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Official Gazette

Monday, September 26, 2022

National Assembly session closes

Updated: 10:44’ - 01/12/2008

The National Assembly (NA) closed its year-end 4th session in Hanoi on November 15, passing eight laws and four resolutions.

The passed laws were on Special Consumption Tax (amended); Cadres and Public Employees; Vietnamese Citizenship (amended); Enforcement of Civil Judgments (amended); Health Insurance; High Technology; Road Traffic (amended); and Biodiversity.

Under the Health Insurance Law, the maximum health insurance premium level doubles the current one to 6%, which is  also applicable to members of farm-forestry-fishery or salt-production households. The State will provide partial supports for farmers with medium living standards.

The Special Consumption Tax Law raises the tax rates for assorted beer to 45% (from 2010 to 2012) then to 50% (from 2013) under the country’s WTO commitments. Meanwhile, the tax rates for liquors of under 20o drop to 25% and liquors of over 20o to 45% from 2010 to 2012, but will rise back to 50% from 2013. Under the law, up-to-9-seat automobiles with engine capacity of under 2,000cc are subject to the 45% tax rate while  those of between 2,000cc and 3,000cc, to 50%;  and over 3,000cc, to 60%. The new law also raises the tax rate for golf-course business to 20% while it retains the 30% rate for karaoke and massage services. The tax rate for air-conditioners of up to 90,000 BTU in capacity is lowered from 15% to 10%.

Although the amended Law on Vietnamese Citizenship upholds the one-citizenship principle, it introduces more exceptional cases. The law allows overseas Vietnamese bearing foreign citizenship to retain or regain their Vietnamese nationality.

The amended Law on Road Traffic introduces stricter safety requirements for drivers, raising the required minimum age for 10-seat car drivers.

The Biodiversity Law not only provides a legal framework for biodiversity   conservation activities but also touches on two important issues given the country’s accession to the WTO: the management of Vietnam’s precious and rare gene sources and risk management of genetically modified organisms.

The High Technology Law encourages with the highest incentives the development of hi-tech human resources as well as hi-tech products of Vietnamese marks or origin.

All the passed laws take effect on July 1, 2009, except the amended Law on Cadres and Public Employees which comes into force on January 1, 2010.

With nearly 95% of the votes, the National Assembly passed a Resolution on a pilot scheme to put an end to the People’s Councils of districts and wards, starting from April 2009. Under the resolution, district/ward People’s Councils in a number of localities will end their 2004-2009, term on April 25, 2009, and new ones will not be elected until the National Assembly decides to terminate the pilot scheme. The number and names of localities under the pilot scheme will be reviewed by the Government before being submitted to the National Assembly Standing Committee for decision.

The direct election of commune People’s Committee presidents by people, as proposed in the draft resolution, was suspended for implementation since careful and appropriate steps were required before making such important change to the organization of local governments and promotion of democracy at grassroots level, said National Assembly Vice Chairman Uong Chu Luu.

The National Assembly also ratified a resolution on the 2009 law-making program and the supplement to the XIIth National Assembly’s law-making program.  Under this resolution, the 2009 official legislative program will cover the adoption of 24 bills and debates on 20 others while the preparatory program will include 22 draft laws.  The bills set for passage in the next May session include  the Law Amending a Number of Articles of Laws concerning Capital Construction Investment, the Urban Planning Law; and the Law Amending a Number of Articles of the Housing Law, while the Press Law is expected to be passed at the 2009 year-end session.

Another resolution adopted at the National Assembly’s 4th session was on legislative oversight activities for 2009. The National Assembly resolved that apart from its regular oversight, it will supervise the implementation of the law on food safety and hygiene quality control at its 5th session and on management and use of state capital and assets at state corporations at its 6th session.

For the first time, the National Assembly approved a resolution on hearing sessions of the XIIth National Assembly’s 4th session which valued the hearing session results and asked cabinet members on the hearing to take specific and practical measures to ensure the realization of their commitments. The approval of this resolution aimed to improve the efficiency of hearing activities at NA sittings, Mr. Uong Chu Luu said.

At this session, the National Assembly also set socio-economic development objectives and tasks for next year, which are to continue curbing inflation, stabilize the macro economy, maintain reasonable and sustainable economic growth, proactively prevent economic recession and ensure social security; boost international economic integration and cooperation in an active and efficient manner; maintain political stability, defense, security as well as social order and safety; and create conditions for successful implementation of the 2006-2010 socio-economic development plan. (VLLF).-

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