“Continuous line” map - new wine in old bottles
The story of the “nine-dash line”, the so-called China’s claim in the South China Sea, or the East Sea as it is called in Vietnam, seems to have sunk into the past after the award of the Arbitral Tribunal in the Philippines case against China in 2016. In this ruling, the Tribunal rejected the so-called “historic rights” of China in the waters within the “nine-dash line”. The idea is that the “nine-dash line” no longer exists after the ruling of the Arbitral Tribunal, but recently, the international press is stirred about the “nine-dash line” but under a new shape.
Handling enterprises’ environmental violations in Vietnam: current situation and suggested solutions for better management
In recent years, the number of environmental violations committed by legal persons has been on the rise in Vietnam including the cases of Vedan, Sonadezi, Nicotex Thanh Thai, Hao Duong Leather Corporation, Tung Kuang Company, and the most recently the case of Formosa Steel Ha Tinh Company in 2016.
Control and handling of corrupt acts in the private sector through accountability mechanism
Corruption in the non-state business sector happens when someone takes advantage of his/her position in his/her enterprise for the sake of his/her personal gains. In Vietnam, the 2015 Penal Code (revised in 2017) has broadened the scope of corrupt acts to include corruption occurred in the private sector. Specifically, persons with high positions and/or powers in a non-state enterprise or organization will be liable for the following criminal acts: embezzlement, receiving bribes, giving bribes and bribery brokerage. However, in order to effectively prevent and combat corruption in the private sector, holding persons committing corrupt acts liable is not sufficient enough.