Vietnam Law & Legal Forum Magazine is your gateway to the law of Vietnam

Official Gazette

Saturday, January 18, 2020

Party Central Committee decides on major issues

Updated: 15:21’ - 29/10/2012

The sixth plenum of the Communist Party of Vietnam Central Committee (CPVCC) wrapped up its 15-day session on October 15, reaching a high unanimity on many important guidelines and policies in the fields of socio-economic development, education and training, science and technology, and Party building.

According to an announcement released at the end of the session, the CPVCC scrutinized and discussed the socio-economic situation in 2012 and orientations and tasks for 2013. The Committee said that the country is performing the tasks of 2012 in the context of complicated changes and more-than-predicted difficulties in the world economy.

The country has recorded a number of important achievements and is striving to fulfill the yearly target. The economy registered a growth rate of 4.73 per cent in the first nine months and the yearly figure is expected to reach 5.2 per cent. Inflation has been curbed, the macro-economy has become more stable, many production and service sectors have continued to develop and social security has been ensured.

However, the economy is still facing a lot of difficulties and challenges. The macro-economy is yet to be really stable and inflation control results are not sustainable. Businesses still face many difficulties, especially in accessing credit loans and large inventory. Non-performing loans remain high and tend to increase. The stagnant real estate market is unable to recover with numerous hidden risks. Difficulties are also seen in the life of some groups of people. The filing of complaints, crimes and social problems still see complicated developments.
In 2013, the world economy is forecast to continue to see unpredictable developments with numerous difficulties and hidden risks. The year will be a key period in Vietnam’s five-year 2010-2015 socio-economic development plan.

The overall objective for 2013 is to strengthen macroeconomic stability, curb inflation and attain a higher growth rate than 2012.

Concretely, GDP will grow around 5.5%; export value, 10% and trade deficit, around 8%. The state budget deficit will not exceed 4.8% of GDP and the CPI rise rate will be kept at 7-8%. 

Discussing a project to continue the restructuring, renovation and improvement of the efficiency of state enterprises, the Committee said important results have been recorded in this field over the past ten-plus years. The number of state enterprises has been reduced from 5,374 to 1,060, operating mainly in key industries and sectors. 

The Committee seriously pointed out limitations and shortcomings in the implementation of the Party’s policies on the restructuring and renovation of state enterprises and improvement of their efficiency. The process remained slow due to poor organization and a lack of close instructions. Some businesses have seriously violated the state regulations on management of investment capital, causing losses of state assets but detection and handling were slow.

The Committee emphasized the need to continue the drastic restructuring and renovation of state enterprises so that they can maintain their core role as an important material force for the State to regulate the economy and stabilize the macro economy.

It urged an early completion of the restructuring of existing wholly state-owned enterprises, focusing on those operating in key sectors including defense industry, naturally monopolistic industries, provision of essential public services and some other underpinning industries. The situation of non-core investment must be ended. The State will withdraw all of its capital from enterprises with under 50% of state capital by 2015.

The trial operation of state economic groups will be completed with a number of these groups will be transformed into corporations.

The establishment of a state agency to uniformly perform the function of representing the owner of state enterprises will be studied.

The Committee issued conclusions on continued reorganization, renovation and improvement of the efficiency of state enterprises.

Regarding the continued renovation of policies and laws on land in the period of speeding up the national industrialization and modernization, the CPVCC stressed that land is an invaluable natural resource, a special means of production, a great asset and resource of the country, and a means of existence of people.

The administration and use of land is a wide, complex and important issue that relates to the protection of revolutionary achievements and socio-political stability as well as the sustainable development of the country.

Committee said the renovation and perfection of land policies and law must focus on land use planning; land allocation and lease; land recovery and resettlement compensations and support; land registration and grant of land use right certificates; the rights and obligations of land users; the development of the real estate market; financial policies on land; and land prices.

The CPVCC considered and discussed the projects on the fundamental and comprehensive renewal of education and training and on science and technology development in the conditions of the socialist-oriented market economy and international integration.

It said that with the leadership and close guidance of the Party and State, the attention of the whole society and the efforts of teachers, administrators and scientists, the country’s education and training and science and technology activities have recorded important achievements in terms of the size and quality of education at all levels; management work; teaching staff; scientific and technological research and application, potential, market and services; and international cooperation. 

However, the two sectors have also revealed limitations and shortcomings. The quality of education and training, especially tertiary education and vocational training, remains low, failing to meet the requirements of national industrialization and modernization. 

Scientific and technological activities are yet to become a key momentum for socio-economic development. The training, employment and treatment of scientific and technical staff show many shortcomings while social investment in the field remains low and ineffective. 

The CPVCC affirmed that education and training is a cause of the whole Party, State and people, and a leading national policy to improve people’s knowledge, train human resources and nurture talented people. Investment for education and training must be a top priority. 

It asked for the strong and fundamental renovation of the awareness and way of thinking of education and training, education administration, contents and methods of education, forms and methods of assessing the quality of education, as well as financial investment mechanisms and policies in this sector.

Science and technology, together with education and training, must be really leading national policies and the most important engine for national development.

The Committee emphasized the need to continue the strong and synchronous renovation of the organization and management mechanism of scientific and technological activities, considering it a breakthrough. Human resources for science and technology are defined as a decisive factor for the sector’s development.

Science and technology should be given priority in terms of national resources to create impulses for the field’s development while the proactive cooperation and the intensive and effective global integration in the field should be promoted.

By 2020, Vietnam’s science and technology should reach the level of advanced ASEAN countries. By 2030, some of its scientific and technological fields should attain the advanced level in the world and its scientific and technological potential should meet the basic requirements of a modernity-oriented industrial country.

The Committee adopted a separate resolution on science and technology development.  

The CPVCC scrutinized and discussed the personnel planning for the Central Committee, the Political Bureau, Secretariat and key Party and State positions in the 2016-2021 tenure and subsequent terms.

It affirmed that personnel is a decisive factor for the success of the revolution, in close connection with the fate of the Party, the country and the regime. 

The personnel planning aims to prepare an abundant supply source of strategic-level officials, who will be trained, nurtured and tested in order to meet immediate and long-term tasks and serve as an important premise for personnel work for the national Party Congress and the high-ranking staff planning of the Party and State in the 2016-2021 tenure and subsequent terms. 

The Committee said that high-ranking officials must have sufficient qualifications, virtues and prestige, and hold firm to the ideal and the goal of national independence and socialism so as to successfully lead the national construction and defense in the new situation.

It stressed the need to actively discover and train officials, especially young people who show their talents through their work performance and increase the proportion of young, female and ethnic minority officials and those working in science, technology, culture and arts. Attention must also be paid to those with working, farming or academic background.

There must be three different age groups in the CPVCC to ensure continuation, inheritance and development, and the Committee must have an appropriate structure to ensure a comprehensive leadership. 

It considered, discussed and gave comments on the results of self-criticism and criticism by the Politburo and Secretariat as a whole and each member in the spirit of the Resolution of the CPVCC’s 4th plenum on some urgent issues on Party building at present. 

After more than two months of preparation, from July 12, the Politburo and Secretariat started to conduct self-criticism and criticism. 

The self-criticism and criticism lasted 21 days, including four days for the collectives, 12 days for individual members and five days for discussions to clarify some related reports and issues.  

On outstanding strong points, the Politburo and Secretariat is a united leadership collective holding firm to political thoughts and the goals and ideals of the Party, Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought as well as a strong determination to protect the Party, the regime, national independence and sovereignty.

In general, the Politburo and Secretariat members are always aware of following revolutionary morality; have a healthy, simple and unpretentious lifestyle; and wholeheartedly strive for the cause of the Party and the nation.

On the main shortcomings, the Politburo and Secretariat failed to prevent and surmount the problems among not a small number of Party officials and members, including those holding leading and managerial positions, even senior officials, which include degradation in political thought, morality and lifestyle, faded belief in ideals, falling into individualism and pragmatism; running after fame, wealth and position; involving in sectionalism, corruption and waste, being arbitrary and undisciplined.

On some occasions, a number of Politburo and Secretariat members (both incumbent and retired) and their families failed to set examples in morality and lifestyle, their deeds did not match their words, affecting the prestige of the party and state agencies and themselves as well as the people’s trust in the Party. 

The Politburo and Secretariat failed to focus attention on directing the clarification and the full assessment of the situation in order to take timely and resolute measures to surmount negative phenomena in personnel work such as bargaining for position and power and buying academic degrees. The children of some leading officials were promoted not on the basis of ability, qualification and performance record, causing discontent among the public.

The Politburo and Secretariat had major shortcomings in directing, inspecting and supervising the organization of the implementation of the CPVCC’s resolutions and conclusions on state enterprises. They lacked thorough understanding and research in the issuance of some decisions (on decentralization of management of key officials of special-grade state economic groups and corporations as well as on the Party organization model in several state groups and corporations), resulting in the relaxation of the Party leadership in these businesses. 

The loose management by state agencies (after abolishing the Law on State Enterprises and the regime of managing ministry and handing over the autonomy and accountability to businesses), together with the prolongation of the pilot model of state economic groups and delayed review, was among the reasons for the ineffective operations and wrongdoings of some state economic groups and corporations, particularly Vinashin and Vinalines.

Right in the process of preparing for and conducting self-criticism and criticism, the Politburo directed the building of the process, procedures and method of taking and casting confidence votes on those holding positions elected or ratified by the National Assembly and People’s Councils, the drafting of a personnel planning for the CPVCC, the Politburo, the Secretariat and key Party and State positions submitted to the Committee’s 6th plenum.

The Committee also issued documents on guidance for question-and-answer sessions at the CPVCC’s meetings, and conclusions on stepping up personnel planning and rotating leading and managerial officials until 2020 and the subsequent years, and decided to re-assign tasks to some the committee’s members.

The Committee sincerely apologized the entire Party and people for those shortcomings and weaknesses, and pledged to try its best to gradually solve them.-

VNL_KH1 

Send Us Your Comments:

See also:

Video

Vietnam Law & Legal Forum