The Government has recently issued Decree 07/2021/ND-CP on multidimensional poverty line for the 2022-2025 period.
Accordingly, the norms for measuring multidimensional poverty line for 2021 remain unchanged as the Government extends the implementation of Decision 59 dated November 19, 2015, on multidimensional poverty line for 2016-20.
Multidimensional poverty standards serve as a basis for measuring and monitoring the level of gaps in income and access to basic social services of the people, and for identifying subjects of poverty reduction and social security policies as well as making relevant socio-economic policies.
|Do Thi Tuyen (aged 50) in front of her house in Quang Yen town, Quang Ninh province__Photo: Van Anh|
As for the 2022-25 period, a person will be considered poor if his/her monthly income is VND 1,500,000 and VND 2,000,000 for rural and urban areas, respectively, or if he/she is deprived of access to six basic social services namely job, healthcare, education, housing, clean water and sanitation, and information, up one service compared to the current norms.
The Decree specifies 12 indicators for measuring level of deprivation of access to basic social services: access to job, number of dependents, nutrition, health insurance, education level of adults, school attendance of children, housing quality, average housing area per capita, residential water sources, hygienic latrines and toilets, telecom services; and facilities to serve information access.
The new Decree also contains provisions on poor, near-poor and well-off households. Specifically, a household in rural areas is considered poor if it has a monthly per-capita income of VND 1,500,000 or lower and meets at least three indicators measuring deprivation of access to basic social services.
An urban household is poor if it has a monthly per-capita income of VND 2,000,000 or lower and meets at least three indicators measuring deprivation of access to basic social services.
Meanwhile, a household will be considered near-poor for having the same monthly income as a poor household, but meeting less than three indicators measuring deprivation of access to basic social services.
A well-off rural household is one that has a monthly per-capita income of between over VND 1,500,000 and VND 2,250,000, while a well-off urban household is one that has a monthly per-capita income of between over VND 2,000,000 and VND 3,000,000.
The new regulations will take effect on March 15, 2021.- (VLLF)