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Official Gazette

Friday, December 3, 2021

The Communist Party of Vietnam Central Committee’s Political report to the tenth National Congress (April 18-25, 2006)

Updated: 15:43’ - 11/05/2006



During the past five years, beside favorable conditions created by the renewal process, our country has encountered not a few difficulties and challenges deriving from the inherent weaknesses common to low-level economies; natural disasters and epidemics that occurred in many areas; extremely complicated developments across the region and the world, especially following the September 11, 2001 attacks in the United States; intertwined manifestations of recession, recovery and development in the world and regional economies; the unfair competition and protectionism  policies imposed by certain countries, etc. In this context, our entire Party, people and armed forces have made strenuous efforts in implementing the 9th Congress Resolution, and recorded very important achievements:

1. The economy has successfully overcome the period of decline, recorded rather high growth rates and developed fairly comprehensively

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has increased every year, reaching as planned an average annual growth rate of 7.51 per cent during the 2001-2005 period. Macro-economic stability has been maintained fairly well; the main economic relationships and balances (savings-consumption, state budget revenue-expenditure, etc) have improved; positive changes have been witnessed in tapping internal resources for development; GDP contributions to the state budget have accounted for a higher ration than planned. Total economic investment has increased rapidly, thus production and business capacity has increased considerably, and many  competitive products have been manufactured, while many large-scale socio-economic infrastructure projects completed and put into operation, and the economy’s scientific and technical foundation strengthened.

The economic structure has further shifted toward industrialization and modernization. In 2005, the share of agriculture, forestry and fisheries in  GDP was 20.9 per cent (planned at 20-21 per cent), of industry and construction, 41 per cent (plan-ned at 38-39 per cent), and of services, 38.1 per cent (planned at 41-42 per cent). All economic sectors have developed.

New and very important strides have been made in the fields of external economic relations and international economic integration. Some products have been competitive on international markets. Imports and exports have seen fairly high growth rates; total export turnover has surpassed  50 per cent of GDP. Official development assistance (ODA) and foreign direct  investment (FDI) capital have kept increasing year after year. There have been a number of investment projects carried out overseas.

The socialist-oriented market economic institution has been initially built. The commodity market has expanded rather fast; certain new kinds of markets have taken shape.

2. Progress has been made in many cultural-social aspects; positive results have been recorded in combining economic development with settlement of social problems; the living standards of people of all strata have been improved

Education and training have kept developing and enjoyed greater investment and better material bases. The scope of training has expanded, particularly at professional and vocational intermediate schools. The people’s intellectual level has been constantly raised.

Science and technology have made active contributions to the elaboration of guidelines and policies, investigation and evaluation of natural resources and protection of bio-diversity, research and application of new technologies for socio-economic development and national defense and security.

Hunger eradication and poverty alleviation has been accelerated in different forms and with various measures; by end-2005, the proportion of poor households (by Vietnamese standards set for the 2001-2005 period) was reduced to 7 per cent (17.5 per cent in 2001 and planned at 10 per cent). The State’s and the people’s resources have been effectively combined in the building of numerous economic, cultural and social infrastructures for rural, mountainous and ethnic minority areas.

During the past five years, 7.5 million jobs have been created. Average per capita income rose to VND 10 million in 2005 from VND 5.7 million in 2000.

Many achievements have been recorded in public health protection and care: The healthcare network, especially at the grassroots level, has been expanded; certain dangerous epidemics have been keep under control and pushed back; the average life expectancy of the Vietnamese rose to 71.3 in 2005 from 68 in 1999.

Activities in culture, information, mass media, physical training and sports, etc., have seen progress in a number of aspects. The campaign “The Entire People Unite to Build a Cultured Life,” the movements to pay gratitude and care for persons with meritorious services, Vietnamese Hero Mothers, war invalids, fallen heroes’ families and other humanitarian and charity activities have enjoyed the broad participation from the people of all strata.

3. Socio-political stability has been ensured; national defense and security have been enhanced; external relations have entered a new phase of development

National independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and political security have been maintained; social order and safety ensured. The People’s Army and the People’s Police forces have recorded many achievements in building up strength and raising combativeness and combat-readiness. Economic development has been effectively combined with national defense in certain localities. The all-people national defense disposition in close association with the people’s security disposition has been strengthened.

External activities of the Party, State and people have developed strongly, contributing to preserving a peaceful environment, ensuring socio-economic development, and heightening Vietnam’s prestige in the region and the world. Vietnam has resolved a number of issues related to border, territory and sea overlapping areas involving some other countries; proactively and positively taken part in international forums; and successfully hosted many international and regional conferences.

4. The establishment of a socialist state ruled by law has made progress in the three domains of legislation, execution and judiciary. The strength of the great national unity bloc has been promoted

The National Assembly has undertaken important renewal in law-making, further amended the Constitution and the legal system, improved the law-making process, passed 58 laws and 43 ordinances, thereby laying the legal basis for state management and the operation of a socialist-oriented market economy,  and meeting requirements for international integration.

The organization and operation of the state apparatus have been further strengthened. The functions, tasks, powers and responsibilities of the Government, ministries, agencies and local authorities at all levels have been more concretely defined and, at the same time decentralization has been further implemented. Judicial activity and reform have seen positive changes.

Activities carried out by the Fatherland Front and mass organizations have become ever more practical. The Regulations of Democracy at the Grassroots has been more widely and effectively enforced, especially in communes and wards. Progress has been made in activities related to ethnic groups, religions and overseas Vietnamese.

5. Certain positive results have been achieved in Party building

New changes have been made in political and ideological education, organizational and personnel work, building of grassroots Party cells linked with building of a grassroots political system, recruitment of Party members and Party inspection work. The majority of Party cadres and members have brought into play their vanguard, dynamic and creative role, and remained virtuous and moral.

These achievements have resulted from judicious Party guidelines, the State’s unified law-abiding management, the Government’s dynamic performance, and the efforts of the entire Party, people, armed forces, of all branches, levels, and production and business establishments. They have also been possible thanks to the positive impact of enacted mechanisms and policies and to the past many years’ investment that has facilitated a marked increase in the production capacity of many branches and the  economy as a whole.

However, we still have the following shortcomings and weaknesses:

1. Economic growth has not been commensurate with available capabilities; the economy’s quality, efficiency and competitiveness remain poor; and economic restructuring has been slow

Economic macro-balances are unsteady and vulnerable to external fluctuations. Scientific and technological standards as well as labor productivity are still low; the input cost of many products is higher than in other parts of the region and the world. Many domestic resources and potentials have not been well tapped and exploited. State investments have been thinned out, with low effectiveness and enormous waste. Waste remains serious in state budget expenditure and social consumption. The natural environment in many areas has been heavily polluted or destroyed.

The service sector has developed slowly. Agricultural and rural  industrialization and modernization still lack specific contents and measures. The reorganization, renovation and improvement of the performance of state enterprises, especially their equitization have been beset with many problems. Human resources quality remains low, untrained labor common, and the share of agricultural labor high. External economic activities are  still limited. Many enterprises are still incapable of surmounting difficulties related to competition and marketing.

The formulation and implementation of policy directions and policies on the promotion and operation of the market system have not yet been effectively coordinated; some market rules have been violated; the way of thinking characterizing the period of state subsidization has not been thoroughly done away with.

2. Socio-cultural mechanisms and policies have been slow to be renewed; many pressing social problems have not been solved properly

The results recorded in hunger eradication and poverty alleviation are not yet stable, the danger of relapse into poverty remains high. Disparities in income and living standards among different population strata and geographic regions tend to increase. The demands for jobs in urban and rural areas have not been adequately met.

The quality of education and training remains low. Science and technology fail to respond to requirements of industrialization and modernization. In a certain section of press, publishing, cultural and art agencies, tendencies toward neglecting goals and objectives while merely running after material interests have not yet been curbed. The state management remains weak in certain domains related to healthcare, physical training and sports.

Bureaucratism, corruption and waste are still grave. Crimes and certain social vices have showed an upward tendency. Traffic accidents have caused great losses in life and property.

3. There have been limitations in the field of national defense, security and external activity

The armed forces’ aggregate strength and combat readiness have not been brought into full play. In certain localities, there remain factors possibly causing socio-political instability.

Strategic study and forecasting concerning national defense, security and external activity have lagged behind developments. Close coordination has not been ensured between national defense, security and external activity in solving certain problems.

4. Renewal has been slow in some aspects of the organization and operation of the State, Fatherland Front and mass organizations

The National Assembly has been somewhat confused in the exercise of its supervisory function. State management apparatuses at all levels, particularly at the grassroots, are still weak. Harassment, authoritarianism and irresponsibility in a segment of public employees, especially in agencies directly dealing with affairs of the people and enterprises, have been slow to be eliminated. There remain irrationalities in the organizational model of local administration, especially in that of people’s councils. Administrative reform fail to meet set requirements. In many places, the operation of the Fatherland Front and mass organizations has been beset with officialism and formalism. Democracy in society has been infringed upon. Discipline and order have not been strictly observed in many places.

5. Party building and rectification fail to meet requirements

In a portion of cadres and public employees, ideological, political, ethical, and lifestyle degradation, opportunism, individualism, bureaucratism, corruption and waste have become grave. Many grassroots Party organizations lack combat capacity and adequate ability to deal with  emerging complicated problems. Ideological work still lacks persuasiveness. Theoretical work fails to make clear some major issues related to the renewal process. There remain weaknesses in organizational and personnel work. The quality and efficiency of supervision and inspection work remain low.

These weaknesses and shortcomings have been due to many objective and subjective causes, of which the main are subjective:

The Party’s thinking in certain fields has been slow to be renewed. A number of issues related to major viewpoints and guidelines have not been clarified, thus resulting in failure to reach a highly unanimous perception and in indecision in policymaking and implementation guidance, e.g.:  ownership and economic sectors, equitization of state enterprises, development of an independent and autonomous economy, integration into the world economy; renewal of management policies and mechanisms regarding education, healthcare and culture; renewal of organization and operational modes of the political system.

Implementation guidance and organization remain inadequate. Concentrated guidance and sense of responsibility are insufficient in three main domains considered breakthroughs (coordinated formulation of the   socialist-oriented market economy institution with renewal of mechanisms and policies as the focus; a vigorous move in human resources development; innovation of the organization and operational mode of the political system with administrative reform as the focus) as well as in the construction of certain large-scale, key national projects. Still widespread are incidences of “talking much and doing little,” doing things halfway” or doing nothing at all.” State management efficiency remains low in certain fields such as planning, land, capital construction, finance, banking, national resources, environment, intellectual property, etc. Inspection and control work has been carried out with low effectiveness.

A segment of Party cadres and members, including key cadres, are weak in virtues and competence, short of vanguard and exemplary nature, and unqualified and incapable of accomplishing their tasks.

These shortcomings are due in the first place to the leadership and guidance responsibility of the Party Central Committee and of the Political Bureau directly. The Party Central Committee hereby presents a serious self-criticism of its shortcomings before the Congress and the people.

Along with reviewing the five-year execution of the Resolution of the 9th Party Congress, let us look back on the 20 years of renewal.

During the past 20 years, with the endeavors of the entire Party, people and armed forces, the renewal process in our country has made great and historically significant achievements.

The country has emerged from the socio-economic crisis, and undergone fundamental and comprehensive changes. The economy has grown fairly rapidly, the process of industrialization and modernization and development of a socialist-oriented market economy have been accelerated. The people’s living conditions have markedly improved. The political system and the great national unity bloc have been consolidated and strengthened. Socio-political stability has been ensured. National defense and security have been firmly maintained. Our country’s status in the international arena has been continuously heightened. The nation’s aggregate power has increased substantially, creating a new posture and strength for the country to continue matching forward with bright prospects.

These achievements prove that the Party’s renewal line is correct, creative and conformable with Vietnamese reality. Our perception of socialism and the path toward socialism has become increasingly clearer; the basic traits of the system of theoretical viewpoints on the renewal undertaking, the  socialist society and the path toward socialism in Vietnam have taken shape.

The socialist society that our people are building is one in which the   people are rich and the country is strong, and which is equitable, democratic and civilized; in which the people are masters; with a highly developed economy based on modern productive forces and production relations corresponding to the latter’s development level; with an advanced culture deeply imbued with national identity; in which people are liberalized from oppression and injustice, enjoy an adequate, free, happy life, and can develop comprehensively; in which all ethnic groups in the Vietnamese community are equal and united and assist one other for progress;  with a  socialist state ruled by law of the people, by the people and for the people under the leadership of the Communist Party, and with friendly and cooperative ties with other peoples in the world.

To advance toward socialism, we should develop a socialist-oriented market economy; boost industrialization and modernization; build an advanced culture deeply imbued with national identity as the society’s spiritual foundation; exercise socialist democracy; ensure the great national  unity; build a socialist state ruled by law of the people, by the people and for the people; build the Party clean and strong; firmly maintain national defense and security; and proactively and actively engage in international economic integration.

While confirming the above-said achievements, it is necessary to be clearly aware that till now our country remains in an underdevelopment state. The economy still lags behind many countries in the region and the world. Weaknesses remain numerous in culture, social affairs, and in building the political system. Theoretical work fails to provide answers to certain questions related to the practice of renewal and socialist construction in our country, particularly in dealing with relations between growth rate and development quality, between economic growth and social equality, between economic renewal and political renewal, between renewal and stability and development, and between independence and sovereignty and proactive and active integration into the global economy.

From the reality of 20 years’ renewal, our Party and State have accumulated more experience in leadership and management. The following major lessons can be mentioned:

First, in the renewal process, the goals of national independence and socialism on the basis of Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought should be persistently asserted. Renewal does not mean abandonment of  the goal of socialism but a more accrete perception and more effective construction of socialism. Renewal does not mean departure from Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought, but their correct understanding,  creative application and development, taking this as the Party’s ideological foundation and compass for revolutionary action.

Second, renewal should be comprehensive, coordinated, sequential and with appropriate forms and methods. It should cover  from perception and thinking to practical activity; from economic, politic and external activities to all aspects of social life; from Party leadership and state management to concrete activities of every component of the political system. While covering all aspects of social life, it should have focuses and take appropriate steps; it should ensure close and harmonious combination of the three tasks, namely, to develop the economy as the central task, to build the Party as the key task, and to develop culture as the spiritual foundation of the society.

Third, renewal should benefit the people, rely on the people, uphold the people’s proactive and creative role, proceed from realities and responsive to what is new. The revolution is the cause of the people, for the people and by the people. The people’s opinions, aspirations and initiatives play an important role in forming the Party’s renewal line. To rely on the people, proceed from reality, regularly conduct practical reviews, identify new factors, and gradually discover development laws are the key to success.

Fourth, to promote to the utmost internal resources while striving to take advantage of external resources, combining the nation’s strength with that of the times in new conditions. To bring into play internal resources, considering them the decisive factor for development, while attaching importance to mobilizing external resources through international integration and cooperation, make use of external resources in order to further promote internal resources, thus creating an aggregate strength for the country’s rapid and sustainable development on the basis of firmly maintaining national independence and the socialist orientation.

Fifth, enhance the Party’s leadership and combat capacity, constantly renew the political system, build and gradually perfect socialist democracy, and ensure that all powers belong to the people. Building the Party clean and strong constitutes a crucial step and decisive factor for successful renewal. To build a socialist state ruled by law of the people, by the people and for the people represents a pressing demand of the society. The State should institutionalize and efficiently realize civil and human rights. The role of the Fatherland Front and mass organizations in rallying the people of all strata and in promoting the strength of the great national unity bloc should be promoted for the successful renewal.

The theoretical and practical review of the past 20 years of renewal has helped us recognize ever more clearly the great orientative and directive value of the “Platform for National Construction in the Period of Transition to Socialism” (1991) and the newly arising issues that should be addressed. After the 10th National Congress, our Party should continue studying, supplementing and developing the Platform into a political and ideological foundation for all activities of the Party, State and people in the process of leading our country toward socialism.


Forecasts for the upcoming years

In the world, peace, co-operation and development remain a major trend. The world and regional economies continue their recovery and development, but there still exist unpredictable and uncertain factors. Economic globalization creates development opportunities but also gives rise to inequalities, causing great difficulties and challenges to countries, particularly developing countries. Economic and trade competition, scrambles for natural resources, energy, markets, capital, technologies, etc. among countries will become increasingly fierce. Science and technology will see great leaps forward and major breakthroughs.

Local wars, armed conflicts, ethnic and religious strives, arms races, intervention, subversion, secession, terrorism, disputes over borders, land and sea territory, islands, and natural resources will occur in many places, with growing complicatedness. The major contradictions of our times remain very acute. Numerous pressing global issues require a coordinated settlement from countries and international organizations: the widening gap between the groups of rich and poor countries; population boom coupled  with migrant flows; scarcity of energy sources and exhaustion of natural resources; destruction of the natural environment, increasingly adverse climate changes resulting in horrible natural disasters; and increase of major epidemics and transnational crimes. 

In Asia-Pacific in general and Southeast Asia in particular, the trend of  peace, cooperation and development keeps rising, but there still exist potentially destabilizing factors, such as disputes over power and influence, over border, land, and seas, islands and natural resources between countries; economic, political and social instabilities in certain nations, etc.

In Vietnam, the achievements recorded over the past five years (2001-2005) and the 20 years of renewal (1986-2006) have made our country considerably stronger than before, in terms of both posture and strength. The expansion of international cooperative relations, proactive and active international economic integration and firm maintenance of a peaceful environment have brought our people more advantages for faster renewal and socio-economic development.

Our country, however, is still confronting many major and intertwined challenges that exert aggregate impacts and complications, and none of which should be underestimated. The danger of lagging even further behind many countries in the region and the world over economically does exist. The political, ideological, ethical and lifestyle degradation among a segment of Party cadres and members, which involves bureaucratism, corruption and extravagance, remains serious. Manifestations of deviation from socialist goals has not yet been redressed. With schemes of “peaceful evolution,” rebellion and subversion, and under pretexts of “democracy” and “human rights,” hostile forces still attempt to alter our country’s political system.

The years ahead will offer great opportunities for our country’s advancement, though difficulties are still many. The urgent need for the entire nation at this time is to seize opportunities, surmount challenges, continue with even more vigorous, comprehensive and concerted renewal and develop faster and more sustainably.

Overall objectives and orientations for the next five years 2006-2010:

The five years 2006 - 2010 are decisive to the fulfillment of the socio-economic development strategy the first ten years of the 21st century designed by the 9th Party Congress.

The overall objectives and orientations for the 2006-2010 period are: To enhance the Party’s leadership and combat capacity, promote the strength of the entire nation, comprehensively step up the renewal process, mobilize and efficiently utilize all resources for national industrialization and modernization; develop culture; ensure social progress and equity; enhance national defense and security; expand external relations; proactively and actively integrate into the world economy; firmly maintain socio-political stability; soon lifting our country from underdevelopment; and create foundations for the country to basically become a modern industrialized country by 2020. 

To strive for a faster, better and more sustainable economic growth in close association with human development. To achieve by 2010 a GDP 2.1 times that in 2000, an average annual GDP growth rate of 7.5 - 8 per cent, and strive for an annual rate higher than 8%.


1. To firmly grasp the socialist orientation of our country’s market economy as reflected in the following:

To achieve the goal of “a prosperous people, a strong country, and an equitable, democratic and civilized society.” To strongly liberalize and continually develop the productive forces and improve the people’s living conditions. To speed up hunger eradication and poverty alleviation, to encourage all people to acquire lawful wealth while helping others get out of poverty and step by step become bettered off.

To develop an economy with many forms of ownership and many sectors, in which the state sector plays the dominant role, and the state and collective sectors increasingly become the solid foundation for the national economy.

To materialize social progress and equity at every step and in every policy of development; to ensure economic growth coupled with cultural, healthcare and education development; and to satisfactorily solve social problems for the sake of human development. To implement a distribution system mainly based on work results and economic efficiency, and also on contributions in capital and other resources, and through social welfare.

To promote the people’s right as masters of the society, and to ensure the role of the socialist state ruled by law as the manager and regulator of the economy under the Party’s leadership.

2. To raise the State’s  role and managerial efficiency

The State should focus on properly performing the following functions:

To orient development through strategies, plannings, plans, mechanisms and policies on the basis of respect for market principles. To fundamentally renovate planning work in conformity with requirements in building a socialist-oriented market economy and integrating into the global economy; to bring into full play all comparative advantages of the nation, regions and localities, and to draw all resources for socio-economic development.

To create a favorable legal environment, mechanisms and policies for all social resources to be tapped for development and for all business entities to operate equally, compete fairly, publicly and transparently, and in order and discipline.

To support the building and development of a system of major socio-economic infrastructures and the social security system.

To guarantee macro-economic balances’ sustainability and activeness while limiting risks and adverse implications of market mechanisms.

To exert impacts on the market mainly through economic mechanisms,  policies and instruments; at the same time to apply timely, effective, and necessary measures when the domestic market fails to operate efficiently or the regional and world markets undergo major fluctuations.

To effect state management by means of the legal system, minimize administrative intervention in the operation of the market and enterprises. To separate the function of state administrative management from that of enterprises’ business management; to abrogate the system of “management by umbrella agencies”; to clearly distinguish between the system of public administrative agencies and that of public-service non-business agencies (education, science and technology, healthcare, culture, physical training and sports); and to vigorously develop public services.

To continue to renew financial and monetary policies, to ensure stability and sustainable development of the national finances.

To clearly define the functions and interrelationship among the National Assembly, Government, ministries, branches, and People’s Committees of provinces and centrally run cities in performance of their state management in economic and social fields.

3. To synchronously develop and effectively manage the operations of basic markets under a mechanism of fair competition

To develop markets for goods and services. To narrow areas of state business monopoly; and abolish enterprise monopoly; and continue renewing price control mechanisms. To strongly develop domestic trade, while speeding up exports and imports. To accelerate commercial liberalization in keeping with the country’s commitments for international economic integration. To create new, fast and all-round development of services markets, especially high-grade services with high intellectual content and large added value.

To steadily develop the financial market that consists of a capital and a monetary market toward compatible and complete structures. To expand the capital and stock exchange markets, while improving their performance quality. To mobilize all available sources of capital in society for development investment. To modernize and diversify operations of the monetary market. To build state commercial banks strong in all aspects. To open the banking service market in accordance with the international economic integration roadmap.

To develop a real estate market, including a market for land use rights and real estates attached to land; to ensure smooth transfer of land use rights into commodities; to make land a real source of capital for development, and help the domestic real estate market become competitive in the regional market and attractive to investors. To practice publicity and transparency while enhancing legality, discipline and order in land administration. The State is to regulate land prices by means of the land-related supply-demand relationship and also by means of land-related tax policies. The State is to be both the good administrator of the real estate market and the largest real estate investor. To perfect the legal system of real estate business.

To develop the labor force market in all economic sectors, to create the cohesion between demand and supply of labor, and to promote laborers’ activeness in vocational training, self-employment and self-placement. To elaborate preferential policies for labor-intensive enterprises, particularly those in rural areas. To accelerate the export of labor, especially the export of skilled labor and agricultural labor. To perfect mechanisms and policies regarding the recruitment and use of workers in the state economic sector and state power apparatus. To diversify forms of employment transactions;  and to develop a system of information on local and international labor markets. To adopt policies to import high-quality labor in the fields of technology and management in areas and sectors prioritized for development.

To formulate a legal system on labor and labor force market with a view to ensuring laborers’ right to choose places of work and residence; to extensively apply the labor contract system; to guarantee the interests of both employees and employers.

To develop a science and  technology market based on renovated mechanisms and policies in order for most scientific and technological products (except those from basic research and studies in support of the formulation of development guidelines, strategies and policies) to become  commodities. To extensively disseminate information and create a competitive environment for smooth trading of scientific and technological products in the market. To transform research and development organizations under different forms of ownership into those operating under a business mechanism.

4. To strongly develop all economic sectors and various forms of production and business organization

On the basis of the three systems of ownership (all-people, collective and private), to shape up many forms of ownership and many economic sectors: The state economic sector, the collective economic sector, the private economic sector (individual, small-owner, and private capitalist), the state capitalist economic sector, and the foreign-invested economic sector. All law-abiding economic sectors constitute important integral components of the socialist-oriented market economy, equal before the law, to develop together in long term, in cooperation and fair competition. The state economic sector plays the dominant role, constitutes an important material force for the State to orient and regulate the economy, and create an environment and conditions for all economic sectors to jointly develop. The state economic sector along with the collective economic sector increasingly become the solid foundation for the national economy. The private economic sector plays an important role, operating as one of the driving forces of the economy.

Joint-stock enterprises keep growing, becoming a popular form of economic organization in promoting socialization of production, business and ownership.

To wipe out all discriminations on account of forms of ownership. The State limits its development preference or assistance only to certain industries, fields of operation, and products; certain targets like those relating to export, job creation, hunger eradication, poverty alleviation and risk mitigation, as well as certain geographic areas, and small- and medium-sized enterprises.

To materialize the national strategy on enterprise development. To build a system of Vietnamese enterprises numerous in quantity, high in competitiveness, prestigious in trademarks, with a number of major joint-stock economic groups as the main force. The State is to map out orientations and create an environment for enterprises to effectively develop under market mechanisms; and to foster, train and honor entrepreneurs that are capable, morally qualified, and successful.

To proceed with renewing and developing state enterprises and raising their efficiency

To perfect mechanisms and policies for state enterprises to operate in a really competitive, open and transparent environment and with increasing efficiency. To do away with state enterprises’ monopoly and privileges in production and business. State enterprises have the right to property, genuine autonomy and self-accountability in the market and before the law. To link enterprise managers’ responsibilities, powers and interests to their enterprises’ operation outcomes. To pay attention to training a contingent of good administrators who are able to meet the requirements for modern corporate governance.

To further reorganize and reform state enterprises, and improve their performance, with equitization as the focus. To restructure state enterprises, concentrating on such important fields of the economy as infrastructure, manufacture of important means of production and services; as well as some public-utility areas. To accelerate the equitization process and expand its scope to cover more state enterprises, including state corporations. Valuation of to be-equitized state enterprises, including their land use rights, must be effected in accordance with market mechanisms. To prevent and overcome wrongdoings and negative practices throughout the process of equitization of state enterprises.

To step up the formation of some strong economic groups of regional caliber, with shares contributed by the State, individuals at home and abroad, insurance companies, investment funds, etc., with the State as the dominant shareholder.

To continue to renovate and develop different forms of collective economy

To review realities, and soon elaborate specific policies and mechanisms to encourage even stronger development of the collective economic sector, which is diverse in forms of both ownership and production and business organization, to include cooperative groups and new-type cooperatives. To attach importance to the development of joint stock cooperatives and cooperative unions, and to the improvement of their quality.

To encourage greater capital contributions and funds raised from cooperative members to increase working capital for cooperatives, increase capital for development investment, and increase non-distributable assets and funds of cooperatives.

Co-operatives and other types of cooperative economy are to operate on the principles of voluntary cooperation, democracy, equality, publicity, autonomy, self-accountability, mutual benefit, and community cooperation development.

To vigorously develop private business households and various forms of private business

All citizens have the right to participate in investment and business activities with their rights to property ownership and freedoms of business protected by law; to equality in investment, business and access to business opportunities and resources, and in information supply and acquirement.

To remove all barriers and create a favorable social mentality and business environment for private enterprises in all forms to develop without scope limitations in all trades, fields of operation, including important production and business fields not prohibited by law.

To strongly attract resources from foreign investors

To improve the legal and economic environment, and diversify forms and mechanisms to strongly attract resources from foreign investors to important business trades and fields.


To make use of favorable opportunities brought about by the international settings as the country’s potential and advantages with a view to shortening the socialist-oriented national industrialization and modernization process associated with the development of a knowledge economy, considering such economy an important factor of the economy and of industrialization and modernization. To develop high value-added and high-knowledge economic industries and products; and to combine the use of the knowledge resources of the Vietnamese with the latest knowledge of mankind. To attach importance to both quantity and quality of economic growth at each step of the country’s development, and in each region, locality and socio-economic project.

To build a modern and rational economic structure by sector, industry and territory. To reduce intermediary costs and raise the labor productivity of all sectors and industries, particularly of highly competitive ones.

To accelerate agricultural and rural industrialization and modernization, and to synchronously solve issues related to agriculture, rural areas and farmers

To robustly shift agricultural and rural economic structures toward generating an increasingly high added value, closely linked to processing industry and the market; to carry out mechanization, electrification and building of irrigation works, quickly apply scientific, technological and biotechnological advances to production, raise productivity, quality and competitiveness in conformity with the characteristics of each region and each locality. To rapidly scale up the proportion of product and labor value of various industries and services, and to gradually scale down the proportion of agricultural product and labor. To soon overcome land fragmentation among farming households, encourage consolidation of largely dispersed land plots, lease, and use of land as share contribution; to develop high-tech agricultural zones, concentrated cultivation and husbandry zones, and industrial and service enterprises associated with the formation of different trades, craft villages, cooperatives and farms, thus putting out products with good markets and high economic efficiency.

To properly carry out forest protection and development programs, to renovate policies on land and forest allotment, and to ensure for forest workers a stable and improved livelihood. To develop raw-material forests associated with a modern forestry product processing industry.

To synchronously and effectively develop farming, processing and protection of marine resources. To attach importance to producing and supplying good aquatic species, to protect the environment, and to expand domestic and foreign outlets.

To beef up activities in agriculture, forestry and fisheries extension, in veterinary and plant protection work, and in other rural technical services. To effect quick transfer and application of science and technology, especially bio-technology, to agricultural production, while paying attention to seed selection, cultivating techniques, post-harvest and processing technologies.

To expeditiously elaborate rural development plannings. To implement the program on development of new-style rural areas. To build hamlets, villages and communes with an adequate and civilized life and a healthy environment. To form urbanized residential areas that have compatible socio-economic infrastructures, including irrigation works, communications, electricity, clean water supply, industrial clusters, schools, medical stations, post offices and marketplaces. To bring into play rural democracy along with building a cultured lifestyle and improving the people’s intellectual level, eliminating social vices, bad habits and superstitious practices; and to ensure social security, order and safety.

To attach importance to job training and employment for farmers, first of all for those in areas where farmland is converted for the building of  industrial establishments, service facilities, transport works and new urban areas. To restructure the rural labor structure toward quick reduction of agricultural labor proportion and increase of industrial and service labor proportions. To help rural laborers find jobs in their rural areas and elsewhere, including in foreign countries. To make even larger investments in hunger eradication and poverty alleviation programs, particularly in remote, border, islands and ethnic minority areas.

To quickly develop industry, construction and services

To encourage the development of hi-tech, crafting, software and support industries with competitive edge, which turn out more products for export and are labor intensive; to develop some open economic and special economic zones, and increase the effectiveness of industrial parks and export processing zones.

To encourage and facilitate all economic sectors to join in vigorously developing industries that produce consumer goods and goods for export, and manufacturing modern, important means of production; to give priority to attracting investment from large foreign economic and major transnational corporations.

To expeditiously attract domestic and foreign sources of capital for investment in oil and gas exploitation, oil refinery and petro-chemistry, metallurgy, manufacture engineering, basic chemicals, fertilizers and construction materials. To adopt policies to limit the export of raw materials. To lure excellent, highly qualified specialists from other countries and from among overseas Vietnamese communities.

Based on supplemented and completed plannings, to mobilize local and foreign resources for the coordinated building of socio-economic infrastructure facilities, first of all international airports, seaports, highways, coastal roads, east-west roads, electricity grids, and technical infrastructures in major urban centers. To develop the energy industry in parallel with energy-conserving technologies.

To make a extraordinary step of development in services, especially those with high quality, great potential and competitiveness, thus achieving higher growth rates in services than in GDP. To vigorously develop such sectors as transport, commerce, tourism, finance, banking, insurance, post, telecommunications, and consultancy, etc., and raise their quality.

To develop regional economy

To work out appropriate mechanisms and policies for all regions across the country to develop together while creating inter-regional and intra-regional connections.

To boost the development of key economic regions, thereby creating motivation and pervasion impacts on other regions; at the same time to create conditions for faster development in difficulty-ridden economic regions, especially those in border areas, islands, the Central Highlands, the southwestern region and the northwestern region.

To develop marine economy

To work out and implement a strategy for comprehensive marine economic development with clear focuses and key areas to soon turn Vietnam into a nation strong in marine economy in the region, closely linked to the maintenance of its national defense, security and international cooperation. To develop a seaport system, ocean shipping, exploitation and processing of oil and gas and marine resources, and marine services; to speedily develop the shipbuilding industry and marine resources exploiting and processing industries. To effect vigorous development and one-step- ahead advancement for certain coastal and island economic areas.

To effect labor and technological restructuring 

To develop human resources, ensuring by 2010 human resources with a well-balanced structure and high quality, and an agricultural labor share accounting for to approximately 50 per cent of the total social workforce.

To develop science and technology in line with the leaps-and-bounds developmental trend of the scientific and technological revolution in the world. To select and immediately introduce modern technologies in certain key fields. To attach importance to the development of high technologies in order to create breakthroughs and labor-intensive technologies for employment generation.

To protect and efficiently use national natural resources and improve the natural environment

To enhance management of national natural resources, particularly land, water, minerals and forests.

To prevent acts of environmental destruction and pollution redressing environmental degradation in river basins, urban areas, industrial zones, craft villages, densely-populated areas and places that are home to bustling economic activities. To gradually put to use clean technologies and clean energy.

To actively rehabilitate destroyed environments and ecosystems. To continue regreening barren land and bare hills and mountains while protecting bio-diversity. To pay attention to investment in environment-related activities, particularly the collecting, recycling and treatment of waste.

To perfect laws and reinforce state management of the protection and improvement of the natural environment.

To step by step modernize hydro-meteorological research and forecast casting work, and be proactive in natural disaster control and search-and-rescue operations.


1. To comprehensively renew education and training, develop high-quality human resources

To raise the quality of education in every respect; to renew the organizational structure of the education sector and revise educational curriculum and methods of teaching and learning; to “standardize, modernize, socialize,” and improve Vietnam’s education.

To gradually develop the existing educational model to an open educational model - a learning society model, with a system of life-time education, continuous training, transferability between different educational levels and disciplines; to build and develop a system of education for all and more flexible forms of education and practice, meeting the demands for continuing education; to create various possibilities and opportunities for learners so as to ensure social equity in education.

To develop preschool education and general education. To make prompt adjustments to overcome the problem of overloaded study and strictly implement the education program and develop general education textbooks, ensuring their scientificity, popularity and universality as well as their compatibility with the psychological characteristics of different age groups and the practical conditions of Vietnam. To combine streaming with self-selection of study subjects at the upper secondary education level on the basis of adequate vocational orientation and pre-streaming at the lower secondary education level. To ensure the pace and quality of education universalization.

To develop the system of vocational orientation and training, diversify forms of vocational training, quickly develop long-term vocational training along the line of modernization. To quickly increase the ratio of vocationally trained laborers; to equip the majority of youths with production knowledge, labor skills and capability to acquire new technologies so that they can take initiatives in seeking opportunities to establish their careers.

To renew the system of higher education and graduate education, associate training with employment in the direct service of labor restructuring, quickly develop high-quality human resources, particularly leading specialists in various fields. To attach importance to discovering, fostering and properly employing talented people; to expeditiously build a human resource structure which is rational in profession, training level, ethnic groups, geographical areas, etc.; to work out mechanisms and policies to effectively link universities with scientific research institutions and enterprises for the application of scientific and technological research outcomes to production and business activities. To build a number of key universities of regional and international standards.

To ensure sufficient numbers and improve the quality of teachers at all levels and grades of education. To perfect the system of education quality assessment and accreditation. To improve examination contents and methods so as to accurately assess acquired knowledge and learning capability. To surmount weaknesses and negative practices.

To socialize education. To mobilize the society’s material and mental resources for education. To effect close coordination between the educational service and all departments, branches, socio-economic and socio-professional organizations, etc., so as to expand education and provide learning opportunities for every member of the society. To intensify inspection, supervision and monitoring of educational activities. To renew education administration mechanisms. To effect decentralization to create a motive force and promote the initiative of all education institutions and entities. The State should increase investment focusing on priority objectives, national educational development programs, support for ethnic minority areas, deep-lying, remote and border areas and islands; to reduce school fees and other contributions and grant scholarships for  poor pupils, social-policy beneficiaries and excellent pupils.

To promote international cooperation in education and training. To approach world advanced educational standards suitable to Vietnam’s development requirements; to participate in regional and world human resource training. To adopt administration mechanisms suitable to foreign-invested or -associated schools.

2. To enhance the capability and effectiveness of science and technology

To strive that by 2010, our country’s scientific and technological capability should reach the level of advanced countries in the region in certain crucial domains.

To develop social sciences, making further contributions to clarifying perceptions on socialism and the path to socialism in our country; finding answers to new issues related to the socialist-oriented market economy; steps to be taken in the process of industrialization and modernization; the fundamental principles and contents of the promotion of socialist democracy, renewal of the political system, and building of a socialist state; to ensure human development and the raising of the Party’s leadership and combat capacity during the new period, etc. To regularly review realities for theory development; to make forecasts on the world, regional and national development situations and trends; to supply scientific grounds for the elaboration of the guidelines, policy directions and policies of the Party and the State.

To develop natural sciences and technological sciences, concentrating on application-oriented basic research, especially in the domains where Vietnam has demands and advantages. To promote the selective import of technologies and purchase of patents for use together with locally made technologies so as to quickly renew and raise the technological level in branches with competitive edge and high GDP ratios, as well as supporting and labor-intensive industries; to develop high technologies, particularly information technology, biotechnology and new materials technology. To develop a national system of information on human power and technology.

To renew scientific and technological management mechanisms in the direction that the State shall invest in regional- and world-class national research programs and building up scientific and technological potential for certain key domains. To diversify investment resources for science and technology and motivate the participation of all economic sectors in scientific and technological activities. To step up international integration in the scientific and technological domains. To raise the quality and commercial potential of scientific and technological products; to push ahead technology renewal in enterprises.

The State encourages the creation, perfection and application of new technology, through policies of support of development, recognition and protection of intellectual property rights. To work out policies to lure multinational corporations to invest in and transfer technologies to Vietnamese enterprises. To attach importance to importing modern technologies; to gradually and strongly develop local technologies.

To properly utilize and ensure the good treatment of talented people, top scientists, engineers-in-chief, chief engineers, skilled technicians and qualified technical workers. To adopt policies to attract prominent scientists and technologists at home, abroad and among overseas Vietnamese communities.


To combine economic objectives with social objectives on a national scale, in every domain and every locality; to materialize social progress and equity right at every step and in every policy of development, well effectuate social policies on the basis of economic development and association between interests and obligations, contribution and enjoyment, create a stronger and more durable driving force for socio-economic development. To concentrate efforts on solving pressing social problems.

To encourage all the people to raise their incomes in a lawful manner, effectively materialize policies on hunger eradication and poverty alleviation. To create conditions and opportunities for poor areas and poor segments of population to have equal access to development resources, benefit from basic social services, and escape from poverty in a sustainable manner; overcoming  mindsets of reliance on subsidies and others’ assistance.

To develop a complete system of policies to ensure essential and fair public services in education and training, healthcare, culture-information, physical training and sports, employment… for everyone.

To build a system of diverse social welfare; to strongly develop the systems of social insurance and health insurance, and proceed to carry out health insurance for all the people. To diversify forms of social relief and job creation, promote the export of labor toward export of highly qualified labor… To continue renewing salary policies and income distribution policies.

To develop an equitable and effective healthcare system, ensuring that all the people’s health is cared for and protected. The State continues increasing investments in upgrading medical and preventive health facilities, raising the quality of basic health care for the entire population, formulating and perfecting medical allowance and insurance policies for social policy beneficiaries and the poor in medical examination and treatment. To develop hi-tech and non-public health services.

To increase the effectiveness of state management in the healthcare domain. To adopt strategies, plannings and rational mechanisms and policies to develop the system
of manufacture, circulation and distribution of medicines; to strongly develop pharmaceutical and medical equipment industries to meet domestic and export demands. To combine modern medicine with traditional medicine.

To develop a national strategy for improving the health, stature and life expectancy of the Vietnamese and
the quality of our race.
To raise the physical strength of the youth. To strongly develop physical training and sports, effectively combining popular sports with high-achievement sports, traditional sports with modern sports. To adopt appropriate policies and mechanisms to discover, foster and develop talents, enabling our sports to occupy a high standing in the region and step by step approach continental and world standings in sports in which Vietnam has advantages.

To well perform reproductive health work. To step up a society-wide movement for child care, education and protection, create conditions for children to live in a safe and healthy environment and develop physically, intellectually and ethically; to quickly reduce child malnutrition rates. To prevent and control HIV/AIDS with strong, persistent and effective measures.

To effectively implement population and family planning policies. To reduce the population growth rate. To continue to implement the birth reduction plan, maintain the replacement birth rate objective, ensure a rational population size and structure, and raise the population quality. To bring into full play the fine traditional values of the Vietnamese families to meet the requirements of the process of industrialization and modernization. To build prosperous, equal, progressive and happy families, which truly are the hearths of all and the healthy cells of society and constitute an important setting for forming, nurturing and educating personality, preserving and promoting fine cultural traditions, and creating human resources for national construction and defense.

To attach importance to social preference policies. To mobilize all the people to participate in activities “showing gratitude” and “remembering the source while drinking water” in relation to revolutionary veterans, people with meritorious services to the country and social policy beneficiaries. To take care of the material and spiritual life of the aged people, especially those who are lonely and helpless. To help Agent Orange victims, people with disabilities, orphaned and street children.

To renew methods of management and modes of provision of public services. To develop public services in scope, quality and effectiveness, raise the state management capacity and renew the operational mechanisms of public units and strongly mobilize all resources of society. The State should increase resources and make concentrated investments for national target programs on education, healthcare, culture, physical training and sports, population, families, children…; pay attention to deep-lying, remote and ethnic minority areas; and, at the same time, bring into full play intellectual potential and material resources of the people and the entire society in order, together with the State, to solve social issues and develop public services.

To step by step develop state establishments which are providing public services  under a non-business, administrative and subsidy-based mechanism into ones that operate under an independent mechanism with partial subsidies and for not-for-profit purposes. To extensively develop non-state establishments in the people-founded and private forms. To turn a number of state-run establishments into non-state ones. To promote domestic and foreign investment in developing public services. The State shall together with the people step up monitoring, inspection and supervision of public service activities.

To make public charge rates at state and non-state establishments, eliminate unclear and illegitimate revenues and expenses, ensuring satisfactory salaries and incomes for service employees as incentives to perform their jobs with professional ethics.

To promote state and non-state public service establishments to develop in both scale and quality, build service establishments of advanced regional level.


To continue developing intensively and extensively and raising the quality of the  advanced Vietnamese culture deeply imbued with national identity, more closely and synchronously associated with socio-economic development, making culture permeate into all domains of social life.

To build and perfect the values and personality of the Vietnamese man, protect and promote the national cultural identity in the period of industrialization, modernization and international integration. To foster cultural values for the youth, students and pupils, especially the ideal of life, lifestyle, intellectual capacity, virtue and cultural qualities of the Vietnamese.

To bring into full play the people’s spirit of voluntariness, self-management and capacity as masters in cultural life. To diversify forms of operation of the movement “The entire people unite to build a cultured life.” To  promote literary and art potential and encourage literary and art creativity to create works with  high ideological and art values. To build and upgrade a compatible system of cultural institutions, with special attention paid to big and typical cultural projects. To raise the operational effectiveness of the system of cultural houses, museums, traditional houses, libraries, reading rooms, cultural houses, commune post and cultural stations, recreation centers.

To continue making investment in the conservation and embellishment of revolutionary historical relics and the nation’s tangible and intangible cultural heritages as well as cultural, art, linguistic values, and the fine practices and customs of ethnic minority groups. To conserve and promote folk culture and art performances. To harmoniously combine the protection and promotion of cultural heritages with economic and tourist development activities.

To create conditions for the publishing sector and mass media to develop with higher ideological and cultural quality, modernize them in terms of models, organizational structures and material-technical foundations; and, at the same time, to build appropriate, proactive and scientific management mechanisms.

To ensure freedom and democracy for all creative cultural, literary and art activities in parallel with promoting the civil responsibility of writers and artists. To adopt policies to use and properly treat cultural talents, take care of the material and spiritual life of writers and artists. To strongly promote literary and art theoretical-critical activities. To renew contents and methods of operation and organizational structure of central and local literary and art associations.

To intensify the state management of culture. To formulate stable and appropriate mechanisms, policies as well as sanctions to meet new demands of cultural development in the new period. To actively expand international exchange and cooperation in culture, combat the intrusion of harmful and alien cultural trends.

To promote the dynamism and initiative of Party and state agencies, the Fatherland Front, mass organizations, literary, and art and scientific associations, the mass media, households, individuals and intellectuals to participate in cultural activities. To develop and implement programs on public education in culture, aesthetics and advanced, modern lifestyles.


To build up an all-people national defense and people’s security which is strong in every respect; to firmly safeguard the Homeland, independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity; defend the Party, the State, the people and the socialist regime; to protect political, economic security, ideological-cultural security and social security; preserve social order, discipline and safety; to firmly preserve the country’s political stability, proactively preclude, drive back and defeat all hostile forces’ efforts at sabotage, ward off passivity and surprise.

To further renew and improve the quality of the educational work in national defense knowledge for officials, civil servants and the entire people; with contents suitable to different trainee groups, and incorporated into formal school curricula at different educational levels and grades. To attach importance to education targeting unanimous perception of adversaries and partners; to grasp the guidelines, viewpoints and requirements of national defense tasks in the new situation; to raise the sense of responsibility and alertness in the performance of national defense and security tasks. To firmly maintain domestic security; to settle in time conflicts and disputes among the people; build up a “ disposition in people’s hearts” as the foundation for bringing into full play the aggregate strength of the entire nation, of which the people’s army and people’s police constitute the core. To defeat all schemes and maneuvers of the “peaceful evolution,” rebellion and subversion. To attach importance to the task of ensuring internal political security, raising the self-protection capability of every person, organization, agency and unit.

To combine socio-economic development with strengthening defense and security might on the basis of promoting every potential of the country. To build an all-people national defense disposition in close combination with the people’s security disposition. To step up the building of provincial and municipal defense zones. To continue developing economic-defense zone, build up defense-economic zones with the main objective of strengthening defense-security, concentrating on strategic key areas and sensitive land and sea borders, and island areas. To build up the national defense industry within the system of national industries under the direct direction and management of the Government, make selective investments in building it into a modern one in service of both national defense and the people’s life.

To build the revolutionary, regular and well-trained People’s Army and People’s Police that are gradually modernized. To raise the overall quality and combativeness of the armed forces so that they will be really clean, strong political forces absolutely loyal to the Homeland, Party and State, enjoying the people’s trust and love. To renew the organization, content and methods of training of the armed forces in parallel with improving and renewing weapons, equipment and facilities to meet new military operation requirements; to develop military science, police science, and people’s warfare art; to improve the modes of operation of full-time and part-time forces in coordination with people’s organizations in safeguarding national security and ensuring social order and safety.

To formulate and add mechanisms of Party leadership and state management of national defense and security activities. To effectuate the single-commander regime in association with the political commissar, political instructor regime, intensify Party and political work in the army. To supplement regulations on coordination of activities among national defense, security and foreign affairs and concerned ministries and branches in analyzing and forecasting the situation and giving advice on and putting forward solutions. To add and formulate legal documents and social policies related to national defense and security tasks. To expeditiously formulate and promulgate such national strategies as national defense strategy, security strategy and other specialized strategies.


To consistently follow the foreign policy line of independence, sovereignty, peace, cooperation and development; the foreign policy of openness, multilateralization and diversification of international relations. To proactively and actively integrate into the international economy while expanding international cooperation in other domains. Vietnam is a friend and trusted partner of countries in the international community, actively participating in the process of international and regional cooperation.

The tasks of foreign relation work are to firmly maintain a peaceful environment and create favorable conditions for the renewal process, boost socio-economic development, national industrialization and modernization, construction and defense and, at the same time, actively contribute to the common struggle of the world’s people for peace, national independence, democracy and social progress.

To deepen, stabilize and sustain established international relations. To develop relations with all countries and territories in the world and international institutions on the following principles of respect for each other’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs; no use of force or threat to use force; settlement of disagreements and disputes through peaceful negotiations; mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit.

To consolidate and promote relations with communist parties, workers’ parties, left parties, national independence, revolutionary and progressive movements in the world. To continue expanding relations with ruling parties.

To expand people-to-people relations under the motto of “proactivity, flexibility, creativity and effectiveness.” To actively participate in forums and activities of the world’s people, making contributions to the common struggle for peace, equitable and sustainable development, democracy and social progress. To intensify mobilization of aid and raise the effectiveness of cooperation with foreign non-governmental organizations for socio-economic development.

To proactively participate in the common struggle for human rights. To stay ready to hold dialogues with other countries, concerned international and regional organizations on human rights issues. To determinedly defeat all schemes and actions of distorting and abusing “democratic”, “human rights”, “ethnic”, and “religious” issues in order to interfere in Vietnam’s internal affairs, infringe upon the independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity, security and political stability.

To strongly promote external economic activities, integrate in greater depth and more comprehensively with global, regional and bilateral economic institutions on the basis of serving national interests as the ultimate goal.

To proactively and actively integrate into the international economy according to roadmaps in line with the strategy for national development from now to 2010 and a vision to 2020. To prepare conditions for the conclusion of bilateral and multilateral free-trade agreements. To promote comprehensive and effective cooperative relations with other ASEAN countries, Asia-Pacific countries... To consolidate and develop reliable bilateral cooperative relations with strategic partners; to make effective use of opportunities and minimize challenges and risks following our accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO).

To continue renewing economic institutions, review regulatory documents, amend, supplement and perfect the legal system to ensure their compatibility, consistency, stability and transparence. To improve the investment environment; to attract inflows of FDI and ODA capital, indirect investment, commercial credit and other sources of capital. To identify proper purposes of use and accelerate the disbursement of ODA capital, improve methods of management, raise the efficiency of use, and work out plans for payment of debts when due; to maintain a rational and safe foreign debt ratio.

To promote the initiative and dynamism of enterprises of all economic sectors in international economic integration. To strongly promote trade and investment, develop new markets, new products and new brands. To encourage Vietnamese enterprises to enter into joint ventures with foreign enterprises and boldly invest abroad. 

To promote external cultural-information work, contributing to promoting cooperation and friendship between ours and other peoples.

To take care of training and retraining the contingent of cadres performing foreign relation work to be politically steadfast and fluent in foreign languages and possess high professional qualifications, ethics and qualities.

To intensify research, forecast and consultancy on foreign relations with the participation of research institutes and scientists so as to bring into play their intellect.

To ensure the unified Party leadership and the centralized state management of foreign activities. To closely coordinate the Party’s foreign relation work, the State’s diplomacy and the people-to-people’s relations; external politics and the external economy; foreign policy, national defense and security; foreign-service information and domestic-service information.


The great national unity based on the alliance of the working class with the peasantry and intelligentsia under the Party’s leadership constitutes a strategic policy of the Vietnamese revolution, a major source of strength and motivation and a decisive factor in ensuring lasting success in national construction and defense. To take the objective of firmly maintaining national independence and unification for a rich people, a strong country and an equitable, democratic and civilized society as the common denominator for closely uniting people of different ethnic groups, religions, and strata at home and overseas Vietnamese; to get rid of all complexes, prejudices and discrimination on account of one’s past or social class. To respect divergent opinions which are not contrary to national interests. To heighten the nation’s tradition of benevolence and righteousness, tolerance, while cultivating a spirit of openness and mutual trust for political stability and social consensus.

Great unity is the cause of the entire nation and the entire political system with political organizations as the leading nuclei, which is attained through different measures and in different forms, of which the Party’s policy directions and the State’s policies and laws are of primary significance.

The Party exercises its leadership role by means of guidelines and policies and  close ties with the people. The State constantly strives to improve legal and managerial systems, creating conditions for people to do things not banned by law. The State and the people join efforts in striving for national development, harmoniously combine personal interests, collective interests and social interests.

To synchronously realize the State’s policies and laws with a view to promoting democracy (representative democracy, direct democratic and self-administration  of population communities) and maintaining social discipline. To organize and mobilize the people to participate in patriotic emulation campaigns, to do business efficiently, linking economic development with socio-cultural development; each person, each household strives for prosperity for themselves, for communities and the country, earning legitimate incomes and raising their living standards. To care for and protect the interests of people of all strata, ensuring social justice. To respect and promote the exemplary and guiding role of prominent and prestigious persons within population communities, nationalities, religions....

With regard to the working class, to develop it quantitatively, qualitatively and organizationally; to raise its political consciousness and capacity as well as educational and professional levels to be the pioneering force in the cause of national industrialization and modernization. To create jobs, to minimize the rates of underemployed and unemployed workers. To well implement the policies and laws on labor, wage, social insurance, health insurance, labor protection, health care and rehabilitation for workers; to adopt preferential housing policies towards highly skilled workers. To soon organize an unemployment support fund. To organize trade union organizations and increase their membership in production and business establishments in all economic sectors. To continuously care for the material and spiritual lives and protect the legitimate interests of workers and laborers, paying particular attention to workers in industrial parks and large cities. To attach importance to training cadres and recruiting Party members among outstanding workers.

With regard to farmers, to bring into play their important role in the cause of renewal as well as agricultural and rural industrialization and modernization. To accelerate economic restructuring, to introduce advanced technologies in agriculture and rural areas. To effectively implement policies on land. To create favorable conditions for farmers to shift to crafts and service work. To encourage farmers to cooperate with enterprises, cooperatives and farm owners in order to develop production, stabilize and improve their life. To raise efficiency of land use and consumption of farm products. To support and encourage farmers in learning jobs, acquiring and applying scientific and technological advances.

With regard to intellectuals, to bring into full play their intellect and capabilities to expand information, promote democracy, to put talents in important positions. To encourage intellectuals and scientists to invent and innovate. To protect intellectual property rights, to remunerate the contributions of intellectuals to the cause of national development. To attach importance to the role of consultancy and counter-argumentation of scientific and technical associations, social- science and literature and art associations on economic, cultural and social development projects.

With regard to businesspeople, to create conditions for them to bring into full play their potentials and active role in developing production and business; to expand domestic and overseas investment; to create jobs for laborers; to improve product quality; to create and preserve Vietnamese brands.

With regard to the young generations, to constantly educate them in politics, traditions, ideals, morality and ways of living; to create favorable environments for their comprehensive development. To encourage the youth to study and improve their professional and self-employment skills. To attach importance to fostering officials and youths in the armed forces, to provide employment when they fulfill their military services. To create conditions for talented youths to study overseas and return to serve the country. To attract youths, adolescents and children into organizations of which the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union is the core and chaperon on a wide scale.

With regard to women, to raise their standards in all aspects as well as their material and spiritual life, and exercise gender equity. To create conditions for women to perform their roles as citizens, working people, mothers and first teachers of men. To provide training for women so that they may further participate in social activities and leading and managerial bodies at all levels. To care for and protect child and maternal health. To supplement and complete policies on labor protection, social insurance, maternity leave and other policies towards women laborers. To resolutely combat social evils and acts against women’s dignity.

With regard to war veterans, to promote the “Uncle Ho’s soldiers” tradition of actively participating in building and protecting the Party, the administration and the socialist regime. To encourage war veterans to assist one another in improving their lives, eliminating hunger and alleviating poverty, and to contribute to the education of patriotism and revolutionary heroism for the young generations; to well implement the Regulation on democracy at the grassroots; to actively fight bureaucratism, corruption, waste and social evils; to participate in building and consolidating political bases, building the Party and administration at the grassroots clean and strong.

With regard to the elderly, to care for their health, create conditions for them to enjoy culture, to be provided with information, to live a joyful, happy and healthy life. To bring into full play in the society and family the elderly’s wisdom and experience in life, work and combat. To build up families with “exemplary grandparents and parents and dutiful children.” To help the lonely and supportless elderly overcome difficulties in life.

The question of ethnicity and unity of ethnic groups occupies a long-term strategic position in our country’s revolutionary cause. All ethnic groups in the great Vietnamese family are equal, unite with one another, respect and help one another for shared progress; join one another in successfully materializing the cause of national industrialization and modernization, construction and safeguarding of the socialist Vietnamese Homeland. To develop the economy, cater for the material and spiritual life, eliminate hunger and alleviate poverty, raise the intellectual level, preserve and promote the cultural identities, languages, scripts and fine traditions of all ethnic groups. To effectively implement the strategy on socio-economic development in mountainous, deep-lying, remote and border regions, former revolutionary base areas; to well implement sedentary farming and living and the construction of new economic zones. To conduct population planning, redistribution and rearrangement, link  economic development with security and defense maintenance. To consolidate and improve the grassroots political system in ethnic minority areas; to mobilize and bring into full play the role of prominent people within ethnic groups. To prioritize the training and retraining of ethnic minority officials and intellectuals. Cadres working in ethnic minority and mountainous regions must stay close to the locals, understand their customs, habits and languages, and well perform mass mobilization work. To battle all manifestations of ethnicity-based discrimination, narrow-mindedness and division.

Religious compatriots constitute an important section of the great national unity bloc. To consistently pursue the policy of respecting and guaranteeing citizens’ rights to freedom of belief, religious or non-religious belief, and to normal religious practices according to law. To unite compatriots of different religions, religious and non-religious compatriots. To bring into full play the fine cultural and moral values of religions. To mobilize and help religious believers and dignitaries to live well for society and religion. Lawful religious organizations are to operate according to law and be protected by law. To well implement socio-economic development programs and raise the material and cultural life of religious compatriots. To intensify the training and retraining of religious affairs personnel. To combat and prevent superstitious activities and abuses of beliefs and religions to harm the common interests of the country or violate citizens’ rights to religious freedom.

Compatriots residing overseas constitute an inseparable part and a resource of the Vietnamese nation, as well as an important factor contributing to enhancing the cooperative and friendly relations between ours and other peoples. The State is to facilitate and assist them to stabilize their life, properly observing host countries’ laws; and protect their legitimate interests. To adopt policies to encourage overseas Vietnamese residents and intellectuals to turn their thoughts to the Homeland and contribute their efforts and intellect to national construction. To provide information on the domestic situation and the State’s policy directions and policies regarding the overseas Vietnamese community. To adopt policies to commend and reward overseas Vietnamese who make great contributions to the Homeland.

The Vietnam Fatherland Front and mass organizations play an extremely important role in rallying, mobilizing and uniting people of all strata; represent the people’s legitimate rights and interests; put the policy directions and policies of the Party and the State, economic, cultural, social, security and defense programs into life, contributing to building social consensus.

The State shall promulgate mechanisms for the Front and mass organizations to properly play their role of social supervision and counter-argumentation. Party committees and administrations at all levels shall formulate regulations on direct contact and dialogue with the people; regularly listen to opinions of the Front and mass organizations about issues of concern to the people, and as inputs contributed to the formulation of policy directions, policies and laws. To properly implement the Law on the Vietnam Fatherland Front and the Regulation on Democracy at all levels to allow the Front, mass organizations and people of all strata to participate in building the Party, administration and political system.

To renew the operations of the Front, mass organizations and associations, get rid of bureaucratism, showiness and formalism; to improve their performance quality; to properly implement mass mobilization wok in the following style: respect the people, stay close to the people, understand the people, learn from the people, show responsibility towards the people, listen to the people, talk to make the people understand, and act to gain the people’s trust.


1. To promote democracy

Socialist democracy is both an end and a motivator of the cause of renewal, national construction and defense, demonstrating the attachment between the Party, the State and the people. The State represents the people’s rights to mastery while being the organizer of the implementation of the Party’s political guidelines. All Party guidelines and policies and State laws reflect the interests of the overwhelming majority of the people. It is not only the right but also the responsibility of the people to participate in the formulation and implementation of Party guidelines and policies and State laws.

To build a democratic society where Party cadres and members and public employees are genuine servants of the people. To identify organizational forms and formulate mechanisms for the people to exercise their democratic rights in the economic, political, cultural and social domains; to join hands in common affairs of the Party, State and society. To uphold the sense of accountability of Party and State organizations towards the people. The state apparatus and other institutions in the political system are tasked not only to organize the implementation of Party guidelines and policies but also to summit proposals to the Party regarding policy making.

2. To continue building and perfecting the socialist state ruled by law

To build up mechanisms for the operation of a socialist state ruled by law, ensuring that all state powers belong to the people; and the state powers are unified with responsibility division and coordination among agencies in the exercise of legislative, executive and judiciary powers. To perfect the legal system, and raise the specificity and enforceability of provisions in legal documents. To formulate and perfect mechanisms that allow examination and supervision of the constitutionality and legality in the operations and decisions of state-power bodies.

To continue renewing the organization and operation of the National Assembly. To perfect electoral mechanisms in order to raise the qualifications of National Assembly deputies; to rationally increase the number of full-time National Assembly deputies, bringing into full play the role of National Assembly deputies and deputies’ delegations. To reorganize a number of the National Assembly’s committees; and raise operational quality of the National Assembly’s Nationality Council and committees. To further renew law-making processes and considerably reduce the promulgation of ordinances. To improve  the task of making decisions on important issues of the country and the function of supreme supervision.

To step up administrative reform, renewing the organization and operation of the Government toward building a system of unified, smooth and modernizes executive agencies. To legislate the structure and organization of the Government; to organize multi-branch or multi-domain managing ministries to ensure their streamlining and rationality. To effect vigorous decentralization and promote further independence for local administrations, particularly in relation to making decisions on budgeting, finance, investment, human resources and fulfilling financial obligations toward the central government.

To build a system of clean, firm, strong, democratic and disciplinary judicial agencies that protect justice and human rights. To speed up the implementation of the judicial reform strategy towards 2020. To conduct judicial reform in an expeditious and comprehensive manner, focusing on adjudicative activities and the adoption of a mechanism to link prosecution with investigative activities. To work out mechanisms of making judgments on constitutional violations in legislative, executive and judiciary activities.

To raise the operational quality of People’s Councils and People’s Committees, ensuring the independence and responsibility of local administrations within their decentralized jurisdiction. To promote the supervisory role of People’s Councils. To rationally organize local administrations and re-define the powers of administrations in rural areas, urban centers and islands.

To apply measures to reorganize the apparatus and revise regulations on operation of agencies, officials and employees. To restructure the contingent of cadres and public employees, train and retrain them to meet requirements for higher professional and ethical qualifications. To adopt mechanisms to remove from office unqualified, ineffective or corrupt public employees. To apply of system of responsibilities in nominating and appointing persons to leading positions following the direction that leaders shall recommend their deputies and that the direct employers shall make nominations to competent authorities for consideration and decision.

3. To actively prevent and resolutely fight corruption and waste

The entire Party, the entire political system and the entire society must have the high political determination to combat, prevent and repel corruption and waste. To supplement and perfect mechanisms and regulations on financial-economic management, on management of public properties, state budgets, funds contributed by people and provided as aid by foreign countries; mechanisms of inspection, examination, inventory and control. To accelerate administrative reform; to implement people’s supervisory mechanisms via their representative bodies, direct or indirect, over Party members, officials and public employees, agencies and units. To ensure the publicity and transparency of economic and financial activities in administrative bodies, public-service units and state enterprises. To continue renewing the salary regime for officials and public employees.

To quickly, strictly and synchronously implement the Anti-Corruption Law, the Law on Thrift Practice and Waste Combat. To supplement and perfect the Law on Complaints and Denunciations.

To resolutely, timely and publicly punish corrupt persons regardless of their positions and whether they are still in office or already retired, and confiscate assets originated from corruption. To severely punish according to Party discipline and State laws those who cover up corruption, deliberately obstruct the anti-corruption fight or abuse corruption denunciation to slander against or harm other persons, or cause internal disunity. To adopt mechanisms to encourage and protect those who actively fight corruption and negative practices. To commend and multiply examples of industriousness, thrift, integrity, righteousness and selflessness.

To perfect democratic mechanisms, properly implement the Regulation on democracy at the grassroots; to promote the role of people-elected bodies, the Fatherland Front, socio-political organizations and the people in supervising cadres, public employees and public-power agencies; to uncover and struggle against corrupt phenomena. To boost international cooperation in the anti-corruption fight.

Party committees and organizations, state bodies, mass organizations, leading officials, first of all high-ranking officials, must personally take part and take the lead in the fight against corruption and waste.


The Communist Party of Vietnam is the vanguard of the working class and, at the same time, the vanguard of the Vietnamese working people and nation; the loyal representative of the interests of the working class, working people and nation.

In the years ahead, to devote greater efforts to markedly improving Party building, promoting the revolutionary traditions, and working-class and vanguard characters of the Party; to build our Party into a politically, ideologically and organizationally strong and pure system, highly united and single-minded, closely attached to the people, equipped with a scientific mode of leadership, and possessing a contingent of qualified and capable Party officials and members. This is the key task of vital importance to the Party and our people’s revolutionary cause.

1. To improve the Party’s political capacity and intellectual level

To be persistent in Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought, and the goals of national independence and socialism. To creatively apply and develop Marxism-Leninism and Ho Chi Minh Thought in the Party’s activities. To constantly review practice, supplement and develop theories and judiciously tackle issues arising from life.

To raise the Party’s intellectual level and theoretical study quality; to continue to clarify issues of socialism and the path toward socialism in our country; and to clarify theoretical and practical aspects of the Party’s guidelines and policies at the new stage.

To renew political and ideological education within the Party, first of all for  key leaders and managers at all levels; to renew learning and teaching contents and methods in political schools while improving the practicality and efficiency of educational programs.

To consolidate and improve the quality of agencies specializing in ideological and theoretical work. To quantitatively and qualitatively increase the contingent of ideological and theoretical personnel, especially those in key positions. To concertedly carry out ideological and theoretical work linked to organizational and personnel work and economic development; and fight ideological, political, moral and lifestyle degradation. To be resolute in the struggle to protect the Party’s guidelines and viewpoints, and criticize and repudiate erroneous and hostile viewpoints.

2. To consolidate and renew the operations of grassroots Party organizations, improving the quality of Party members.

It is the responsibility of each and every grassroots Party organization to organize and rally its strength for the fulfillment of assigned tasks; to carry out political and ideological education, management and supervision of Party members in their competence to fulfill their tasks as well as their morals and lives; and combat negative manifestations within the Party. To improve the quality of Party cells’ operations.

To consolidate the system of grassroots Party organizations. To define the legal status, and institutionalize from the State’s perspective, the roles, functions and tasks of the various forms of grassroots organization. To pay attention to building grassroots Party organizations in joint-stock, private and foreign-invested enterprises; in mountainous and remote regions; to focus on strengthening weak organizations.

To build a contingent of Party members who are truly pioneering and exemplary, possessing revolutionary qualities and ethics, a high sense of organization and discipline, and competence to fulfill assigned tasks; who are persistent in the working-class stance, endeavor for the Party’s ideals and goals, and who are dynamic, creative and steadfast in face of whatever difficulties and challenges.

Party members undertaking private business must be exemplary in abiding by the State laws and policies, strictly observe the Party’s Statutes and the Party Central Committee’s regulations.

To soon work out regulations and guide their implementation, ensuring the promotion of Party members’ economic capabilities while preserving Party members’ qualifications and the Party’s nature.

To assign the appropriate work to the appropriate Party member, creating conditions for them to accomplish their tasks. To regularly practice criticism and self-criticism of Party activities. To mobilize non-members to supervise and make remarks and comments on Party members. To promptly expel unqualified persons from the Party.

To raise the quality of Party members by improving the quality of grassroots Party organizations. To step up Party membership expansion and ensure the quality of this work. To attach importance to rejuvenating Party members and raising their qualifications, taking their ethics as the basis, and fostering their knowledge, intellect and capability to fulfil the tasks of the leader and pioneer in their assigned fields of operation.

3. To seriously observe the principle of democratic centralism within the Party; to strengthen ties between the Party and the people; to improve the quality and efficiency of inspection work.

To couple the promotion of democracy with the enhancement of discipline within the Party. All Party cadres and members shall have the right to discuss and participate in deciding on the Party’s affairs; the right to be supplied with information, to argue and present personal opinions, to reserve their opinions within the organization; and to speak and act in accordance with the resolutions once they have been approved.

The leading cadres at all levels must listen to the opinions of their subordinates, Party members and the people. To formulate a regulation on the issuance of Party decisions, ensuring the promotion of collective wisdom; to elaborate mechanisms to allow the people to express opinions on major decisions, and participate in the Party’s affairs; to get rid of work styles characterized by bureaucratism and aloofness from the people.

To further improve regulations that ensure the rights of collectives to inspect and supervise individuals, of organizations to inspect and supervise organizations, and of individuals to inspect and supervise individuals and organizations, including key leaders and superior organizations. To link the Party’s internal supervision with the State’s supervision and the people’s supervision.

To formulate a regulation on social supervision and counter-argumentation of the Fatherland Front, socio-political organizations and the people regarding the formulation of the Party’s major guidelines, policy directions, policies and  decisions of the Party as well as their implementation, including organizational and personnel work.

To renew inspection methods and add supervisory functions to Party inspection committees at all levels. To intensify preventive inspection. To formulate a regulation on coordination of activities between the Party Inspection Commission and the Government Inspectorate.

4. To renew organization, apparatus and personnel work

To reorganize and renew the Party’s organization and apparatus, particularly Party Commissions, the Party Caucus Commission, and Party Committees at the central and local levels in association with the consolidation of the organization and apparatus of state bodies, the Front and mass organizations to ensure that they are streamlined, practical and efficient in operation. To address overlapping and unclearly defined functions, tasks, powers and responsibilities of agencies and their leaders. To organize capable Party advisory bodies while promoting the role of Party organizations, cadres and members operating within state bodies, the Front and mass organizations.

To improve working methods and enhance the quality of research, recommendation, consultancy, guidance and inspection of Party advisory bodies. To intensify coordination between local Party Caucus Commissions and local Party committees.

Officials must possess excellent political qualities, be absolutely loyal to the Homeland, the Party, and wholeheartedly endeavor for the interests of the people and the nation. They must possess a firm political will and remain unswerving in the face of difficulties and challenges, have the capabilities to fulfill their assigned tasks, possess exemplary morals and clean lifestyle, have a high sense of organization and discipline, respect the collective and attach themselves to the people.

To build a comprehensively and reasonably structured contingent of high-quality officials, to build a contingent of steadfast succeeding officials who are steadfast. To pay attention to training female officials, ethnic minority officials, officials with worker backgrounds, and experts from various domains; to foster talents according to planned orientations. To attach special importance to the building of a contingent of senior leading officials.

To vigorously renew personnel work to ensure it is carried out in a truly democratic, scientific and just manner. To formulate and perfect electoral regimes, personnel appointment and dismissal mechanisms; broaden the rights of nomination and self-nomination, to introduce many personnel options for selection.

To formulate mechanisms and policies that ensure the discovery, recruitment, training, fostering, employment and preferential treatment of virtuous and talented persons; to promptly replace those who are unqualified and make serious mistakes.

To resolutely overcome individualism, sectionalism, partiality and subjectivity, as well as indulgence and arbitrariness in personnel work.

To concretize and institutionalize the principle that the Party uniformly leads personnel work and manages officials while bringing into full play the responsibilities of organizations and their heads within the political system regarding personnel work.

5. To renew the modes of Party leadership

Renewal of the modes of Party leadership must be carried out in line with renewal of the organization and operation of the political system, and with economic renewal; the principle of democratic centralism must be strictly observed in the organization, operation and activities of the Party.

To concentrate on the renewal of the mode of Party leadership over the State. The Party leads the State through guidelines, viewpoints and resolutions; its leadership is institutionalized and concretized into the Constitution, laws, plans, and major work programs of the State; it arranges proper personnel and regularly checks the implementation.

The Party leads but does not engage in micro-management, neither replaces the State in the latter’s operation; on contrary, it strongly promotes the State’s proactive and creative role in national and social management.

To expeditiously formulate and perfect the system of legal documents providing specifically for principles, content and mechanisms of Party leadership over the State in each of the legislative, executive and judiciary domains, at each level and form of state organization.

To renew the mode of Party leadership over the Fatherland Front and mass organizations, create conditions for the latter to properly define goals and orientations for their activities; while promoting the spirit of independence and creativeness in the formulation and renewal of their organization and operation.

To ensure unified Party leadership over personnel work within the political system, effect personnel rotation and overcome closed appointment and

sectionalism in personnel work. To enhance the responsibility of Party officials and members working as heads of state bodies. Where agencies violate policies and/or law and allow corruption and internal disunity to occur, their leaders must bear responsibility.

The renewal of leadership modes must be associated with the renewal of working methods that are truly democratic and practical, with words matching deeds.


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Our country has grown increasingly stronger. The world is changing vary fast. Our country must soon become an industrialized, modern nation. Our people must be able to enjoy abundant, free and happy lives.

The Xth Party Congress upholds the iron will of the entire Party, population and army with millions as one, dynamically and creatively seizing opportunities, surmounting challenges and determinedly conducting comprehensive and vigorous renewal along the socialist path, with a view to achieving the goal of “a rich people, a strong country, an equitable, democratic and civilized society,” standing shoulder to shoulder with other nations in the world in the times’ speedy march forward.-


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