Vietnam eyes sustainable development of coastal cities
Vietnam aims for a model of coastal eco-cities that are smart, climate-resilient, and sustainably developed, where urban planning for coastal areas will center around people, said insiders.
The Cai Lan International Container Terminal in Quang Ninh province__Photo: VNA/VLLF

Vietnam aims for a model of coastal eco-cities that are smart, climate-resilient, and sustainably developed, where urban planning for coastal areas will center around people, said insiders.

According to planning and architecture experts, it is necessary to select and make a rational and balanced land allocation commensurate with economic objectives; and ensure a well-organized system of public spaces and seaside squares within urban areas of various sizes.

Assoc. Prof Do Tu Lan and Dr. Dao Ngoc Nhu from the Urban Development Agency under the Ministry of Construction (MOC), underlined the necessity for urban design in coastal areas, especially the spaces in front of the sea.

Architectural works near the coast should have designs that are suitable for climate conditions, they said.

Experts and managers should identify focal points for coastal urban areas, especially entrance spaces, areas near seaports, and central squares, which adhere to green and smart construction standards, they added.

With more than 3,200 km of coastline, about 3,000 islands of all sizes, hundreds of beautiful beaches, and pristine bays, Vietnam boasts great potential for marine economic development, Lan said.

Urban areas in general, and coastal urban areas in particular, are playing a significant role in the socioeconomic development of each locality, region, and the entire nation.

Efficient planning, management, and development of coastal urban areas are closely linked with environmental protection and adaptation to climate change. These are crucial issues that contribute to the sustainable development of the maritime economy, while simultaneously facilitating the transition towards industrialization and modernization in the economic structure, she noted.

Taking into account tourism development in coastal cities, Assoc. Prof. Pham Trung Luong, Vice President of the Vietnam Association for the Protection of Marine Resources and Environment and a member of the National Planning Advisory Group, emphasized the importance of promoting sustainable and smart marine tourism urban development, saying that this element creates convenience and attractiveness for tourists, aligning with the global and regional trends in developing tourism destinations.

It is necessary to improve the system for collecting and processing waste from tourism to minimize negative impacts on the environment in general, and the coastal environment in particular, he said.

The Politburo issued Resolution No.06-NQ/TW dated January 24, 2022 on planning, construction, management, and sustainable development of urban areas in Vietnam till 2030, with a vision toward 2045, affirming urbanization is an objective necessity and a crucial driving force for rapid and sustainable socioeconomic development in the coming years.

According to the strategy for sustainable development of Vietnam's marine economy until 2030 with a vision to 2045, pure marine economic sectors will account for about 10% of the national GDP by 2030; and the economies of 28 coastal cities and provinces are estimated to mark up 65-70 percent of the GDP.

By 2045, Vietnam will become a strong maritime nation characterized by sustainable development, prosperity, security, and safety, and its marine economy will play a crucial role in the national economy.

These ambitious goals serve as significant directions, opening up opportunities and providing a driving force for coastal areas, including coastal cities.

Currently, there are over 40 coastal cities across the country, including HCM City, Da Nang, Nha Trang, Vung Tau, Rach Gia, Phu Quoc. The urban areas, including coastal ones, account for approximately 70 percent of the national GDP growth, and increasingly demonstrate their importance for the nation’s socioeconomic development. Economic growth in urban areas averages between 12 percent - 15 percent, 1.2 to 1.5 times higher than the national average growth rate.

Urban development serves as a motivation for economic growth, contributing to developing an independent, self-reliant, and integrated economy.- (VNA/VLLF)

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