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Official Gazette

Monday, September 26, 2022

National assembly sets sights high

Updated: 14:25’ - 27/11/2007

The XIIth National Assembly (NA) ended its second session on November 21, having determined to achieve the target of a gross domestic product growth of 8.5-9%.

It also set other basic socio-economic development targets for 2008, including a 20-22% export revenue increase, a social development investment capital representing 42% of the GDP, a consumer price index hike lower than the country’s economic growth, a 1.7 million job generation, a 11-12% reduction of poor households, 75% of rural people and 85% of urban people having access to clean water. 

By 2010, land use right certificates will be granted for land of all categories nationwide so that the NA will have a basis for adoption of the land use planning to 2020 and the land use plan to 2015.

According to the NA Resolution passed on November 12, right in 2008, the nation strives to achieve a high sustainable economic growth rate and surpass the level identified to be a low-income developing country. It will also focus on developing the infrastructure system, effectively implementing its commitments in international economic integration and improving human resources quality. 

In addition, the nation will promote the system of public health care and scientific and technological research and application, effectively settle traffic problems, environmental pollution and pressing social problems, accelerate administrative reform and improve the efficiency of the state apparatus.

In implementation of the Resolution, the NA emphasized such issues as timely disbursement and efficient use of investment capital; control of quality and safety of construction works; enhanced management of financial and monetary domains; control of inflation, and improvement of the banking law.

The NA plans to promulgate policies to encourage economic sectors, organizations and individuals to invest in the development of education and training, culture and healthcare and other public services.

It will further accelerate the salary reform and administrative reform, improve labor recruitment mechanisms and policies, and map out specific measures to raise the effectiveness of judicial bodies, step up the settlement of citizens’ complaints and denunciations, and heighten the personal responsibility of heads of agencies and units.

Legislative work

At its month-long session from October 22-November 21, the NA passed seven laws, including the Law on Personal Income Tax, the Law on Product and Goods Quality, the Law Against Domestic Violence, the Law Against Contagious Diseases, the Law on Chemicals, the Law on Amnesty, and the Law on Judicial Assistance.

Income of over VND 4 million to be taxed

According to the Law on Personal Income Tax, which will take effect on January 1, 2009, the taxation threshold is VND 4 million (250 USD) per month, and the lowest marginal tax rate is reduced from 10 per cent to 5 per cent, while the highest rate from 40 per cent to 35 per cent.

Social and health insurance and deduction items for family hardship will be excluded from income before it is taxed.

To develop the capital and securities markets, the Law’s Article 23 states the tax rate levied on personal income from capital and securities will be cut down from 25 per cent to 20 per cent.

Any citizens who face difficulties from natural disasters, fires, accidents and fatal diseases may be eligible for a tax reduction equivalent to his/her losses but not exceeding tax payments.    

The law also states not to levy taxes on foreign currency remittances in order to attract investment and foreign capital.

Persons having been convicted twice are not eligible for amnesty

With 88.64% of votes for, the NA passed the Amnesty Law which will come into force on March 1, 2008.

The law stipulates that in order to be considered for amnesty, a prisoner must have executed at least one third of his/her prison term if he/she is convicted to termed imprisonment or at least 14 years if he/she is convicted to life imprisonment, and have fully paid fines or compensation, if any. Persons who are being examined for penal liability for other crimes, have earlier been granted amnesty or have been twice convicted, are not eligible for amnesty.

Vietnamese citizens will not be extradited to foreign countries

That is provided for by the Law on Judicial Assistance, which governs judicial assistance in civil and criminal cases, extradition and handover of prisoners.

The law stipulates that judicial assistance will be effected on the principles of independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-interference into each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefits, conformity with Vietnam’s Constitution and laws and treaties to which Vietnam is a contracting party.

Toxic chemicals must not be used in hunting

The 10-chapter and 71-article Chemicals Law applies to organizations and individuals involved in chemical activities and related activities in the Vietnamese territory. It defines prohibited acts, including failure to publicize necessary information, supply of incomplete or wrong information on toxic chemicals or products containing those chemicals; use of banned chemicals, chemicals of poor quality or chemicals in excess of the permitted limits in production, food or medicament preservation. Toxic chemicals must not be used for hunting animals or committing acts damaging people’s health, property or the environment.

Consumers to get compensation for unsafe products and goods

The Law on Product and Goods Quality prescribes consumer rights, including the right to be supplied with truthful information on safety and quality of goods, and given instructions on the transportation, preservation and use of products and goods, and warranty. Consumers may request sellers to repair defective goods or exchange for new ones. They may also get compensation if the goods fail to conform to contracts and are unsafe for them. The law will take effect on July 1, 2008.

Violence between men and women living together without marriage registration is in violation of law

Violence between men and women without marriage registration or between those who have been divorced but still live together as wife and husband is considered domestic violence, according to the law passed by the NA on November 21.

The Law Against Domestic Violence says that violators will, depending on the nature and severity of their violations, be administratively sanctioned or examined for penal liability. The State encourages and creates conditions for organizations and individuals to set up establishments in support of victims of domestic violence.

People suffering serious damage due to expanded vaccination to get compensation from the State

Under the 6-chapter and 63-article Law Against Contagious Diseases, organizations and individuals producing, trading in or preserving vaccines or medical biologicals and those involved in vaccination and use of vaccines are liable for any damage caused to others by their faults. The State will pay compensation to persons who suffer health damage due to expanded vaccination.

The Law Against Domestic Violence and the Law Against Contagious Diseases will take effect on July 1, 2008.

On November 21, the NA also passed a resolution on its legislative activities. Accordingly, its legislative program for the whole XIIth tenure covers 128 bills and draft ordinances, including 83 bills and 10 draft ordinances in the official program and 35 bills in the tentative program. In 2008 alone, the NA is expected to consider and approve 54 laws and ordinances, of which 44 are listed in the official agenda and 10 others are tentative. From next year, the NA will enhance its oversight in examining reports of concerned agencies, answers to questions of deputies and theme-based oversight reports.-

VNL_KH1 

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