Career orientation, job counseling and startup assistance would be incorporated in educational programs of all levels, ranging from primary education to higher education.
It is highlighted in a draft circular designed by the Ministry of Education and Training (MOET) to provide tasks of, and measures and conditions for, conducting career orientation, job counseling and startup assistance in education institutions, which would apply to primary schools, lower and upper secondary schools, specialized schools, general universities, academies, universities, and teachers’ colleges and intermediate schools.
Particularly for primary education, pupils would be provided with initial knowledge so as to acknowledge the jobs of their parents and relatives as well as other common jobs in the society and traditional jobs in their localities. Students would also have chances to learn and practice some basic skills such as self-management skills and social skills.
Lower secondary schools would have to organize clubs, extracurricular activities and fairs on occupations, enterprises and the labor market to provide students with relevant information serving the making of career choices in the future.
Meanwhile, upper secondary students would be guided to exploit information on higher education institutions and training programs as well as job-seeking conditions and job opportunities if they want to participate in the labor market after graduation. Schools would have to hold annual festivals on enrollment consultation, career orientation and employment for twelfth-graders.
At higher education level, students would be provided with information on employment and recruitment, skills and attitudes required by employers in certain occupational groups, and labor market demands related to training disciplines and several job seeking skills. Universities and colleges would incorporate career guidance contents in student support information systems, seminars, conferences, forums and fairs on occupation and recruitment for final-year students, and via extracurricular activities and activities of training, practice and internship in enterprises.- (VLLF)