992 Constitution (which was promulgated on April 18, 1992) in conformity to the Party’s 1991 Political Platform for renewal.

Under his chairmanship, the VIIIth National Assembly and the State Council discussed and decided on important national issues, and passed many important laws and ordinances, including the Land Law (promulgated on January 8, 1988); the Law on Foreign Investment in Vietnam (promulgated on January 9, 1988); the Company Law (promulgated on January 2, 1991); the Law on Private Enterprises (promulgated on January 2, 1991); the Law on Election of National Assembly Deputies (promulgated on April 18, 1992); the Law on Organization of the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (promulgated on April 18, 1992); the Ordinance on Labor Contracts (promulgated on September 10, 1990); the Ordinance on Economic Arbitration (promulgated on January 12, 1990); and the Ordinance on Citizens’ Complaints and Denunciations (promulgated on May 7, 1991).

He also attached importance to theoretical and practical matters and renewal of working style, raising the efficacy of the National Assembly’s activities and building a law-ruled socialist state.

His parliamentary speeches and writings stressed the promotion of the people’s mastery; building of a clean and firm state; and improvement of Party leadership over the State in the new situation.

He also contributed important ideas on economic, social, security, defense, external-relation matters as well as the Party building.

In leading the National Assembly, he knew how to bring into full play the collective intelligence, ensuring the principle of democratic centralism while promoting democracy so that National Assembly deputies boldly express their ideas. In the early years of national renewal, the National Assembly successfully tackled many difficult issues such as the creation of a single price level, the abolition of the distribution-ticket regime without causing price hikes, the reform of the salary system and rational salary raise. During hot debates on these matters, Le Quang Dao always created an ebullient and democratic atmosphere for a final consensus.

Since the VIIIth legislature (1987), the qualifications of National Assembly deputies have been raised to a high level and the quality of National Assembly sessions has been markedly improved, thus meeting the national requirements in the new situation. Such achievements cannot be separated from the great services rendered by Le Quang Dao - a prestigious National Assembly chairman respected by people at home and abroad.-


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