(the 10th Tenure)
COMMUNIST PARTY OF VIETNAM
BASICALLY A MODERNITY-ORIENTED INDUSTRIAL COUNTRY
(Political Report of the Communist Party of Vietnam's 10th Central Committee
to the 11th National Party Congress)
The 11th National Party Congress convenes at a time when the Party and the people as a whole have concluded the first decade of the 21st century by successfully implementing many guidelines and tasks of the 10th Party Congress' Resolution; undertaken 25 years of renewal, 20 years’ implementation of the "Political Program for National Construction During the Period of Transition to Socialism" (the 1991 Political Program) and 10 years’ implementation of the Strategy for Socio-Economic Development for 2001-2010. The Congress is tasked with reviewing the implementation of the 10th Party Congress' Resolution and mapping out orientations and tasks in the five-year period of 2011-2015; reviewing the implementation of the ten-year Strategy for Socio-Economic Development for 2001-2010 and deciding the ten-year Strategy for Socio-Economic Development for 2011-2020; reviewing, supplementing and developing the 1991 Political Program; reviewing the leadership of the 10th Party Central Committee; supplementing and revising the Party Statutes; and electing the 11th Party Central Committee (the 2011-2015 Tenure).
The Congress is of great significance to the extent that it guides the whole Party and people to further enhance the Party's leadership capacity and combativeness, bring into full play the entire nation's strength, comprehensively boost the renewal process, and lay a foundation for the country to become basically a modernity-oriented industrial country by 2020, and to become a modern industrial country with socialist orientation by the mid-21st century.
I- REVIEWING THE FIVE YEARS’ IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 10TH PARTY CONGRESS'S RESOLUTION; LOOKING BACK ON 10 YEARS’ IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STRATEGY FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FOR 2001-2010, AND 20 YEARS’ IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 1991 POLITICAL PROGRAM
During the past five years, the world has seen complicated and unpredictable developments. Although peace, co-operation and development remain a major trend, local wars, armed conflicts, terrorism, socio-political instability, and sovereign and territorial disputes remained in many places with complicated developments. Natural disasters, epidemics, energy crisis, environmental pollution, and climate change have become serious issues on global scale. The financial crisis that originated in the United States have spread out to become a global financial crisis and economic downturn.
Since the 10th Party Congress, our country has enjoyed favorable conditions for development and became a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO). However, since the end of 2007 and early 2008, the country's economy and people's life have confronted with numerous difficulties. Hostile forces continued their sabotage acts, stirred up subversive unrest, and intensified "peaceful evolution" maneuver. In this context, our entire Party and people have strived to overcome difficulties and challenges, and recorded important achievements in fulfilling the objectives and tasks set by the 10th Party Congress, though many shortcomings and weaknesses remain to be addressed.
A - ACHIEVEMENTS
1. The economy has overcome numerous difficulties and challenges; macro-economic stability has basically maintained; economic growth rate is maintained at satisfactory level; potential and scale of the economy has been on the rise; the country has lifted itself from underdevelopment.
The average economic growth rate was estimated at 7 percent annually during the past five years. Total social investment capital was 2.5 times higher than that of the 2001-2005 period, accounting for 42.7 percent of GDP. Despite the global financial crisis and economic downturn, our country has attracted foreign investment capital at a high level. In 2010, estimated GDP by current price is $101.6 billion, 3.26 times higher than that of 2000; the average GDP per capita is $1,168. Most sectors and areas of the economy have achieved satisfactory results of development. The stable development of agriculture, especially food production, has ensured national food security. The rural economy and farmers' life have been improved. The focus on investment to building rural infrastructure, developing new breeds of high quality and productivity, and developing industrial complex, trading villages and home craft, etc. has produced positive effect on production, job creation, and hunger eradication and poverty reduction. Industrial products have been more plentiful and diversified; quality has been improved; competitiveness has gradually increased, thus ensuring supply and demand of the economy, firmly upholding domestic market share and expanding export markets. Investment has also been used to developing a number of new industries and high-tech sectors. The services sector has experienced stable growth rate. Economic structure has further been shifted along the line of industrialization and modernization. Labor structure has also been positively shifted.
Socialist-oriented market economy institutions have been further built and perfected; the Party's renewal guidelines and orientations have been further institutionalized in laws, and regulations and policies have been more adequate and synchronous; investment and business environment has been improved; market elements and various markets have been further taken shape and developed; multi-sector economy has seen steps of intensive development. The strengthening of State corporations and pilot establishment of State economic groups have seen certain achievements. In the 2006-2010 period, the country's enterprises have increased 2.3 times in terms of quantity and 7.3 times in terms of capital compared to five years earlier. Joint-stock enterprises have become a common type of production and business.
2. Progress has been made in education and training, science and technology, culture and social fields; the protection of natural resources and environment has been given more attention; the living standards of people from all strata have been improved.
Education renewal has seen initial results. Budget for education and training accounts for over 20 percent of the overall budget expenditure; attention has been paid to the mobilization of social resources for education and training, development of education and training in hinterland and remote areas, difficulty-ridden and ethnic minority areas. Education scope has further been enlarged. As of 2010, all provinces and cities have achieved secondary education universalization. The ratio of trained workers has been on the rise, reaching 40 percent of the total workers in 2010. Research and application of scientific and technological advances have been strengthened, thus contributing to promoting socio-economic development. Innovation has been seen in the management of science and technology, including the implementation of the self-control mechanism in science and technology business units. The science and technology market has initially been taken shape. Investment in science and technology has been increased.
Job creation, hunger eradication and poverty reduction, and implementation of the policy on people and families with meritorious services to the country and social welfare policies have recorded positive results. Over the past five years, jobs have been created for more than eight million workers; the rate of unemployment in urban areas has been brought down to below 4.5 percent; the rate of poor households has been reduced to 9.5 percent. Certain important results have been made in population and family planning work, care and protection of people's health, and gender equality and women advancement; the level of people's access to healthcare services has increased, especially that of children, poor people, and ethnic minorities. The Human Development Index has increased steadily. Vietnam has accomplished most of the UN Millennium Development Goals.
Cultural activities, literature and arts, information, physical education and sports activities have been broadened, gradually meeting the people's higher cultural demands. The movement for "the entire people to unite and build a cultural life" has gradually grown in depth.
There has been higher awareness of environmental protection. The prevention and solving of environmental deterioration and pollution has been given attention and recorded some positive results. Progress has been made in the conservation of nature and protection of biodiversity. The national program to respond to climate change has been implemented at early stages.
3. National defense and security and external relations have been strengthened
National independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity, socialist system, political security, and social order and safety have been firmly maintained. All-people national defense and people's security posture have been consolidated; national defense and security potentials have been strengthened, especially in strategic, important and complicated areas. Education work in imparting national defense and security knowledge has been carried out on a large scale. More attention has been paid to co-ordination among national defense, security and external affairs.
The People's Army and People's Police have been further consolidated and built towards regular, well-trained, revolutionary and gradually modernized forces. They are truly trusted forces of the Party, State and people and have well fulfilled their advisory role and contributed to proactively preventing and defeating the hostile forces' ploys of "peaceful evolution", unrest, violent disturbance and subversion; effectively prevented and dealt with activities of political opportunism and crimes, especially dangerous and organized crimes, drug crimes, foreigner-related crimes, hi-tech-used crimes, offensive weapons-used crimes, crimes against persons on duty; actively and effectively participated in socio-economic programs, rescue activities, prevention of and response to natural disasters.
External relations have been broadened and further developed in depth, creating a new position and strength for the country. This is demonstrated by the development of relations with neighboring countries; the establishment and upgrading of relation frameworks with important partners; the accomplishment of land border demarcation and landmark planting along the Vietnam-China borderline; the thickening of the Viet Nam-Laos landmark system; the partial accomplishment of land border demarcation and landmark planting along the Vietnam-Cambodia borderline; the initial negotiations with China regarding the demarcation of the waters off the Tonkin Gulf and the promotion of negotiations with concerned countries regarding the demarcation of the south-west waters. Vietnam has actively and responsibly participated in regional and international fora; successfully undertaken its non-permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council; made an important contribution to building the ASEAN community and ASEAN charter and successfully fulfilled its chairmanship of ASEAN and AIPA. The Party's relations with communist and workers' parties, left parties, ruling parties and some other parties, and people-to-people relations have been further expanded. Positive results have been recorded in work relating to Vietnamese overseas. Vietnam has fully implemented its international commitments and held open and frank dialogues on freedom, democracy and human rights.
Our country joined the World Trade Organization and concluded bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements with a number of important partners; broadened and strengthened cooperation with various partners; made an important contribution to building and enlarging Vietnam's commodity and services markets, and investment, attracting foreign direct investment, and making use of ODA and other international assistance.
4. Socialist democracy has made progress; the strength of great national unity has been consolidated
The Party and State continued to map out many guidelines and policies in order to further promote the people's right as the owner, ensure the people's interests and their supervisory role over the operation of Party organizations, State agencies, cadres, Party members, and civil servants. Many innovations have been seen in mass mobilization work of the political system, both in terms of contents and forms. Party committees and administrations have listened to and strengthened dialogues with people from various walks of life, respecting different opinions. Democracy within the Party, organizations and the society has been broadened and promoted; the people's right as the owner has been further promoted. The protection of citizens' legitimate rights and interests and the settlement of law-breaking acts have been given due attention.
The great national unity bloc based on the working class-peasantry-intelligentsia alliance under the Party's leadership has been further broadened and intensified with an agreed goal for a prosperous people, a strong country and an equitable, democratic and civilized society. The Vietnam Fatherland Front and mass organizations have done a better role of rallying and building the great national unity bloc; consolidated and widened the organization, developed membership, and organized many emulation movements and campaigns with practical results; together with the State, cared for and protected the people's legitimate rights and interests, participated in the governance of the State and society, actively contributing to the country's achievements.
5. The building of a socialist law-governed State has been accelerated; effectiveness and efficiency of its operation have been heightened
The National Assembly has been further improved in terms of organization, carried out many innovations, thus improved the quality of its performance. The legal system has been supplemented. The National Assembly's oversight work has focused on the most urgent and important issues of the country. The discussions and decisions on socio-economic development plans, State budget estimates, and national key projects have shown higher quality and more substantial results. The National Assembly Standing Committee, the Ethnic Council and National Assembly’s Committees have made many improvements regarding contents and methods of their operation and highlighted the responsibility of National Assembly deputies.
The structure and organization of the Government have been rearranged, adjusted and streamlined toward the development of multi-branch and multi-domain authorities. Governance of the Government and its ministries has become more dynamic, paying more attention to macro management and solutions to major and important issues. Further attention has been paid to administrative reform; administrative procedures have been reviewed and initially been synchronized into a single set of procedures which is widely publicized. Attentive direction has been given to the pilot innovation of the organization and mechanism of the administrations and many lessons have been learnt from this process (the removal of people's councils at district and commune levels).
Certain innovations have been seen in the organization and operation of judicial agencies. Initial results have been recorded in jurisdiction for district courts, improvement of litigation quality at the trials, and empowerment of the role of lawyers in legal proceedings. The implementation of the proceedings is getting better, thus help limit the number of unjust investigation, prosecution, trial or criminal miss-out. The quality of investigation, prosecution, trial and execution has been improved.
The implementation of Resolution No 3 of the Central Committee (10th Tenure) on the enhancement of the Party's leadership in the prevention of and fight against corruption and wastefulness and in the enforcement of the Anti-corruption Law and the Law on Thrift Practice and Wastefulness Combat has received attentive direction and achieved certain results. Many corruption cases have been brought to trial. Wastefulness and corruption in certain areas have been gradually curbed.
6. Party building and rectification work has been enhanced and gained positive results
In theoretical work, many theoretical and practical issues of the renewal process, emerging evolutions of the world, and scientific and revolutionary values of Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh thoughts have been proactively studied; the review, supplement and development of the 1991 Political Program and the building the Strategy for socio-economic development in the 10 year period of 2011-2020 and other documents for submission to the 11th Party Congress have become a focus in theoretical work of the Party.
Innovations have been seen in communication and political and ideological education work. The task of building ethics for cadres, Party members and people has been further emphasized; guiding work has been done and initial results have been made in the campaign of "Studying and following Ho Chi Minh's moral example", attached with the task of Party building and rectification; the fight against "peaceful evolution" and the rejection of wrong perspectives and hostile forces' propaganda have been carried out more actively. Information and communication activities, press and publishing work have been adequately led and guided; due attention has been paid to the prevention and correction of deviations, especially acts deviated from goals and mottoes. External communication work has been intensified. The majority of cadres, Party members and people are pleased and confident in the Party and State, the renewal process and the prospect for development of the country. Positive thinking remains the mainstream in social life.
Organizational and personnel work have been carried out in a relatively unified manner. The organizational apparatus of Party and State agencies has been reorganized and consolidated toward streamlining and improved efficiency. Regulations on functions, tasks, operating methods, and working procedures of each organization have been developed and supplemented; many regulations on coordination mechanisms between agencies of the political system have been issued. The organization and operation of Party caucuses, designated Party representations in executive and judiciary bodies at central and provincial levels, designated Party representation and Party organization model in business units of the Government have been reviewed for lesson drawing and clarification.
Many guidelines, viewpoints and great solutions on personnel work have been institutionalized and specified into rules and regulations. Management, evaluation, selection, planning, training, retraining, transfer, assignment, employment, and implementation of personnel policies have been done in a relatively unified manner, of which cadres planning, training and transfer have seen positive improvements. Decentralization in personnel work has been enhanced. The contingent of personnel has been supplemented in terms of quantity and at the same time great importance has been attached to improving its quality.
The consolidation and enhancement of Party leadership capacity and combativeness of Party organizations and the quality enhancement of cadres and Party members have recorded certain results; more attention has been paid to the building and consolidation of grassroots Party organizations in important and disadvantaged areas and sectors. The functions and tasks of various types of grassroots Party organizations have been more appropriately determined. The recruitment, management, and quality improvement of Party members have been adequately directed. The number of newly admitted Party members has increased annually; the ratio of new members who are young, female, intellectuals and from ethnic minorities has increased compared to the previous term. After more than two years’ implementation of Decision No 15-QĐ/TW on Party members doing private business, many Party members who previously worked for Party and State organizations, socio-political organizations, the army and State-owned enterprises have involved in doing private business to legitimately improve their economic conditions and make positive contributions to the socio-economic development of the country.
The protection of internal politics has received adequate guidance from Party committees and Party organizations; problems related to the political backgrounds have been further dealt with and in the meantime special attention has been given to studying and dealing with current political issues.
The Party's control and supervision work has been given due attention with increased quality and efficiency. Party committees at all levels have successfully directed the inspection of implementation of the Party's resolutions and directives, projects and programs, land use and management, investment in basic construction, fighting corruption and wastefulness, thrift practice and personnel work; strictly handled cases of Party members and organizations involved in wrongdoings, contributing to the prevention of violations, enforcement of discipline and order, and promotion of the performance of political tasks. Functions, duties, authority, organizational structure, and operating conditions of inspection commissions and inspection agencies at all levels have been further clarified.
The modes of Party leadership have been further innovated, ensuring the Party leadership while further promoting initiatives and creativity of the organizations in the political system. The expansion and promotion of democracy within the Party have been emphasized; direct election of standing committees, secretaries, deputy secretaries at Party congresses has been piloted. Working styles and procedures of the Party's leading bodies from central to grassroots levels have been further improved towards closely following the grassroots, strong ties with the people and enhanced supervision, control and monitoring.
B - SHORTCOMINGS AND WEAKNESSES
1. Economic development is not sustainable; quality, efficiency and competitiveness remain low and incommensurate with the potential, opportunities and development requirements of the country; certain targets have not been reached.
Economic growth has been achieved mainly in terms of width through increased investment and exploitation of natural resources; the macro-economic balance is not stable. Manufacturing and processing industry develops slowly; processing and assembling work still represents a large share. Economic structure among industries and areas has positively shifted, but at a slow pace. Structure within each industry has not been fully rational. Labor productivity remains very low compared to other countries in the region. National competitiveness has been slowly improved. Investment is still disbursed widely. Efficiency of investment capital use is low and there remains wastefulness and loss of investment capital, particularly investment capital of the State. Infrastructure system has developed slowly and non-synchronously, especially that in ethnic minority areas. Quality of many basic construction projects remains poor. Wastefulness and non-high efficiency still exist in the management, exploitation and use of natural resources. Illegal exploitation of forests and minerals still occurred in many places and there have not been effective and timely measures to stop the problem. Gaps in development levels between regions are big and tend to widen. Targets of economic growth (GDP) and economic structure shifting set by the 10th Party Congress have not been reached.
Adequate attention has not been paid to the factors which ensure socialist orientation of the market economy. Certain State corporations and enterprises suffered business losses, leading to pressing concerns in the society. Direction to renovate and develop collective economy, State-run farms and afforestation yards has been slow and confused; the quality of making and implementation of development plans in certain sectors and regions, especially land use planning and minerals use planning, remains poor, causing wastefulness and big loss. Confusion, loopholes and inadequate control have been seen sometimes in market management, especially in the real estate market and financial market, leading to speculation and illicit enrichment for certain people; many points in distribution policies remain irrelevant.
2. Many shortcomings and weaknesses still remain in the fields of education and training, science and technology, culture, social affairs, and environment, leading to pressing concerns in the society.
The quality of education and training has failed to meet the requirements of the development, especially that of high-level human resources training; there has not been a vigorous shift in education and training to meet demands of the society. The relationship between increasing the quantity and scale and improving the quality, and between teaching literacy and educating people has not been properly resolved. Programs, contents, teaching and learning methods remain obsolete and slow in renewal; education structure is not reasonable between various educational domains; the quality of comprehensive education has declined and failed to meet the requirements of industrialization and modernization. Confusion remains in the State governance of education. The trend of commercialization and the decline of morality in the education sector has been slowly remedied with poor effect and is becoming a pressing concern of the society.
Science and technology have not really become driving forces and have not closely linked to the objectives and tasks of socio-economic development. The science and technology market remains primitive and fails to create an effective connection between research, training and business and production. Investment in science and technology remains low and has not been used effectively. Technology level is generally backward and slow in renewal.
Shortage of jobs remains high. Wage and income policies have failed to encourage cadres, civil servants and workers to become loyal and dedicated to their jobs. A part of the population, especially those in mountainous and remote areas, continue to live with many difficulties. Hunger elimination and poverty reduction have not been sustainable; the ratio of re-impoverishment is high. The rich-poor gap remains relatively big and is widening. The quality of health care remains low; the health care system and the quality of health care services have failed to meet medical demands of the people, especially that of the poor people, the people in hinterland and remote areas and the people in ethnic minority areas. Food safety and hygiene has not been closely controlled.
Cultural development has not been commensurate with economic growth. Management has been lax in the fields of culture, literature and arts, press and publication. Cultural environment suffers harm by miscellaneous and unsound factors which are unfamiliar with habits and customs. Social evils, crime and the penetration of harmful products and services which degrade people's morality, especially those within adolescents and youngsters, are worrying problems.
The development of laws and policies on environmental protection has been slow and lax in enforcement, resulting in low efficiency and effectiveness. The environment in many areas has been further degraded; in certain areas, the problem has become alarming. Research and forecasting work on the impacts of climate change has not been done actively; the consequences of natural disasters remain severe.
Socialization work has not been strengthened; there have not been many resources outside the State budget mobilized for the development of education and training, science and technology, culture and for the tackling of social and environmental issues.
3. Certain shortcomings still remain in the fields of national defense, security and external relations
A number of the 10th Party Congress' viewpoints and guidelines on the tasks of national defense and security have not been timely realized. A number of cadres and Party members' awareness on all-people national defense and people's security is not complete and profound; they lack vigilance over the "peaceful evolution" scheme of hostile forces and over internal "self-evolution" and “self-transformation”. Shortcomings still exist in security protection in certain sectors; the handling of complex situations arising at the grassroots has been passive at some times and in certain places; crime, social evils, political security and social order and safety in certain places remain complicated. Socio-economic development has not been closely combined with strengthening national defense and security, especially in strategic regions, seas and islands. Defense and security industry has not met the equipment requirements for the armed forces.
Strategic research and forecasting on external relations has shown weaknesses in certain aspects. Coordination among the Party's external relations, State diplomacy and people's diplomacy and among external politics, external economy and external culture has not been properly synchronized.
4. Democracy and the strength of great national unity have not been brought into full play
The people's right as the owner in certain places and in certain areas has still been violated. The practice of democracy remains formalistic and in some cases has been abused to sow internal division and discordance and to undermine social order and safety.
The Party's guidelines and viewpoints on the great national unity and the rights and interests of the people of all strata have not been fully institutionalized into laws; in other cases, they have been institutionalized into laws but these laws have not been strictly enforced; control and supervision work has not been done regularly; there has been a gap between policy and actual implementation. Work to communicate to, mobilize, rally and attract the people to participate in movements and campaigns launched by the Fatherland Front and mass organizations have seen limitations. Activities of the Fatherland Front and mass organizations have not been in very close touch with all strata of people and the grassroots.
5. The building of a socialist law-governed State has not fully met the requirements of national economic development and management.
Competence in institution building, management and law enforcement organization remain insufficient. Organizational apparatus in many agencies has not been rational, the number of regular cadres and civil servants has increased; functions and duties of certain agencies are overlapping and not clear enough. The quality of the contingent of cadres and civil servants have not met duty requirements in the new context of the country. Administrative reform has not met the set requirements; administrative procedures still cause troubles to organizations and citizens. Forecasting capability, effectiveness and efficiency of State governance in certain areas remain weak; decentralization has been done vigorously but there has not been adequate control and monitoring; social order and discipline is not strict. Judicial reform has been done slowly and non-synchronously. Investigation, detention, prosecution and adjudication in certain cases are inaccurate; the number of stockpiled cases, canceled and corrected cases remains high.
The prevention of and fight against corruption and wastefulness have not met the set requirements. Bureaucratism, corruption and wastefulness remain serious with sophisticated and complicated manifestations which have not yet been prevented and repelled, leading to pressing concerns in the society.
6. Many shortcomings and weaknesses remain in Party building, and redress has been slow
Theoretical researches and practical reviews have failed to clarify certain issues related to the ruling Party, socialism and the path toward socialism in our country. Combativeness, persuasiveness and efficiency in ideological work remain limited, and lack sharpness in combating "peaceful evolution" maneuvers. Political, ideological, ethical and lifestyle degradation in quite a segment of cadres, Party members and people, corruption, wastefulness, bureaucratism, negative practices and social evils have not been checked and repelled, and continue to develop complicatedly, combined with the rich-poor gap and the weaknesses in governance at many levels and in many sectors have reduced the people's confidence in the Party and the State, threatening the stability and development of the country. The campaign “To learn from and follow Ho Chi Minh's moral example” has not really reached its depth, and remained formalistic in certain places; its effect is far from high and there have not been as many activities to follow Ho Chi Minh's moral example as expected.
The apparatuses of certain Party and State agencies and socio-political organizations are not really compact and efficient; their functions, tasks and inter-relations are not clearly defined. Innovations in personnel work have been slow; concrete mechanisms and policies are lacking to promote democracy in personnel work, and in talent identification and utilization; innovation of mechanisms, methods and procedures for personnel evaluation, appointment, dismissal and resignation remains slow; personnel evaluation is still inefficient. Practices of paying for position, power, offence exemption, certificate and awards have not been overcome. Personnel work lacks a long-term vision. Personnel training and capacity building is of low quality. Work environment and personnel policies have neither created a driving force to motivate and attract people, and promote their capacities and contributions; nor encouraged their commitment to advancement and dedication.
Quite a few Party units have low leadership capacity and combativeness; Party member administration is loose, Party life lacks regularity, meeting contents are poor, with inadequate self-criticism and criticism. Slow has been the building of grassroots Party organizations in private and foreign-invested enterprises, where the role of Party organizations remains limited. Certain people have shown erroneous and opportunistic motivations while seeking for Party membership.
The treatment, employment and administration of cadres and Party members with problematic political backgrounds in certain places lack comprehensiveness and strictness. Confusion remains in the consideration and solution of current political problems of cadres and Party members, to which many Party committees and organizations have not given adequate guidance.
Many Party committees and organizations have not conducted properly Party control, supervision and discipline enforcement, leading to low quality and efficiency; importance has not been attached to control and supervision over the implementation of Party guidelines, decisions, instructions, resolutions and the Party Statutes, as well as to preventive control and supervision of negative factors while promoting positive factors. Many shortcomings and mistakes of Party organizations and members have not been discovered in time. Irresponsibility, opportunism, degradation in ethics and lifestyle remain rather common in a segment of cadres and Party members. Discipline and order are lax in many Party organizations. Unity and unanimity in quite a few Party committees are inadequate.
Certain units of the Party, administration, the Fatherland Front and people’s organizations have not paid sufficient attention to mass mobilization. The content and methods of mass mobilization remain highly bureaucratic.
The mode for the Party’s leadership over the State, the Fatherland Front and socio-political organizations has not been clearly defined in certain respects and been slowly innovated. The functions and tasks of Party caucuses and designated representations have not been specified in certain fields, resulting in operational confusion. Innovation of working style has been slow; meetings still super abound. The principle of democratic centralism has still been infringed upon, impairing intra-Party unity.
In sum, over the past five years, in an international and domestic context with many difficulties and challenges, particularly impacts of the global financial crisis and economic downturn, our Party and people as a whole have made great efforts and gained important achievements. Results have been achieved in responding to complicated developments of the domestic and world economy. Macro-economic stability has been basically maintained. Economic growth has been sustained at satisfactory rates, all sectors have developed, and the economy has increased in scale; the people’s living standards have continued to be improved; the socio-political situation has remained stable; national defense and security have been strengthened; national independence, sovereignty, unity and territory integrity have been firmly safeguarded; external relations and international integration have been expanded, our country's international standing has been raised; democracy promotion has made progress, the great national unity bloc has been consolidated; Party building and political system enhancement have achieved positive results.
The achievements recorded over the five years’ implementation the Resolution of the 10th National Congress have made significant contributions to the successful execution of the Ten-Year Strategy for Socio-Economic Development for 2001-2010 and the twenty years’ realization of the Political Program for National Construction during the Period of Transition to Socialism.
The ten years’ implementation of the 2001-2010 Strategy for Socio-Economic Development has in reality sped up industrialization and modernization, developed the socialist-oriented market economy and international integration, leading to great and very important achievements. The economy has grown rapidly, with an average rate of 7.2% per year. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2010, compared with 2000, is 3.4 times by current price; national budget revenues and export turnover are 5 times higher than in 2000; average life expectancy has increased from 67 years to 72.8 years.
The achievements made in the twenty years’ implementation of the Political Program are enormous and of historical significance. The country has gained initial success in carrying out the renewal process and lifted itself from underdevelopment, the country’s physiognomy and the people’s life have seen many changes; our synergy has been enhanced in all aspects; national independence, sovereignty and the socialist system have been firmly maintained, Vietnam’s position and prestige on the international arena have been heightened; and premises have been created for our country to continue developing still more vigorously at the coming stage.
The achievements recorded over the past 5 years result from the judicious leadership and guidance of the Central Committee, Political Bureau, Secretariat, and Party committees in the implementation of the Resolution of the 10th National Congress, as well as their timely and successful handling of emergent issues; the innovation and improvement of operations of the National Assembly and elected bodies; the dynamic governance of the Government and local authorities at different levels; and the efforts of the Fatherland Front and people’s organizations, cadres and Party members, the people from all walks of life and the business community. The context of international integration offers many opportunities and favorable conditions for national development.
However, certain targets and tasks set by the 10th National Congress have not been fulfilled. Economic growth has not been sustainable, the quality, efficiency and competitiveness of the economy remain low; economic restructuring toward industrialization and modernization has been slow; many irrationalities remain in the distribution system, social polarization has increased. Limitations and weaknesses in education, training, science, technology, culture, social affairs, and environmental protection have been slow to be overcome; bureaucratism, corruption, wastefulness, crimes, social vices, and ethical and lifestyle degradation have not been checked and repelled. Economic institutions, human resources quality, and also infrastructures remain inadequacies blocking development. Socialist democracy and the strength of great national unity have not been brought into full play. Slow have been improvements in building the Party and the socialist law-governed state, as well as in innovating and enhancing operations of the Fatherland Front and people’s organizations. Potentials for socio-political instability remain.
The limitations and weaknesses have objective causes, including impacts of the global financial crisis and economic recession; natural disasters and epidemics; inherent weaknesses of the economy; and attacks from hostile forces. But, direct and most decisive are subjective causes: Theoretical researches and practical reviews in general have not met requirements. Perception on many concrete issues related to the renewal process remains limited and inconsistent. Forecasting is inefficient in many domains. Party leadership and guidance and State governance in certain fields and on certain major issues have lacked focus, determination and definiteness; discipline and order have lacked strictness. Organization for implementation remains a weak link. The capacity and virtues of a segment of cadres, Party members, civil servants and employees are inadequate.
The Central Committee wishes to make a self-criticism before the Congress and the people for its shortcomings and weaknesses that have limited the achievements, which could have been greater otherwise.
From the practice of leading and steering the implementation of the Resolution of the 10th National Congress, the following lessons can be drawn:
Firstly, in whatever condition and eventuality, to persevere in implementing the renewal guidelines and objectives, steadfastly and creatively apply and develop Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought, and persist with the goals of national independence and socialism. Carry out comprehensive and harmonious renewal with appropriate steps. Active and proactive international economic integration should be attached to development of an independent and autonomous economy, and to firm preservation of the national traditions and cultural identity. Broadening and promotion of democracy should be associated with enhancement of discipline, order and the sense of responsibility of every individual, agency, unit, enterprise and the whole community.
Secondly, to attach seriously importance to growth quality and efficiency and sustainable development, raise the quality and efficiency of the economy while sustaining a reasonable growth rate and macro-economic stability. Mobilize further internal and external resources while utilizing economically and efficiently resources to accelerate economic growth. Development of productive forces should be linked with establishing and ameliorating corresponding production relations; consolidate and enhance factors guaranteeing the socialist orientation of the economy.
Thirdly, to lay emphasis on closely combining economic growth with execution of social progress and equity; ensure social security, care for material and spiritual life of the people, particularly the poor and inhabitants of hinterland and remote areas, especially in the context of economic difficulty and recession; associate economic development with cultural development, national defense and security consolidation, and external relations expansion, successfully fulfilling the two strategic tasks of national construction and defense.
Fourthly, to pay particular attention to consolidating and building the Party politically, ideologically and organizationally. Really promote democracy, hold firmly to principles, discipline and order; maintain unity and unanimity, have close ties with the people, respect and promote the people's right as the owner, rely on the people for Party building; develop a contingent of cadres and Party members who are politically and ideologically steadfast, clean in ethics and lifestyle, with high combativeness and professional proficiency; promote the effectiveness and efficiency of State governance, and the activeness, proactiveness and creativeness of the Fatherland Front and people’s organizations.
Fifthly, leadership and guidance should be sharp, determined and creative, closely following realities of the country; attach importance to forecasting while suggesting solutions relevant to new situations; enhance information and communication, create a high degree of consensus, thus bringing into full play the synergy of the political system and society as a whole.
II. CONTINUED COMPREHENSIVE PROMOTION OF THE RENEWAL PROCESS ALONG THE PATH OF SOCIALISM; ORIENTATIONS AND TASKS OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE FIVE-YEAR PERIOD (2011-2015)
1. Forecasts for the world and domestic situation in the coming years
In the world, peace, co-operation and development remain a major trend, but embedded with new complicated developments, uncertainties and unpredictable factors. Tensions, religious and ethnic conflicts, secession, local wars, political violence, intervention, subversion, and terrorism will remain fierce; non-traditional security threats, hi-tech crimes in the fields of finance, currency, electronics, telecommunication, biology, environment, etc. will continue to increase.
A multi-polar world physiognomy will become increasingly clearer, the trend for democratization of international relations will continue to grow, yet superpowers will keep dominating international relations. Globalization and the scientific-technological revolution will develop vigorously, speeding up the formation of the information society and knowledge-based economy. Despite signs of post-crisis recovery, the world economy is still ridden with difficulties and instabilities; protectionism will be exercised in different forms, restructuring of economic institutions, sectors and domains programs will unfold forcefully in various countries; the co-relation of economic forces among countries, particularly big powers whose relations impact much our country, will see many changes. Economic and trade competition, disputes over natural resources, energy, markets, technologies, capital, quality human resources, etc., will become increasingly fierce. Such global issues as financial security, energy security, food security, climate change, sea level rise, natural disasters, epidemics… will continue to develop complicatedly. The common struggle of the world's people for peace, national independence, people’s life, democracy and social progress will keep growing. The national struggle and class struggle will continue to develop complicatedly.
The Asia-Pacific, particularly Southeast Asia, will remain a region of dynamic development, but destabilizing factors persist; disputes over territory, seas and islands will become ever more intense. New forms of force rallying and new sets of intertwined interests will emerge. Despite many difficulties and challenges, ASEAN will continue to play an important role in the region.
In Vietnam, the achievements and experience of the 25 years of renewal (1986-2010) have created for the country a much greater posture, strength and synergy. The next five years will see our economy recovered and regain growth after recession; we will implement more bilateral and multilateral trade agreements; overcome shortcomings and weaknesses in socio-economic fields, in building the Party and the political system. However, our country will confront many great challenges which intertwine, produce aggregate impact and develop complicatedly, and cannot be disregarded, even separately. The risk of being further lagged behind economically many countries in the region and the world still remains. Political, ideological, ethical and lifestyle degradation in quite a few segment of cadres, Party members, accompanied by bureaucratism, corruption and wastefulness is serious. Hostile forces continue to execute the “peaceful evolution” scheme, stir up subversive unrest and use “democracy” and “human rights” covers in order to change our country’s political system. Internally, manifestations of divergence from the goal of socialism, of “self-evolution and of “self-transformation” develop complicatedly.
Overall, these developments and trends will present intertwined opportunities and challenges for our national development in the next five years.
2. Continued comprehensive and forceful renewal along the socialist path
The rich realities and achievements of the 25-year renewal and 20-year implementation of the Political program for national construction during the period of transition to socialism (1991 Political Program) have proved that our Party’s renewal guidelines are judicious and creative; advancing toward socialism is a correct choice corresponding with objective rules and realities of the Vietnamese revolution. Once more, we affirm that only socialism can ensure genuine independence and freedom for our nation, prosperity and development for our country, and a life of plenty and happiness for our people.
Reviewing the 20-year implementation of the 1991 Political Program, we see clearly its historical significance and great directional values for the process of renewal along the socialist path in our country; coupled with a better understanding of emerging issues to be addressed. At this Congress, our Party will consider and decide on amending and developing the 1991 Political Program as the political and ideological foundation for all activities of the Party, State and people in the process of leading our country toward socialism; for making ours basically a modernity-oriented industrial country by 2020; and a socialist-oriented modern industrial country by the mid-21st century.
For the successful construction of socialism and the firm defense of the socialist Homeland, we should continue the renewal process comprehensively, forcefully, and with higher quality and efficiency; push ahead industrialization and modernization in association with development of a knowledge-based economy; develop a market economy in tandem with harmoniously addressing social and environmental issues; build an advanced culture deeply imbued with national identity as the spiritual foundation of society; safeguard firmly national defense and security; pursue a foreign policy of independence, autonomy, peace, co-operation and development, engage actively and proactively in international integration; build socialist democracy, promote the strength of the great all-nation unity, consolidate and expand the national united front; build a socialist law-governed state of the people, by the people and for the people; shape a politically, ideologically and organizationally clean and strong Party. Special emphasis should be placed on handling major relationships: among renewal, stability and development; between economic renewal and political renewal; between market economy and socialist orientation; between developing productive forces and shaping and gradually improving socialist production relations; between economic growth, and cultural development and promotion of social progress and equity; between construction of socialism and defense of the socialist Homeland; between independence, autonomy and international integration; between leadership by the Party, governance by the State, and ownership by the people.
3. Objectives and tasks of national development in the 5 years 2011-2015
The overall objectives in the next five years are: Continue enhancing the Party’s leadership capacity and combativeness; step up the comprehensive renewal process; build a clean and strong political system; promote democracy and the strength of the great all-nation unity; develop the economy rapidly and sustainably; improve the people’s material and spiritual life; maintain socio-political stability; increase external activities; firmly safeguard national independence, sovereignty, unity and territory integrity; create foundations for ours to become basically a modernity-oriented industrial country by 2020.
- Stabilize the macro economy, innovate the growth model and economic structure, raise the quality, efficiency and sustainability of development; mobilize and utilize efficiently all resources; build gradually modern infrastructures. Further improve institutions of a socialist-oriented market economy.
- Develop and raise the quality of education, training and human resources; develop science, technology and a knowledge-based economy. Place emphasis on addressing job and income issues for workers and improving the people’s material and spiritual life. Take a decisive step in exercising social progress and equity, ensure social welfare and reduce the poverty rate; improve healthcare for the people. Continue to build an advanced culture deeply imbued with national identity, preserve and promote the nation’s fine cultural values and at the same time absorb the quintessence of human culture. Protect the environment, be proactive in coping effectively with natural disasters and climate change.
- Strengthen national defense and security potentials; maintain socio-political stability, national independence, sovereignty, unity, territory integrity, social order and safety; check and foil all hostile forces' attempts at sabotage; expand and raise the efficiency of external activities, actively and proactively engage in international integration.
- Continue promoting democracy and the strength of great all-nation unity; improve and raise the effectiveness and efficiency of the socialist law-governed state; innovate and improve the performance and efficiency of the National Assembly, the Government and local authorities; step up administrative and judicial reforms; combat effectively bureaucratism, corruption and wastefulness. Innovate and improve the performance of the Fatherland Front and people’s organizations.
- Push ahead Party building and rectification politically, ideologically and organizationally; regularly “learn and follow Ho Chi Minh's moral example”; enhance the Party’s leadership capacity and combativeness; build a clean and steady Party, raise the quality of cadres and Party members; further innovate the Party’s leadership mode.
Main targets to strive for:
Average economic growth rate in the 5-year period (2011-2015): 7-7.5% per annum. GDP per capita in 2015: around 2,000 USD. GDP structure: agriculture: 17-18%; industry and construction: 41-42%; services: 41-42%. Hi-tech products and hi-tech based products to account for 35% of GDP; trained workers to account for 55% of the total labor force. Export turnover to increase averagely by 12% per annum; trade deficits to decrease, a trade balance to strive for by 2020. Total social investment capital in 5 years to account averagely for 40% of GDP. State budget mobilization to make up 23-24% of GDP; state budget deficits to be reduced to 4.5% of GDP by 2015. Jobs to be created for 8 million workers. Population growth rate to be around 1% by 2015. Average life expectancy by 2015 to be 74 years. Poor household incidences according to the new poverty line to decrease averagely by 2% per annum. Forest coverage to reach 42-43% by 2015.
III. INNOVATION OF GROWTH MODEL AND ECONOMIC STRUCTURE; ENHANCED INDUSTRIALIZATION AND MODERNIZATION, RAPID AND SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
1. Innovate the growth model and economic structure, raise quality and efficiency, develop the economy rapidly and sustainably
Innovate the growth model and economic structure, shifting from mainly extensive development to harmoniously balanced extensive-intensive development, expand in scale while paying attention to quality and efficiency. Shift from mainly relying on increased investment, natural resources exploration, and cheap labor employment, to further capitalizing on scientific and technological advances, and high-quality labor to increase productivity and product quality; from chiefly processing and assembling industries to further developing manufacturing, processing and supporting industries and high-tech industries; from focusing on exporting mineral resources, raw materials and crude products to increasing the proportion of manufactured and processed export products. Push ahead the industrialization of agriculture as well as the development of comprehensive agriculture towards modernity and efficiency and services with high added value and high competitiveness. Develop and make maximum use of the domestic market while expanding export market shares. Minimize risks of an unstable macro-economy, such as, budget deficiency, big trade deficit, greatly increasing public national debts. Renovate the organization and enhance operational efficiency of State economic groups and corporations. Promote fully the role of the market mechanism while enhancing the role, effectiveness and efficiency of State governance, linking closely economic development with solution of social and cultural issues, exercise of social progress and equity, and environmental protection.
Continue improving the investment and business environment, using diverse incentive forms to attract investment, mobilize and utilize efficiently all available resources from different economic sectors at home and abroad, promote internal resources while taking advantage of external resources for development. Encourage investment in industry, agriculture, high-tech services and technological innovation solutions, manufacture of new products, etc…in order to participate increasingly and ever more effectively in processes and stages with high scientific content and added value of the global production and distribution chain.
Develop a wide range of sectors and industries to create jobs and income; encourage and facilitate employees’ learning to improve their knowledge and skills, while introducing mechanisms and policies to identify and make good use of talents. Promote the country’s scientific and technological potentials, rapidly raise social productivity and economic growth quality. Enhance linkages, tap and develop properly potentials and advantages of various economic regions; facilitate the development and promote the role as locomotives of key economic regions, creating radial-type effects attracting others.
2. Develop industry and construction toward modernization, continue laying foundations for an industrial country while enhancing the independence and autonomy of the economy
Restructure and build the industry in the direction of developing forcefully sectors with comparative advantages and strategic significance for rapid, efficient and sustainable development, enhancement of the economy’s independence and autonomy, ever more intensive and efficient participation in global production chains and distribution networks. Prioritize the development and completion of key projects on mechanical engineering; the production of machines and equipment in replace of imported ones in industry, agriculture, and construction; high-tech industry manufacturing digital parts and computers; petroleum industry, electricity, coal, mining, chemicals, steel, cement, fertilizers, etc.; supporting industries, and defense and security industries with ever higher technological standards, lower consumption of materials and energy, and greater competitiveness and added value.
Prioritize the development of industries facilitating agriculture and rural areas, especially those producing equipment and machinery for soil preparation, harvesting, storing, and processing of agricultural, forest– and fishery products, exports, fertilizers, animal feeds, pesticides, etc.
Develop vigorously industries facilitating transport, construction, and labor-intensive industries to help accelerate labor restructuring. Focus on developing lift, load and unload equipment at seaports and airports, producing motor cars, locomotives, carriages, heavy transport vehicles, river and sea transport vessels; machinery for road and bridge construction, production of building materials, especially high quality materials, electrical and telecommunications equipment. Gradually improve qualifications in designing, planning and construction quality assurance; modernize construction industry toward a top regional level meeting requirements for domestic construction and international bidding.
Develop capacities for research, design and manufacture of products with advanced technologies and high added values, especially digital control devices and automotive systems eligible for export or import substitution, increase the share of localized product parts…; quickly establish institutes of industrial technology, of technologies for minerals exploration and exploitation, and of agricultural technology, with adequate capacity in technical and technological research and innovation; closely link scientific research and training institutions with production and business organizations.
Rationally allocate industries across regions; raise the efficiency of existing industrial zones and clusters and step up industrial development in the form of product clusters and groups thereby shaping large-scale and efficient industrial complexes, develop speedily high-tech parks; form and develop coastal combined economic zones and border economic zones.
Strive for a five-year average annual increase of 7.8-8% in added value in industry and construction. The value of high-tech products is to account for 35% of the total value of industrial production; electricity consumption per one GDP unit is to decrease by 2.5-3% per year averagely.
3. Comprehensively develop agriculture, forestry and fishery toward industrialization and modernization while properly handling issues related to the peasantry and the countryside
Comprehensively develop agriculture toward modernity, efficiency and sustainability, promote the advantages of tropical agriculture on the basis of land accumulation, mechanization, application of modern technologies (particularly bio-technology); restructure the repartition of plants and animals; develop economies of households, farms, cooperative teams, agricultural cooperatives, specialized zones, high-tech agricultural zones, major production complexes. Efficiently connect the “fours” (farmers, scientists, businesses, and government) and develop industry, small industry, handicrafts and services in rural areas. Develop farmers’ associations and agricultural, forestry and fishery extension organizations, and facilitate their practical and efficient performance.
Develop large-scale agricultural production with high productivity, quality, efficiency, and competitiveness and with environmental friendliness; link production with processing and markets, expand export. Preserve areas planned for rice growing; ensure national food security and increase rice export value. Expand cultivated areas, apply high technologies to increase productivity and the quality of vegetables, dry crops, fruits and cutting-edge industrial crops. Rapidly develop animal husbandry by industrial and semi-industrial methods with advanced technologies.
Comprehensively and sustainably develop forestry with attention paid to productive, protective and special-use forests; increase afforestation areas and forest coverage on the basis of encouraging investment by all economic sectors. Introduce incentive mechanisms and policies for farmers to earn their living and get rich by forest planting, tending and protection; establish complexes linking materials forest planting with forest products processing industry, develop specialized forest areas in order to ensure ever more domestic raw materials for wood-processing and wood and paper industries.
Strongly develop a diverse aquaculture as planned, promote the respective advantages of different regions in linkage with the market; focus on industrial farming and intensive cultivation for fresh, brackish and salt water fish; link cultivation with processing on the basis of food hygiene and safety. Push ahead offshore fishing with high-tech application in fishing field search and catching, and modernization of fish processing plants. Build dove-tailed infrastructures and service facilities for aqua-products cultivation, catching, processing and export.
Build a new countryside toward civility, prosperity and beauty, with a developed economy relatively harmonious socio-economic infrastructures; preserve and promote traditional cultural values and traditional trades and crafts with high economic value. Implement job training programs for about 1 million farmers annually; complete and put to fruitful use cultural centers in all communes nationwide. Enhance the spiritual and material life of farmers so that they could enjoy more from the country renewal cause’s accomplishments.
Strive for an average annual increase of 4-5% in agricultural, forest and fishery production in the 5-year period. In 2015, employees in agriculture, forestry and fishery are to account for 40-41% of the total social labor force, and rural inhabitants’ incomes to increase by 1.8 - 2 times over those in 2010.
4. Develop services, particularly financial service, banking, commerce, tourism and high value-added services
Strive for a growth rate of the service sector higher than the GDP growth rate and at least 1.3 times that of material production sectors. Prioritize the development and modernization of financial services, banking, telecommunications, commerce, tourism, transport, health care, education, training, science and technology. Introduce mechanisms and policies encouraging domestic products consumption, expanding the domestic market, develop vigorously home trade in all regions; improve the distribution system with a view to solidifying domestic enterprises’ position in the retail market. Promote export, particularly of new items, processed and manufactured products with high scientific-technological content and added value; sharply reduce exports of raw materials, minerals and crude products. Form four major trade-services centers in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hai Phong, Da Nang and Can Tho, as hubs for domestic transaction and gateways to external business. Build a number of major tourist centers in the country efficiently connected with major tourist centers in the region.
Strive for an average annual growth rate of 7,8-8% in services in the 5-year period.
5. Focus on construction, creating a breakthrough in economic infrastructures to meet requirements for national development
Finalize the planning for nationwide infrastructure networks. Develop with priorities and invest with focus in key areas, resolutely accomplish key economic infrastructure projects towards modernization and relative harmony in development driving-force regions, high-tech zones, industrial parks and economic zones. Basically complete essential communications networks, coastal roads and border belts. Modernize a number of important airports and seaports, and certain key roads linking to China, Laos and Cambodia. Further improve the urban communications systems toward modernity, focusing on tackling traffic jams and floods in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. Meanwhile, develop harmoniously local systems of transportation, strive for a rate of 100% of communes and commune clusters having auto-roads to their centers (except for those communes that have difficult geography).
Rapidly develop electricity supply to ensure sufficient power for industrialization, modernization and demands of the people’s life; complete the power transmission system in association with ensuring operational safety, reduce by one-third current power losses. Modernize posts-telecommunications services and information technology infrastructures to meet development requirements in conditions of ever deeper and broader international integration. Build multi-purpose water conservancy projects, enhance irrigation and drainage capacity and autonomy for a wide range of crops; build more water reservoirs in drought-prone areas, and more river and sea dyke systems. Ensure clean water supply for urban areas, industrial zones and the rural population.
Build projects for the treatment of solid and liquid wastes, water, exhaust gas, and for environmental protection. Quickly complete a system of facilities for climate and weather forecasting and global climate change research with a view to improving capacities in forecasting, handling and mitigating the impacts of natural disasters.
6. Ensure harmonious socio-economic development among regions, between urban and rural areas
Tap potentials and advantages of different regions with a long-term vision, increase linkages among localities within a region as planned, overcome overlapped and uncoordinated investment while intensifying linkages and coordination among regions to ensure their common development, gradually reduce the gaps in development level and living standard among regions. Continue developing vigorously key economic regions as a driving force for the economy. Improve relevant policies to support the development of difficulty-ridden localities, especially hinterland, remote and ethnic minority areas.
For lowland areas: Focus on developing high-tech industries and services, form and promote the role of large urban centers and industrial parks and economic zones. Utilize economically and efficiently available lands on the basis of intensive economic development and best use of height of space. Reorganize agricultural production, develop concentrated and intensive commodity production areas and high-tech agricultural zones associated with preservation and processing industries, and domestic and export markets. Reduce excessive industrial and urban concentration in the Red River Delta; take concrete measures to mitigate negative impacts of sea level rise on the Red River and Mekong deltas.
For midland and mountain areas: Develop communications infrastructures systems, take advantage of all transaction opportunities with China, Laos, Cambodia, lowland and coastal areas; rationally and efficiently tap hydropower and mineral potentials, develop water conservancy along with hydropower; utilize efficiently agricultural and forest land, form areas for large-scale production of industrial and fruit crops, forests for pulp and timber production, and cattle raising. Continue allocating land and forests and ensuring food supplies to local inhabitants with a view to forest plantation and protection. Raise the people’s intellectual level, speed up hunger eradication, poverty reduction and people's life improvement; enact rational policies regarding officers, soldiers, policemen and people engaged in the protection of national borders, forests and water resources.
For coastal areas, sea areas, and islands: Develop coastal, sea and island economies along the Sea Strategy until 2020. Establish a rational system of seaports, and coastal industrial parks, economic zones and urban centers in association with developing ship building and repair industry, oil and gas exploitation and processing, shipping and marine tourism. Develop vigorously island economy and offshore fishing, associated with search and rescue missions and protection of territorial waters’ sovereignty. Promote basic surveys on certain major marine resources.
Harmonious development of urban and rural areas. Develop urban areas in keeping with the economic development process and long-term planning, not limited to administrative boundaries, properly handle the relationships between urbanization and rural modernization. Accelerate introduction of industries and services to rural areas to curb farmers’ exodus to cities, while leaving no vast areas without cities.
Improve urban planning quality and further invest in infrastructure building in major cities, especially in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. Form a system of medium-sized and small cities towards rational apportionment among regions, overcome unplanned urban development. Coastal urban construction should take into account eventual sea level rise due to climate change. Help plan, build and organize more efficiently rural population centers into clean, beautiful and advanced areas.
IV- FINALIZING THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF THE SOCIALIST-ORIENTED MARKET ECONOMY
1. Firmly uphold the socialist orientation of our market economy
The socialist-oriented market economy of our country is a multi-component commodity economy operating under the market mechanism, managed by the State and under the leadership of the Communist Party. This form of market economy follows the rules of market economy while is based on, led and guided by the principles and nature of socialism.
In the socialist-oriented market economy, market mechanisms should be fully and flexibly employed in order to strongly and effectively promote all resources to develop rapidly and sustainably the economy, improve the livelihood of the people, encourage lawful accumulation of wealth along with poverty alleviation, strengthen social consensus to realize the goal of “a prosperous people, a strong country, democracy, equity and civilization.”
Promote the freedom right of every citizen to do lawful businesses to enrich themselves and to contribute to the society. All economic sectors and entities participating in the market are respected and treated fairly and healthy in cooperation and competition in a civilized manner, in which State economic sector plays the leading role.
Develop market economy, proactively and actively integrate into the world’s economy while maintaining and strengthening the independence and autonomy of the economy. Ensure that economic growth is combined with socio-cultural development and the realization of social advancement and equity in each step and policy. Ensure fair distribution of production factors, access to and use of opportunities and conditions for development. Distribute the economic outputs mainly based on the labor contribution, economic efficiency, the level of capital and other resources contributions, and through the social security and welfare system.
Enhance the State’s economic management competency and efficiency. The State manages the socialist-oriented market economy with laws, mechanisms, policies, strategies, planning, plans and economic resources. The State maintains macro-economic stability; establishes and fully develops comprehensive market factors and market forms; improves business environment and competitiveness of the economy; maps out the development orientations; promotes positive aspects while limiting and overcoming the negative sides of market mechanism; promotes democracy and the ownership of the people in all economic fields.
2. Develop diversified forms of ownership, economic sectors and enterprises
Continue institutionalizing the Party’s views on the diversification of forms of ownership, economic sectors, and enterprises in the economy; on the protection of legitimate rights and interests of property owners of all ownership forms and enterprises of different types in the economy; on the building and strengthening of ownership laws on various types of newly emerging assets such as intellectual property, stocks, bonds, water resource…; and on the clear defining of rights and responsibilities of the owners to the society.
Renovate and strengthen laws, mechanisms and policies on the ownership of the entire population where the State represents, on behalf of the people, the ownership to land, resources, capital and other public assets to ensure effective management and use of those, and avoid losses and wastefulness. Land, natural resources, capital and assets whose ownership is represented by the State can be assigned to entities of any economic sector in the principle of efficient use through market mechanisms (e.g. competition, bidding, and auction). The entities enjoy equal rights and obligations in effectively using the State resources. Review the operations of the State Capital Investment Corporation; to carry out research on the establishment of organizations with capacity to effectively manage State capital and assets in their investment and business activities; avoid direct intervention via administrative orders by the State administrative apparatus in business activities.
Enhance the renovation, restructuring and improvement of business performance of State enterprises in order to sustain and promote the leading role of the State economic sector in the socialist-oriented market economy. Promptly restructure the field of businesses of economic groups and State corporations, focusing on certain key industries and sectors of the economy. Gradually develop regional- and global-scale enterprises. Identify more properly and specifically authority and responsibility of the board of directors and managers to the management of the State capital and assets in enterprises, while ensuring the active role of enterprises in production and doing business, maintaining and improving the efficiency in usage of capital and state assets.
Further renovate the organization and operation mechanism of public service units in line with the socialist-oriented market economy. These units are provided with favorable conditions and encouraged to take initiatives to participate in the market in order to provide more and better public services for the society, especially in the areas of healthcare, education and training, science, technology, and so on.
Enhance the development of collective economy with diversified forms whose core is cooperatives. Review the development of cooperatives and implementation of the Law on Cooperatives. Expeditiously improve the legal system, mechanisms and policies to support and facilitate the development of new-style cooperatives, cooperation groups and other collective economic models in the principle of voluntary and mutual benefits. Renew cooperatives to become real businesses with socio-economic functions. Facilitate the development of rural farms and the formation of the farm owners’ cooperatives.
Further promote different forms of private economy in the majority of industries and sectors based on planning and in line with law provisions. Facilitate the formation of adequate number of private corporations and private businesses that are capable of investing in state-owned economic corporation. Attract foreign direct investment into industries and sectors that are in line with the country’s development strategies and plans, especially in the areas of high technologies. Support small and medium enterprises, farms, household businesses, particularly in agriculture and rural areas, so as to meet the requirements of market economy development and international economic integration.
Encourage the development of enterprises with mixed ownership forms such as joint stock companies, limited liability companies with many members, joint - ventures, and joint stock cooperatives. Revise, supplement and strengthen the legal provisions on the rights and obligations of the owner (i.e. the board of directors), authority and responsibilities of those who are assigned to manage the use of assets to do businesses (i.e. directorate); and on the distribution of profits to the owner, the assigned managers and employees.
3. Develop harmoniously market factors and types
Rapidly finalize the revision, supplementation and strengthening of legal provisions on business operation taking into consideration the context of Vietnam; protect the domestic market while complying with the provisions of international and regional organizations that Vietnam participate in. Renovate and strengthen the institution on price, competition, monopoly control, the signing and implementation of contracts, and dispute settlement; avoid criminalizing civil disputes in economic activities. Consistently implement market price mechanisms regulated by the State. Develop and strictly enforce regulations on social responsibility of enterprises to consumers and the environment. Improve the enterprises’ understanding of the market, the laws of Vietnam, and international customs and laws; develop high quality consultancy organizations to assist enterprises to deal with business disputes at home and abroad. Synchronically develop a number of foundations to support enterprises. Bring into full play the role of social organizations and unions to protect the legitimate interests of both businesses and consumers.
Develop synchronized and diversified markets of goods and services into modern and civilized ones. Continue to boost exports, while paying attention to expand and dominate domestic market, protecting the interests of both producers and consumers, especially about price, product quality, food hygiene and safety.
Continue strengthening of the monetary, credit and foreign exchange institutions: to gradually open the market for banking services in line with the national socio-economic development needs and international commitments. Promote the proactive role of the State Bank of Vietnam in policy making process and the management of the money, credit and foreign exchange markets; and the role of control and supervision to control inflation, maintain macro-economic stability, enhance contributing to economic growth. Further the equitization and restructuring of commercial banks, maintaining the leading role of banks where the States holds the majority of shares. Apply new standards and practices consistent with international practice and domestic conditions to improve competitiveness and develop safely and sustainably domestic banks. Strengthen institutions ensuring the healthy development of securities markets; increase market transparency and fight against illegal transactions, money laundering and market instability, enabling the market to play increasingly important role in mobilizing investment capital for development. Diversify and improve the quality of insurance products to encourage and facilitate the development of insurance business of all domestic economic sectors. Implement a roadmap of opening the insurance market in line with the country’s conditions and commitments in international economic integration; and protect the interests of the insured.
Renew and strengthen institutions so that the rights to land and real estate are in line with market mechanism and these assets become capital for production and business. Clearly define the right to land use as a special commodity which is priced according to market mechanism under the management by the State, so as to ensure harmony between the interests of the State, the land use right holders and investors, and to assure that people whose land is to return to the State for investment have better conditions for development, and investors who are entitled to use the land can implement their production and business projects. The State ensures the management of land use with highest efficiency. Encourage organizations and individuals whose land is returned to the State contributing capital by the value of land use rights to the investment projects and business. The State creates and manages the real estate market and actively participates into the market as owners of land and land-based assets to develop and regulate the market.
Strongly develop the market of science and technology associated with protecting intellectual property rights. Introduce many forms of information about scientific and technological activities and products; complete institutions on buying and selling of scientific and technological products in the market.
Promote labor market development. Salaries and wages should be regarded as the cost of labor, formed by the market mechanism under the State governance. The mechanism of labor contract is extended and applied to majority of labors. Renew the organization and operation of the State Employment Service centers; encourage the organization of employment fairs; develop job consulting service organizations and exchanges along with strengthening the management of the State to prevent fraud and other negative phenomena.
4. Improve the Party’s leading role, the effectiveness and efficiency of State governance in the socialist - oriented market economy
Research and review the reality to identify more clearly and comprehensively the path to develop socialist-oriented market economy in consistence with the specific situation of our country, especially the socialist-oriented contents of the market economy. Continue renewing economic thinking and improve the economic leadership of the Party organizations; intensify and use rationally of organizations and researchers to consult the Party in building, leading and inspecting the implementation of the Party’s policies and guidelines on socio-economic development. The Party and State have to improve actually the leading role and management of the market economy, and get focused in training managing staff of high quality, good qualifications and working capabilities.
Innovate and enhance the State’s role and economic management efficiency in accordance with the requirements of the socialist-oriented market economy development. Actively and proactively engage in international integration in the new period on the basis of fully and properly respecting and applying rules and operational mechanisms of market economy. Apply and promote the positive sides; limit and prevent the adverse effects of market mechanisms, creating a premise for economic development under the socialist orientation. The State focuses on maintaining macro-economic stability, providing orientation for development, and creating conditions for rapid economic development and sustainability. Continue improving the legal system, economic policies; innovate the formulation and implementation of strategies, planning, and socio-economic development. Define more clearly the State’s economic management functions and functions of organizations doing business with State capital and assets.
Enhance the role of the elected bodies and socio-political, professional and social organizations of the people in the development of socialist-oriented market economy. The State continues to improve laws, mechanisms and policies to facilitate people and those organizations to participate effectively in the process of planning, implementing and monitoring the enforcement of laws, guidelines, socio-economic policy development; and prevent and reduce adverse impacts of market mechanisms.
V- DEVELOPING EDUCATION AND TRAINING, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; DEVELOPING A KNOWLEDGED-BASED ECONOMY; PROTECTING NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
1. Renovate basically and comprehensively education and training
Implement harmonious measures to develop and improve the quality of education and training. Renovate programs, contents, methods of teaching, learning, examining and testing toward modernity; improve quality of comprehensive education, especially to attach importance to the education of ideology, revolutionary historic traditions, ethics, lifestyle, creativeness and practicing skills, industrial working style and sense of social responsibility. Develop sufficient high quality teachers. Highlight the responsibility of family and society in coordination with schools in educating the young generation. Continue developing and upgrading of material and technical facilities for education and training organizations. Reasonably and effectively invest in building a number of education and training institutions to meet with international standards.
Develop high quality human resources, especially capable leaders and managers, leading scientific, artistic and cultural staff, and skillful workers and entrepreneurs. Promote vocational training in line with social development needs; develop mechanisms and policies to establish close links between enterprises and training institutions. Develop and implement human resources training programs and projects for spearhead industries and sectors, meanwhile focusing on training farmers, especially for people whose land is to be returned to the State; increase skilled workers rate through training. Pay more attention to developing education and training in remote and disadvantaged areas. Ensure social fairness in education; effectively implement preferential policies and support for families of revolutionary merit, ethnic minorities, gifted students, poor students, students with disabilities, teachers who work in remote and disadvantaged areas.
Continue renovating the management mechanism of education and training on the basis of enhancing the capability of self-control and self-responsibility of education units. Reasonably implement autonomy mechanism for educational and training institutions associated with renewing the financial mechanism. Implement effectively the development, planning, making plans, and management of objectives and quality of education and training. Develop credit rating system, carry out rating work, and make public the rating scores of education and training quality of education and training organizations; strengthen the inspection; resolutely overcome negative phenomena in education and training. Strengthen mechanisms and policies for the socialization of education and training on three aspects: mobilization of social resources, promotion of the community’s supervision, and promotion of study and talent encouragement activities for building a learning society, creating conditions for life-long learning of people. Enhance efficiency of international cooperation in education and training.
2. Develop and improve the effectiveness of science and technology; develop the –knowledge-based economy
Strongly develop science and technology, thereby to provide momentum for industrialization, modernization and the knowledge - based economy; thus contributing to the rapid increase of productivity, quality, efficiency and competitiveness of the economy, and the rapid development and sustainability of the country; increase the contribution percentage of total productivity and growth factors to at least 35% in 2015. Harmoniously implement three main tasks: improve capability of science and technology; to renovate management mechanism; and to boost research for application.
Develop science and technology capacity with focuses, especially on key and leading industries and areas, ensuring synchronization of infrastructure and human resources. The State increases investment level and priorities for the national focused scientific and technological tasks and products while promoting the socialization and mobilization of all resources, especially those of businesses for investment in development of science and technology.
Strongly reform the management and organizing mechanisms of scientific and technological activities, regarding it as a breakthrough to promote and improve the effectiveness of science and technology. Shift research and application institutions to those with autonomy, self-accountability mechanisms; to develop enterprises and markets of science and technology. Basically renew the mechanism of using the State funds and building criteria systems of evaluating scientific and technological programs and projects in the direction of practically serving socio-economic development goals and tasks, and of regarding applicability as main measures to assess the quality of works. Harmoniously implement policies of training, attracting, preferential treatment of talents in science and technology.
Promote research and application; to harmoniously develop social science, natural sciences, engineering sciences and technology. Social sciences should review the reality, carry out theoretical research, forecast development trends to provide justifications for making guidelines and policies for national development in the new period. Strongly promote research and application of science and technology to serve programs and plans of socio-economic development, especially in key and spear-head industries and sectors. Prioritize development of high technology and rationally use labor-intensive technologies. Rapidly form a number of strong research-application institutions capable of acquiring and improving new and innovative technology in association with major enterprises. Build and implement programs of national technology renovation; adopt policies of encouraging and supporting enterprises of all economic sectors to renovate technology. Harmoniously combine domestic research and development with foreign technology.
Develop education, training, science and technology; to harmoniously build infrastructure of science and technology, primarily information technology, communications, automation technology; to advance research-application capacity associated with the development of high quality human resources to develop a knowledge–based economy. Vigorously develop industries, industrial and agricultural products, hi-tech services of high added value and with intensive knowledge content. Promote and efficiently use the knowledge resources of the Vietnamese and explore to the utmost the mankind’s knowledge resources. To develop and implement a roadmap for the knowledge-based economy by 2020.
3. Attach importance to natural environmental protection, proactively prevent natural disasters, and response to climate change
Raise awareness and responsibility of natural environmental protection of the whole society, first and foremost, of leaders at all levels. Promptly improve the legal system on environment protection, building sanction measures strong enough to prevent and handle acts causing serious environmental pollution. Effectively prevent deforestation, forest fires and abuse of the exploitation of natural resources; strictly deal with establishments that cause pollution, handle the pollution and improve the environment.
Include environmental protection into the strategies, planning, and plans of industries, sectors and regions development. New construction investment works and projects shall be obliged to implement the environmental protection regulations strictly. Effectively manage, exploit and save natural resources, and ensure ecological balance. Focus on the development of green and environment-friendly economy; gradually develop “clean energy”, “cleaner production”, “clean consumption”. Actively research, evaluate and forecast the impacts of climate change on our country; effectively carry out the national target programs on coping with climate change; and actively participate in and coordinate with international community to limit the negative impacts of climate change and protect the earth climate system. Enhance the investment in and quality of the natural disaster warning and forecast system. Promote the work of publicity to raise awareness of natural disaster prevention among people, especially those from vulnerable areas. Ensure that the planning of socio-economic development of industries and localities meet the requirements of natural disasters prevention; improve the investment in infrastructure of shelters for boats and ships in stormy weather, system of flood drainage, means of communication and rescue in areas vulnerable to natural disasters; and minimize damages by natural disasters.
The State increases investment, and adopt mechanisms and incentives to promote the socialization and mobilization of resources for natural disaster prevention and environmental protection.
VI- TAKING CARE OF CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
1. Consolidate and continue building a healthy, rich and diverse cultural environment
Make the “All people unite to build cultural life” movement deeper, more practical and efficient; build cultural life in all families, residential areas, offices, units and enterprises, making the cultural values penetrate into all aspects of life, expressed in daily specific activities, work, relationships and communities and by every people, creating resistance capacity to toxic cultural products. Continue to accelerate the building of an advanced lifestyle in weddings, funerals, festivals; to prevent and reverse harmful habits, violence, public order disturbance, prostitution, drugs, gambling, and so on. Build and implement the national strategy on building “Vietnamese families”, contributing to maintaining and developing traditional cultural values of the Vietnamese people, and nurturing and educate the young generation.
Develop and enhance the operational efficiency of the system of cultural institutions at all levels, and make plans to renovate, upgrade and construction of a number of cultural, art, physical education and modern sport facilities in the centers of economic, politics and culture of the country. Socialize cultural activities, focusing on the improvement of the spiritual and culture life in rural and disadvantaged areas, narrowing the gap of cultural enjoyment between regions, social groups, between urban and rural areas.
2. Develop the cause of literature and art; conserve and promote the values of revolutionary and traditional cultural heritage
Continue to develop an advanced Vietnamese literature and art with strong national identities, which is rich in value of humanity, democracy and towards modernity, and truly and deeply reflects the life, national history and the renewal cause of the country; encourage and assert the right and the beauty, and condemn the evils and cruelty. Encourage the exploration and trial of new methods and styles of arts, meeting the healthy and diverse mental needs. Cultivate ideology and aesthetic tastes of the public, especially the young generation. Protect the purity of the Vietnamese language. Overcome weaknesses and improve the scientific characteristics of literary and art criticism, thus contributing to the guidance of the development of literature and art creativity; and gradually develop the system of art theory and thoughts of Vietnam.
Strengthen and strictly enforce provisions of the law on intellectual property rights, conservation and promotion of material and non-material cultural heritage of the nation. Closely link the tasks of culture and art development, conservation, cultural heritage values promotion with tourism development and external relation information and communication activities to disseminate widely the cultural values to the public, especially to the young generation and foreigners. Develop and implement policies to conserve and promote cultural values, languages and scripts of ethnic minorities. Develop and implement policies and mechanisms of fostering care for the spiritual and physical life of those who work in the field of culture, literature and art; and facilitate them to create more works of high ideological and artistic values.
3. Develop the mass media system
Focus on the improvement of ideology and strongly promote the function of informing, educating and organizing and public debating of the mass media for the benefit of the people and country; overcome the trend of commercialization and divergence from principles and purposes of journalistic and publishing activities. Focus on training press and publishing staff to be unswerving in politics, ideology, and profession and well-qualified to meet the requirements of the new period. Comb the planning and streamline press and publishing network in the country towards enhancing operation efficiency, and renovating model, organization, structures and material-technical facilities towards modernity.
Develop and expand the use of internet, adopt measures to limit the negative side, effectively block any activity abusing internet to spread reactionary ideas and unhealthy lifestyle.
4. Expand and raise the efficiency of international cooperation in culture
Renovate and strengthen the introduction and spread of Vietnamese culture, literature, art, homeland and people to the world. Expand and improve the quality and efficiency of external relation information and international cooperation in the field of culture, journalism and publishing. Develop a number of Vietnamese cultural centers abroad and translation centers to introduce Vietnam culture abroad.
Learn from successful experience in developing the culture of other countries, and introduce foreign literary and artistic works to the public of Vietnam. Fully realize international commitments in intellectual property rights and copyrights of cultural products. Build mechanisms and sanction measures to prevent, repel and disable the intrusion and the harmful effects of depraved and reactionary products from overseas into our country; cultivate and enhance the public’s resistance capacity, especially for young generations.
VII- EFFICIENTLY REALIZING SOCIAL PROGRESS AND EQUITY, [YHP1] [YHP2] [YHP3] ENSURING SOCIAL SECURITY IN EVERY DEVELOPMENT STEP AND POLICY
1. Focus on proper implementation of labor, employment and income policies
On the basis of economic development[YHP4] investment, take care of labor restructuring requirements, create jobs for workers; generate more and more jobs, especially for rural population. Improve the legal system regarding vocational training; issuing preferential policies on land, taxes, teacher training, infrastructure support ... to encourage all economic sectors to participate in vocational training. Innovate methods, raise the quality of teaching and learning; link vocational training with actual needs. Promote and streamline labor export management and organization.
Expeditiously resolve the issues of salary, wages, social allowances in line with the country's socio-economic situation; associate wage reform with placement, strengthening and improving the quality of officials and public employees of the political system; ensure medium level of income for officials and public employees. Attach employees’ salaries with the efficiency of business performance. Focus on labor protection; improve working conditions; minimize accidents at work; strengthen inspection, check and severely treat labor laws violations; regulate The Labor Code implementation; build stable, harmonious and advanced labor relations.
2. Ensure social security
Continue to revise and improve the system of social insurance, health insurance, unemployment insurance, social assistance and relief with diversity and flexibility to protect and assist all members of the society especially vulnerable and disadvantaged group to overcome difficulties or risks in life. Ensure broader participation of employees in different forms of insurance. Promote social participation of social insurance services; transfering various types of social assistance and relief to community-based social protection services. Ensure that people under social protection have a stable life, better integration into the community, access to essential economic resources and public services. Inspecting, control and severely treat violations of social insurance legislation; ensure proper implementation of regulations to all beneficiaries.
Focusing on the implementation of hunger eradication and poverty alleviation programs in hinterland and remote areas, and areas with special difficulties. Diversify resources and modes of poverty reduction in association with agriculture and rural development, education development, vocational training and job creation to sustainably eradicate hunger and reduce poverty and encourage once-poor people to get rich and help others out of poverty.
Mobilize all social resources together with the State to take better care on material and spiritual life of people and families with meritorious services to the country. Definitely settle the pending problems regarding people with meritorious services to the country especially those engaged in secret missions, armed forces, youth volunteers during revolution and resistance periods. Facilitate and encourage those people and families to actively participate in economic development activities to improve their material and spiritual life so that they have higher living standards than the average ones of local residents.
3. Improve the quality of people's health care and activities of population, family planning, protection and health care for mothers and children
Pay more attention to preventive health care and people’s health care. Strengthen and improve the network of medical facilities at grassroot level; build capacity for district and provincial hospitals; modernize number of leading hospitals. Increase state investment in conjunction with promoting the social participation in health care activities. Increase medical ethics, fight against negative practices in health care operations. Strongly develop pharmaceutical industry; strictly manage the pharmaceutical market. Ensure favorable examination and treatment for people with health insurance; and high quality medical service for all citizens in need. Continue to control and significantly reduce HIV transmission. Work effectively on prevention and fight against epidemics. Complete legal system on food hygiene and safety; strengthen the inspection, control and severely handle cases of violations.
Strictly implement laws and policies on population, maintaining reasonable population growth and small size family model. Introduce concrete policies to ensure balanced sex ratio at birth. Raise awareness and mobilize the whole society to participate in population and family planning activities. Do good work in reproductive health care, maternal and children health care; reduce forcefully rates of child malnutrition, contribute to improving population quality. Ensure the fundamental rights of children, create healthy environment for children to develop a comprehensive physical and mental life, especially children in hinterland, remote and disadvantaged areas. Focus on protection and care of children with special circumstances; preventing and repelling threats of child abuse. Replicate models of community-based child care and protection. Develop and implement a national strategy on gender equality and advancement of women with focus in regions and areas with inequity and high risk of inequality; prevent and repel women trafficking and domestic violence. Facilitate women to participate in learning and training activities to improve their abilities and skills to meet their working requirements. Develop public physical education and sports; focus investment in raising the quality of some high-performance, advantaged sports of our country. Resolutely overcome negative practices in sports.
4. Prevent and fight effectively against social vices, traffic accidents
Diversify forms of community communication and education; promote the role of family education for young people about the harms of drugs, prostitution and other social vices. Struggle resolutely with the trade and use of narcotics. Mobilize more capital, increase investment in building and managing rehabilitation centers effectively. Uphold responsibilities of the families, social organizations and local administrations in the management, employment, community reintegration for detoxified people. Provide solutions to control and limit prostitution, minimize negative impacts of social vices. Replicate the model of communes, urban wards, villages and hamlets free of social vices.
Mobilize the entire political system at all levels and in all sectors to actively and harmoniously implementing solutions to minimize traffic accidents. Increase understanding and sense of law observance; along with severely handling violations of traffic laws. Strengthen technical infrastructure, public transport, traffic organization ability; carry out a reasonable plan to regulate the structure and quality management of transport facilities to minimize the number of traffic accidents.
VIII - STRENGTHENING NATIONAL DEFENSE AND SECURITY AND FIRMLY SAFEGUARDING THE SOCIALIST FATHERLAND OF VIETNAM
Strongly promote the synergy of the entire nation and of the entire political system, and implement well the objectives and tasks of national defense and security, namely: firmly defend independence, sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity; firmly safeguard sovereignty over islands, border and sky areas; safeguard the Party, State, people and the socialist system; maintain political stability, social order and safety; proactively prevent and foil all schemes and acts of sabotage by hostile forces and be ready to respond to globally non-traditional security threats, avoiding being passive and unprepared in every situation. Continue expanding international cooperation in the areas of defense and security.
Intensify communication and education on patriotism and national spirit, on responsibilities and obligations to defend sovereignty and national interests, on national defense and security, and make our people clearly understand the great challenges which directly affect the task of safeguarding the Fatherland in the new conditions, such as hi-tech wars, disputes over seas, islands and sky areas sovereignty, “peaceful evolution”, political unrest, terrorism, hi-tech crimes, trans-national crimes, etc.
Boost the strength of national defense and security both in terms of potential and posture; build strong defensive zones of provinces and cities; build a firm people posture in the implementation of national defense strategy. Closely combine economy with national defense and security, and vice versa in each strategic planning of socio-economic development; place an emphasis on hinterland, remote and border areas, sea and island areas.
Build the People's Army and People's Police which are revolutionary, standardized, well-trained and gradually modernized, with a reasonable size, high aggregate quality and combativeness, while paying attention to building strong militia, widespread self-defense and reserve forces which are ready to combat for the protection of the Fatherland in every situation. Intensify development of defense and security industry; strengthen infrastructure and technology, ensuring that the armed forces are gradually equipped with modern facilities, firstly for the navy, air defense, air force, security forces, intelligence, and mobile police. Boost research on military science and arts and on security, defeat hi-tech wars by hostile forces.
Ensure the Party's absolute and direct leadership in all aspects on the People's Army and People's Police; raise the efficiency of state governance on national defense and security. Complete defense and security strategies, mechanisms and policies in new conditions; continue to supplement and complete the system of legal documents and coordination regulations between the Army, Police and socio-political organizations.
IX- SYNCRONOUS AND COMPREHENSIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF FOREIGN RELATION ACTIVITIES; AND PROACTIVE AND ACTIVE INTERNATIONAL INTEGRATION
Implement consistently a foreign policy of independence, autonomy, peace, cooperation and development; multilateralize and diversify relations, be proactive and active in international integration; be a reliable friend and partner and a responsible member of the international community; work for the interest of the country and the nation, for a prosperous and strong socialist Vietnam. The tasks of foreign relation work are to maintain a peaceful environment and create favorable conditions for speeding up industrialization and modernization, firmly defending independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity; to raise the country’s status; to contribute actively to the struggle for peace, national independence, democracy and social progress in the world.
Raise the effectiveness of foreign relation activities, continue to deepen international relations on the basis of maintaining independence, autonomy, maximize inner-strength and promote the national identity; proactively prevent and mitigate the negative impact of international integration process. Strongly promote trade and investment, expand markets, effectively exploit international mechanisms of cooperation and resources of capital, science and technology and advanced management skills. Take part in mechanisms of political cooperation and bilateral and multilateral security for the national interests on the basis of respect for fundamental principles of international laws and the United Nations Charter. Strive to have a good performance in international organizations, particularly in the United Nations. Actively cooperate with countries, international and regional organizations to cope with unconventional security challenges, notably climate change; be ready to hold dialogues with relevant countries, international and regional organizations on the issues of democracy and human rights; proactively and resolutely combat and foil all schemes and actions of interference in Vietnam’s internal affairs and violation of independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, national security and political stability.
Promote a settlement of existing issues on borders, territory and delineation of sea boundary and continental shelf with relevant countries on the basis of the fundamental principles of international laws and the regional code of conduct; perform well in border management, build a borderline of peace, friendship, cooperation and mutual development. Strengthen and promote cooperation, friendship and traditional relations with neighbouring countries that we have shared borders. Be proactive, active and responsible, together with other countries, to build a strong ASEAN community, strengthen relations with partners, maintain an important role within the framework of cooperation in the Asia – Pacific region. Promote relations with communist and worker’s parties, left-wing parties and other political parties; expand the participation in multilateral mechanisms and forums in the region and the world. Attach much importance to and raise the effectiveness of people-to-people relation work. Intensify the strategic research, forecast and consultancy work on foreign relations; take care of training and retraining the contingent of cadres performing foreign relation work; regularly improve foreign relations knowledge for key cadres at all levels.
Ensure the Party’s unified leadership and the State’s centralized management over foreign relation activities. Closely co-ordinate the Party's foreign relations, the State's diplomacy and people-to-people diplomacy; political diplomacy, economic diplomacy and cultural diplomacy; foreign relations and national defense and security.
X. PROMOTING SOCIALIST DEMOCRACY AND THE STRENGTH OF THE GREAT NATIONAL UNITY
1. Promote socialist democracy
Continue to build and improve the socialist democracy, ensuring that all state powers belong to the people; all the guidelines and orientations of the Party, policies and laws of the State are to serve the interests of the people; officials and functionaries must successfully fulfill their assigned tasks and functions, show respect for the people, devotedly serve them. Enhance the people’s understanding of citizens’ rights and obligations, capacity in performing mastery and participating in social management. Formulate specific mechanisms enabling the people to execute in reality the right to direct mastery. Better exercise the Regulations of Democracy and the Ordinance on Exercise of Democracy in Communes, Wards and Townships. Promote democracy, heighten citizens’ responsibilities, social disciplines and rules; criticize and strictly enforce punitive measures on acts of violating the people’s right as the owner and those of abusing democracy to disturb public security, social order and safety; fight against bureaucratic centralism, overcome superficial democracy. Pay more attention to caring for happiness and free, comprehensive development of the people, protect the legitimate rights and interests of the people, respect and abide by international conventions on human rights to which Vietnam is a signing party.
2. Promote the strength of the great national unity
Raise awareness and responsibilities of the entire Party and the entire people on promoting the strength of the great national unity in the new context. Take the goal of building Vietnam into a country of peace, independence, unification, territorial integrity, wealthy people, strong country, democratic, just and civilized society as a common target; abolish self-esteem, prejudices against people’s pasts and social classes; accept differences which are not contrary to the common interests of the nation; heighten the national spirits, traditions of benevolence and righteousness, tolerance, etc. to rally and unite the people on a common front, enhancing social consensus. The great national unity must be based on harmonious treatment of interest relations between members in the society. The unity within the Party is the nuclei, the solid base for the building of the great national unity bloc. The Party’s committees and governmental administrations at all the levels must regularly hold dialogues with the people, listen to, learn from and acknowledge people’s opinions, solve people’s difficulties, obstacles; place confidence in the people and show respect to people who express different opinions; implement mass mobilization work and provide mechanisms and legal basis to enable the people to express their views, aspirations and to implement their right as the owner.
Pay attention to education, training, mid-career training and development of the working class both in terms of quantity and quality; enhance the workers’ political zeal, educational and professional levels, working skills, professional etiquette, working disciplines, to meet the requirements of national industrialization, modernization and international integration. Promote the role of the working class as the leading class of the revolution through the Communist Party of Vietnam as the pioneering force; make amendment to and supplement of policies, laws on wages, social insurance, health insurance and to improve housing and working conditions, etc. in order to protect the rights and to improve the material and spiritual lives of the working class.
Build and bring into play the role of the peasantry - the subject of the process of agricultural and rural development. Raise the consciousness level of the peasantry and to provide favorable conditions for the peasantry to contribute more to and benefit more from the process of national industrialization and modernization. Assist and encourage the peasantry in taking vocational training, shifting the labor structure, receiving and applying scientific and technological achievements and to create favorable conditions for farmers to shift to industrial production and service work. Improve living standards of the population in rural areas; to implement effectively and sustainably hunger eradication and poverty alleviation and lawful enrichment.
Build a strong contingent of intellectuals of high quality, meeting requirements of the national development process. Respect and promote freedom of thoughts in research and creative activities. Make good use of intellectuals on the basis of proper assessments of their qualifications, capacity and dedication results. To protect intellectual property rights, honor the contributions of the intellectuals. Formulate special policies applicable to talented people of the nation. Attach importance to the role of social consultancy, debates and supervision and assessments of scientific research agencies in the formulation of orientations and policies of the Party and the State and social, cultural, economic development projects. Maintain close connections between the Party and the State and the intellectuals and vice versa.
Facilitate the building and development of a strong contingent of entrepreneurs who have good management and business ability and high sense of professional ethics and social responsibilities. Bring into full play the potentials and active role of entrepreneurs in production and business development; expand domestic and overseas investment; to generate jobs, incomes for workers; produce commodities, services for the country and exports, contributing to the national budget; improve product quality; build and maintain trademarks of Vietnamese goods; further contribute to the national construction and defense.
Successfully implement the education work on politics, ideology, traditions, ideals, morality and ways of living; create favorable conditions for studies, working, recreation, physical and intellectual development of the young generation. Encourage and embolden the youth to foster great dreams and ambitions, to be in the vanguard, creative and to master advanced sciences and technologies. Form a young generation of excellence in all areas to successfully and loyally continue the revolutionary cause of the Party and the nation, making significant contributions to the acceleration of industrialization, modernization, national construction and defense of the socialist Vietnamese Homeland. Attract youngsters, teenagers and children into organizations sponsored by the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union on a wide scale.
Enhance women’s knowledge in all domains and improve their material and spiritual lives. Study, supplement and strengthen laws, policies applicable to female labors, create conditions for women to successfully realize their role; increase the proportion of female participation in the Party’s committees and State managerial apparatus. be determined in fighting against social evils and acts of violence against, trading in, harming and violating the dignity of women.
Uphold traditions of Uncle Ho’s soldiers of the war veterans and encourage them to participate actively in building and protecting the Party, the State, the socialist system and the people. Encourage veterans to assist one another in doing business, improving life standards, and actively participate in the imparting of patriotism, love for socialism and revolutionary heroism for the young generation; battle bureaucracy, corruption, wastefulness and social evils; build and consolidate political bases and build a healthy and strong Party and administration.
Pay attention to health care of the elderly people and to create conditions for them to enjoy cultural products, access to information and to live a happy and healthy life. Bring into play the intellect and experiences of the elderly people in life, work and studies in the society and families. Intensify the movement of building families where “grandparents and parents are exemplary and grandchildren and children are dutiful”; provide support to solitary and lonely aged people.
The unity between ethnic peoples holds a strategic position in the revolutionary cause of our country. Peoples in the grand family of Vietnam are equal to each other, united, caring and showing love for and respect to each other, and assist one another for progresses and successfully realize industrialization, modernization and national construction and defense for a wealthy people, a strong country, a democratic, equitable and civilized society. Study and develop mechanisms and policies to generate major economic, cultural and social improvement in ethnic minority areas. Enhance examination and assessment of the implementation orientations, policies of the Party and the State on ethnic peoples at all the levels. Battle ethnic-rooted discrimination; strictly punish plots and acts aiming at separating, damaging the great national unity bloc.
Continue to complete policies and laws on beliefs, religions in line with the Party’s positions. Uphold the moral and cultural values of religions; encourage religious organizations, dignitaries and followers to “have a good social life and a good religious life”, actively contributing to the national construction and defense. Pay attention to and facilitate religious organizations in practicing their religions in accordance with the charters, regulations of the respective organizations, as recognized by the State and in accordance with the laws. At the same time, take initiatives in preventing and be determined in fighting against acts of abusing beliefs, religions to delude, cause separation and damage to the great national unity bloc.
Overseas Vietnamese constitutes an inseparable part of the Vietnamese nation. The State issues mechanisms, policies to assist and help them enjoy a stable life, economic development, contributing to enhancing cooperation, friendship between our people and peoples in other countries; the State facilitates overseas Vietnamese to maintain and uphold national cultural identities, to return to the homeland and to contribute to the national construction.
The Fatherland Front and mass organizations continue to strengthen the organization, renew contents, forms of operations, overcome administrationization, bringing into full play the core role in rallying, uniting the people to build political bases of the people’s administration; implement democracy and enforce social supervision and debates; participate in the building of a healthy, strong Party and State; organize patriotic emulation movements; mobilize people of all strata in the implementation of economic, cultural and social development and defense and security tasks.
XI. ENHANCING DEVELOPMENT OF THE LAW-GOVERNED SOCIALIST STATE OF VIETNAM
1. Raise awareness on the development of a law- governed socialist State
Continue to accelerate the development and strengthening of a law- governed socialist State, ensuring that our State is truly of the people, by the people and for the people, led by the Party; successfully implement the functions of economic management and social management; to properly tackle the relationship between the State and other organizations in the political system, the people and the market. Strengthen law-abiding management and governance capacity of the State and to enhance the socialist legal system and disciplines and rules. The State cares for and serves the people, protects the legitimate rights and interests of all the people. Study, develop and supplement institutions and specific operating mechanisms in order to ensure the principles that all state power belongs to the people and that the state power is unified, with assignment, coordination and control of agencies in the implementation of the legislative, executive and judicial powers. Strengthen the role and effectiveness of economic management of the State in accordance with requirements of the development of a socialist-oriented market economy. Continue to improve the legal system, mechanisms and policies for efficient operation of the economy and successful implementation of international commitments and protection of national interests.
Expeditiously study, amend and supplement the 1992 Constitution (amended and supplemented in 2001) in accordance with the new situation. Continue to formulate and step-by-step strengthen mechanisms for inspection and supervision of the constitutionality, legality in the operations and decisions of state-power bodies.
2. Continue innovating State organizations and operation
Renew organization and operation of the National Assembly; ensuring that the National Assembly is in essence the highest representative body of the people, the highest power body of the State; improve mechanism of the National Assembly election so that voters can select and elect their representatives who really represent them to the Parliament; improve quality of the National Assembly to increase reasonable number of full - time representatives; develop mechanism to support National Assembly members to link closely to and be responsible to voters; improve the performance of the Council on Nationality and other Committees of the National Assembly, and quality the National Assembly members and of delegation; carry out research and entrust questioning rights to the Council on Nationality and Committees; continue promoting democracy, publicity and dialogue in discussions and hearings at the National Assembly forum.
Continue to renovate and enhance the quality of law making, firstly the process of law and ordinances making; laws and ordinances need specific provisions of high feasibility to be rapidly enforced in reality; Perform better tasks of making decisions and monitoring important issues of the country, especially key national projects, allocating and executing budget; Monitor activities of judicial authorities and work of prevention and fight against bureaucratism, corruption and wastefulness.
Study and define more clearly the State President’s rights and responsibilities to fully implement functions of the national leader on behalf of the State on internal, external affairs and to control armed forces, and the relations between President and legislative, executive and judicial authorities.
Continue renewing organization and operation of the Government towards building a consistent, transparent, clean and strong, effective and efficient administration system; to streamline the organizations in a rational manner; increase democracy and law-governance of the Government’s administration; enhance forecasting capacity; respond and provide prompt solution to emerging problems; clearly define duties, powers, responsibilities and organizations of ministries and ministerial-level agencies; settle vacancy or duplication of functions and tasks among ministries and sectors; review and make assessment on the implementation of policies on rearrangement of multi-sector and multi-domain ministries and departments to identify appropriate solutions; implement rationally the decentralization of power to local governments along with improving quality of planning and increasing control and supervision work of the central authority; associate their power and responsibilities.
Promote administrative reforms, especially administrative procedures; Reduce and abolish all kinds of administrative procedures causing troubles to organizations and citizens. Improve capacity and quality of formulating and implementing of mechanisms and policies to promote socialization of public services in line with the mechanism of a socialist-oriented market economy.
Promote the implementation of Judicial Reform Strategy towards 2020; build a clean, strong judicial system which protects justice, respects and protects human rights. Strengthen policies, criminal laws, civil laws, litigation proceedings and organization of judicial agencies; ensuring scientific and synchronous characteristics and upholding independence, objectiveness and law-abidingness of each agency and judicial title. Renew organizational system of the courts of justice in accordance with jurisdiction power; ensure that court hearings reform is the focus of judicial reform; extend to the Courts the power to make jurisdiction over administrative complaints. Organize a procuracy system that is suitable to the organizational system of the courts of justice, ensure better conditions for the people's procuracy to effectively perform function of prosecution and control over judicial activities; enhance prosecution responsibility in investigation activities; to associate prosecution with investigation activities. Reorganize, strengthen organization and operation of investigating agents in the direction of streamlining focal points; to clearly identify legal investigation and reconnaissance activities in fighting against crime. Continue renewing and strengthening legal support organizations; enhance professional capacity and ethics of legal officials and legal support officials; increase supervision mechanisms, ensure the participation and supervision of the people in judicial activities.
Continue renovating the organization and operation of local governments. Improve the operational quality of people's councils and people's committees at all levels; Ensure the autonomy and responsibility in decision making and policy implementation in their delegated sphere of authority; study the organization and power of local authorities in rural, urban areas and islands; continue the experimental implementation of policy of removal of people’s councils at district and ward levels.
3. Build contingent of clean cadres and civil servants with competent capability to meet requirements of the new situation
Revise, supplement and strengthen regulations on management of cadres, civil servants; clearly define functions, duties, responsibilities and authority of each official, civil servant; enhance responsibilities of openness, transparency, accountability in public services; improve quality of officials and civil servants in terms of professional ethics, capacity of leadership, direction, administration and governance; develop policies of offering incentives and encouraging, inspiring those who fulfill their duties, and develop mechanisms of dismissing and revoking those who do not complete their tasks, violate disciplines, lose credibility to the people; review the work of “integration” of particular leading Party and State positions so as to introduce relevant policies; implement election, reassignment in a way that the deputy head is recommended by the head to be considered and decided by competent authority.
4. Actively prevent and resolutely fight against corruption and wastefulness; practice thrift
Prevent and fight against corruption, wastefulness and practice thrift as urgent and long-term tasks. All leading cadres of the Party, State, Fatherland Front and people’s organizations from central to grassroots levels and each Party member have to set an example and directly participate in the fight against corruption and wastefulness.
Continue strengthening institutions and promoting administrative reforms for anti-corruption and wastefulness, particularly in areas prone to corruption and wastefulness; study the decentralization and clear definition of work functions for all agencies and levels in corruption prevention; focus on measures of corruption and wastefulness prevention; practice economic and financial transparency and accountability in administrative agencies, public services providers, State-owned enterprises. Practice publicity and transparency in mechanisms, policies, investment projects, basic construction, procurement from state budget, mobilization of people's contribution, management and use of land and public properties, official designation. Effectively implement enumeration and declaration of assets and income of officials and civil servants defined by regulations. Reform salary and income policies, ensuring living conditions for officials and civil servants to contribute to corruption prevention and fighting. Strengthen regulations on responsibilities of the head if corruption and wastefulness found. Lawfully, timely and publicly deal with corrupted officials; confiscate and expropriate assets derived from corruption. Enforce sanction measures to organizations and individuals who cause severe losses and wastefulness of state and people’s properties. Improve audit, control and supervision work of functional authorities. Develop mechanisms to encourage and protect those who actively fight against corruption, wastefulness; at the same time apply strict penalty to those who intentionally try to prevent corruption, wastefulness or abuse corruption accusation to slander and harm others, causing internal disunity. Honor good examples of integrity. Sum up and evaluate mechanism and organizational model of anti-corruption agencies for appropriate guidelines and solutions.
Attach much importance to and enhance the role of elected bodies, the Fatherland Front, people’s organizations, mass media and the people in supervising officials, civil servants, detecting and fighting against corruption and wastefulness, encouraging movements of savings in production and consumption.
XII- ENHANCING LEADERSHIP CAPACITY AND COMBATIVENESS OF THE PARTY
1. Strengthen the Party politically
Be persistent in Marxism - Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought, creatively apply and develop those theories in line with the situation in Vietnam; be persistent in the objective of national independence and socialism. Improve political spirit, intellectual level of the whole Party and of each official and Party member, firstly key leading cadres at all levels to avoid oscillation in any circumstance. Be persistent in policies of renewal and fight against dogma, conservation, stagnation and subjectivism, impatience to avoid renewal without principles.
Quickly deploy concretization, institutionalization and effectively implement the 11th National Party Congress’s Resolutions on the Political Program (supplemented, revised in 2011), Socio-economic Development Strategy 2011-2020, 5-year orientations and tasks 2011-2015 and the Party’s Statues (amended, supplemented), connect more cohesively and comprehensively tasks of economic development as the core, Party building as the key and culture development as the spiritual foundation of society.
2. Improve the quality and efficiency of ideological and theoretical work
Improve theoretical study and review of reality, to define clearly some issues with regard to the ruling party, socialism, path to socialism in our country and newly emerging issues in renewal process, constantly develop theories, set appropriate policies and guidelines to meet requirements of national development; overcome shortcomings and weaknesses in theoretical study work. Create a democratic scientific environment for discussion and debates, encourage creativity, promote individual and collective capacity in politically theoretical study. Improve quality of operation of theoretical research institutions, improve the implementation of theoretical study to meet requirements of practical situation. Review 30 years of renewal.
Continue reforming contents and methods, further enhance combativeness, persuasiveness and effectiveness of ideological work, propaganda and study of Marxism - Leninism, Ho Chi Minh Thought, Party’s viewpoints, State policies and laws; carry out propaganda programs of and encourage new factors, typical examples, examples of “Good persons – Good behaviors”; to educate the patriotic and revolutional tradition. Renew and improve quality of education in political theory, civil education in political schools and schools in the national education system. Develop and work out regulations of all party members in ideological work. Key staff of party committees must frequently meet and directly dialogue with the people; actively capture, evaluate and forecast thoughts and feelings of officials and Party members to have timely solutions. Resolutely fight against all schemes and actions of "peaceful evolution" by hostile forces. Actively prevent, combat and criticize the expression of "self-evolution", “self-transformation” within our ranks; to overcome degradation in political ideology, ethics and lifestyle in a group of cadres and Party members. Preserve unity within the Party and social consensus. Reform activities of commemorating important events towards practical and effective implication.
3. Develop revolutionary morality, fight against individualism
The learning and following of Ho Chi Minh’s Moral Example maintain an important, regular and long-term work of cadres and Party members, Party cells and organizations, and various strata. Each official and Party member has to constantly build up revolutionary ethics, setting an example of ethics and lifestyle. Senior cadres must set good examples to junior ones and the people.
Cadres and Party members must enhance their sense of responsibility to the Homeland, the Party and the people, dedicating whole-heartedly to serve the Homeland and the People. Party organizations must create favorable conditions for Party members to work with high productivity, quality, efficiency, contributing to overall development of the country. Criticism and self-criticism in Party activities need to be accelerated.
Effectively implement the “Regulation on mass mobilization” in the political system; to reform and improve quality of mass mobilization work; periodically collect comments from the people on ethics of cadres and Party members. Strictly handle all cadres and members who violate regulations on responsibilities, ethics and lifestyle.
4. Continue to innovate and strengthen the Party organization, apparatus and political system
Continue defining functions, tasks and organizational models of organizations in the political system. Make early reviews on the merge of some central commissions, ministries and agencies in order to map out appropriate policies. Reorganize and improve quality of advisory bodies, contingent of advisory staff, especially at strategic level.
Review, evaluate the situation, propose solutions to strengthen and renew organizational models and operation modes of Party organizations, especially Party Caucus and Designated Party Representation. Focus on directing and strengthening weak party organizations; timely reorganize and strengthen Party committees and increase the number of cadres in areas with difficulties and internal disunity. Focus on renewing and improving operational quality of Party committees, Party organizations, quality of self-criticism and criticism in Party activities.
Promote democracy in its true meaning in activities of Party Cells and Party committees from grassroots to central levels including the Secretariat, the Political Bureau, the Central Committee, maintaining strict Party’s disciplines. Strictly follow the principle of democratic centralism, fighting against bureaucratism, factionalism, localism, unprincipled working style, discipline violation, democracy violation.
5. Consolidate grassroots Party organizations and improve the quality of Party members
Focus on strengthening and improving the leadership capacity and combativeness of grassroots Party organizations, generate obvious improvement in the quality of operations of such organizations, particularly those in non-productive bodies and enterprises of all economic sectors. Consolidate the organization of the political system, ensure the comprehensive leadership of the Party at the grassroots. Pay attention to training, mid-career training and building of the contingent of Party committees’ members, firstly secretaries of Party committees. Implement rejuvenation, standardization, promote training on skills and profession in accordance with titles of grassroots officials.
Renew and enhance the management and development of Party members, ensure the quality of Party members as required by the Party’s Charter. Develop specific criteria and requirements on political ideology, qualifications, quality and ethnics, ways of living of Party members to meet the requirements of the new revolutionary period; bring into full play the exemplary vanguard, initiative, creativeness of Party members in performing their assigned tasks. Resolutely expel unqualified persons from the Party. Review and evaluate results and experiences in order to continue the implementation of the Regulation No. 15-QD/TW of the Central Executive Committee (10th Tenure) concerning Party members undertaking private business. Execute pilot implementation of recruitment of Party members among qualified private business owners.
6. Innovate personnel work, attach importance to the internal political protection
Continue to renew vigorously and comprehensively renew personnel work. Successfully implement the Strategy on personnel in the period of speeding up industrialization, modernization; renew thought and methods of implementation, overcome shortcomings and weaknesses in each part of personnel work. Develop and strictly implement mechanisms and policies on detection, selection, training and mid-career training of officials; put virtuous and talented persons into deserved positions. Improve the quality of training and mid-career training of officials; overcome the trend of polishing oneself by certificates and credentials. Successfully implement personnel human resource planning and creating official sources, pay attention to young, female and ethnic minority officials and experts in different fields; plan to develop strategic personnel. Evaluate and properly make full use of officials on the basis of a developed, supplemented and completed criteria and procedures; work performance and credibility as assessed by the people should be the main indicator. Do not appoint persons who are unqualified, in virtue or talent, and opportunistic. Strictly implement mechanisms on position-leaving, dismissal and resignation of leaders and managerial staff. Promptly replace those who are unqualified in quality and competence, fail to complete the assigned tasks and have diminished prestige. Formulate mechanisms to strictly handle cases of soliciting positions, power, place, mitigation of offence, age, qualifications and medals. Rotate the position of leaders and managerial staff in accordance with the planning of branches and levels; overcome departmentalism. Enhance education and management of officials. Attach importance to the development of the contingent of leaders and managerial staff at all levels and leading experts in various fields. Renew, rejuvenate the contingent of leaders and managerial staff, combine ages, ensuring continuity, succession and development.
Study to issue and successfully implement policies on the use and management of officials and Party members who have problems in their political background. Attach importance to grasping and resolving current political problems. Definitely resolve pending cases.
7. Renew, enhance the effectiveness of the control and supervision work
The Party’s committees and organizations at all levels must raise the sense of responsibility, better implement the control and supervision work as required by the Party’s Charter. Focus on control and supervision of the observance of the Party’s Charter, resolutions, directives, regulations, State’s laws, policies; the observance of the principle of democratic centralism, working regulations, working regimes, practice of democracy within the Party, protection the internal unity; the practice of thrift and prevention of and fight against corruption and wastefulness, consolidation of moral qualifications, life style of officials, Party’s members; the direction and organization of the implementation of the administrative and judicial reforms; the investigation, prosecution, adjudication and execution of sentences, particularly with regards to serious cases which cause pressing concerns among the public opinion; Inspect and supervise the recruitment, planning, rotation, training, appointment, assignment and use of officials. Attach importance to the control and supervision of the implementation of the assigned tasks and duties of heads of bodies and organizations of the Party, the State, the Fatherland Front and people’s organizations at all levels. The Party’s control and supervision must be in close coordination with the inspection work of the government, the supervision work of the National Assembly and executive and judicial bodies, the Fatherland Front and people’s organizations in accordance with the functions and competences of the respective bodies.
Improve the quality of officials and operations of inspection committees at all levels. Complete a mechanism for coordination between the Party’s inspection committees with the Party’s organizations and law-protecting bodies in considering complaints, denunciations and handling officials and Party members who violate disciplines.
8. Continue innovating the modes of Party leadership
Focus on reviewing, supplementing, adjusting, promulgating new ones, developing a comprehensive system of working regulations and procedures in order to continuously innovate the modes of Party leadership over the operations of the political system. Overcome the situation that the Party takes upon itself the business of the State or loosens its leadership over State governance bodies. Innovate the modes of Party leadership over the Fatherland Front and people’s organizations, respecting the principle of democratic consultation in the organization and operation of the Vietnam Fatherland Front. Innovate the working style and manner of the Party’s leading bodies from the central to local levels. Successfully exercise collective leadership in parallel with upholding the spirits of initiative, creativeness and personal accountability, particularly accountability of the leading officials. Bring into full play the role and responsibilities of the Party’s organizations, members and Party committees’ members working in state agencies, the Fatherland Front and people’s organizations. Innovate resolution-making method and focus on leading and steering the implementation of and inspection, preliminary summing-up, summing-up of the implementation of the Party’s resolutions. Speed up the reform of administrative procedures within the Party, overcoming the cumbersome and unreasonable procedures, reducing paperwork and meetings; have a deep understanding of the reality and the grassroots; have words matching deeds.
In the 11th Tenure, emphasis should be put on leadership and guidance on creating dramatic changes in implementing the following key tasks:
- To enhance the Party’s leadership capacity and combativeness.
- To facilitate administrative reform, particularly in administrative procedures concerning the organization and operation of enterprises, and activities of the people.
- To improve the quality of human resources to meet the requirements of the national industrialization, modernization and international integration.
- To develop a compatible, comprehensive economic infrastructure system, particularly the transportation system, a factor that is acting as an obstacle to economic development and causing pressing concerns among the people.
- To innovate the distribution relationship, policies on wages and incomes of officials, public employees, staff, workers; to overcome unreasonable issues and negative impacts of the current distribution relationship, wage and income policies.
- To focus on the settlement of urgent social problems (degradation in ethics and lifestyle, social vices, social order and discipline).
- To accelerate and enhance the effectiveness of the prevention of and the fight against corruption and wastefulness to actually preclude and drive back these problems.
Our country has overcome significant difficulties and challenges and has been steadily moving forward. The world’s situation is dramatically changing, creating many opportunities and posing various challenges to our country at the same time. The 11th National Congress affirms the determination of the entire Party and the entire people to successfully grasp opportunities, overcome challenges, enhance the Party’s leadership capacity and combativeness, uphold the strength of the entire nation, comprehensively accelerate the renewal process, develop the country rapidly and sustainably, successfully implement the targets of wealthy people, strong country, democracy, equity, civilization, and steadily moving toward socialism./
THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE
The proportion of labor in agriculture is down to 48.2 percent in 2010 from 57.1 percent in 2005; labor in industry and construction increases to 22.4 percent in 2010 from 18.2 percent in 2005; labor in services increases to 29.4 percent in 2010 from 24.7 percent in 2005.
As regards sector proportion within GDP, industry and construction is 41.1 percent (target was between 43 and 44 percent); services is 38.3 percent (target was between 40 and 41 percent); agriculture is 20.6 percent (target was between 15 and 16 percent).